News and Views [ September 2002 ]

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Monday, 30 September, 2002: The US on Sunday began advising Egyptians traveling to America they may be fingerprinted, photographed and questioned on arrival in America. So far, the program requiring registration of foreign visitors included those from Iran, Iraq, Sudan and Libya the countries listed by the State Department as state sponsors of terrorism. [AP]
Monday, 30 September, 2002: President Zine al-Abdine ben-Ali of Tunisia reiterated his call for the immediate and final lifting of the unfair sanctions that were imposed on Libya. Ben-Ali's call came in a speech marking the conclusion of the activities of the eighth ordinary session of the central committee of the constitutional democratic gathering in Tunisia. [JANA]
Monday, 30 September, 2002: The Ugandan football federation (FUFA) holds its annual General Assembly this morning at the International Conference Centre. FUFA's Treasurer Isiagi Opolot will tell the assembly he expects about Shs 1.6 bn to run the federation activities. According to his budgetary estimates for year 2003/03, he expects Shs 445m ($250,000) from FIFA and Shs 89m ($50,000) from the Libyan Football Federation. [The Monitor]
Sunday, 29 September, 2002: Libya's state-run National Company for Supply Commodities had bought 150,000 tonnes of white sugar at between 230 and 249 euros per tonne on a C&F basis, a company senior official said on Saturday. The purchases are for shipment between October 2002 and April 2003. The company has said it had import requirements in 2002 of about 200,000 tonnes of refined sugar but analysts estimate that Libya has annual import requirements of about 300,000 tonnes of white sugar. [Reuters]
Sunday, 29 September, 2002: Libyan leader Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi and Togo's president Gnassingbe Eyadema on Friday condemned the ongoing violence and mutiny in Cote d'Ivoire and urged the mutineers to lay down their weapons. [PANA]

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Saturday, 28 September, 2002: Bangladesh police and intelligence operatives raided an Islamist organisation, with members from Algeria, Libya, Yemen and Sudan, and took into custody seven members suspected of links with al-Qaeda. The authorities apprehended Abu-Nujaid of Libya, Al-Nasami, Abu-Sallam, Abu-Umaiya and Abul-Abbas of Yemen, Abu-Ashem of Algeria, and Hasan Adam of Sudan. The government believes that [al-Harmain Foundation] is a terror organisation with links to al-Qaeda, disguised as a non-governmental organisation (NGO). [Daily Times]
Saturday, 28 September, 2002: More than 200 illegal immigrants landed in Malta on Friday, after their boat was found drifting in open seas off this small island-nation south of Sicily. The 235 immigrants, including 64 children, were trying to make it to Italy. They came from more than a dozen countries, most African, and likely left from Libya or Tunisia about three days earlier, police said. Authorities came across their 15-meter fishing boat after it ran out of fuel. [AP]
Friday, 27 September, 2002: Libya is ready to withdraw troops it sent to the Central African Republic (CAR) after a failed attempt in 2001 to oust President Ange Felix Patasse, the Chadian parliament quoted the Libyan ambassador to Chad as saying Thursday. In a statement issued by Chad's national assembly and obtained Thursday by AFP, Libyan ambassador to Chad, Grene Saleh Grene "indicated that Libya is getting ready to withdraw its soldiers from the CAR." Libya sent troops to the CAR capital Bangui in June 2001 to support Patasse after a failed coup attempt. More troops were sent in November 2001, after fresh unrest in CAR. [AFP]
Friday, 27 September, 2002: The Libyan Football Federation Thursday reversed last week's decision to fire Italian Franco Scoglio and disband the national team. A Libyan senior official said the football squad would fly to Italy on Saturday to resume preparations for forthcoming African Cup qualifying matches. He added that Scoglio would be recalled to coach the team. "The new decision was taken by [Qadhafi's son] al-Saadi," said the official. "Al-Saadi would be with the team in the trip to Italy." Scoglio said last week he was sacked because he did not pick al-Saadi as a player. "With him in the squad, we were losing. When he left, we won," Scoglio added. [Reuters]
Friday, 27 September, 2002: The Libyan daily, al-Zahf al-Akhdar, on Thursday urged the African Union (AU) to take urgent measures to contain the crisis in Ivory Coast before it degenerates into serious consequences. [PANA]
Thursday, 26 September, 2002: The decision by South Africa and indeed, Africa to back Libya's bid to chair the UN human rights commission has led to some obvious remarks about the hypocrisy of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad) commitments to democracy and good governance. Countries with appalling records of human rights violations; DRC, Vietnam, Kenya, Libya, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Cuba, China, Algeria, Sudan and Burundi have packed the commission to prevent investigations into their own records. [Business Day]
Thursday, 26 September, 2002: Iraqi agents have been negotiating with criminal gangs in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to trade Iraqi military weapons and training for high-grade minerals, possibly including uranium, according to evidence obtained by the Guardian. French radio reported last year that president Mobutu loyalists had moved 10kg (22lbs) of uranium bars to Libya, en route to a "rogue state" believed to be Iraq. [The Guardian]
Thursday, 26 September, 2002: Libya and Qatar agreed to launch a joint bank with capital of 400 million dollars and set up a holding company, as part of accords signed on Tuesday, officials said. The accords, aimed at boosting joint investments, were signed during a visit to Libya by a Qatari delegation led by Finance Minister Yussef Hussein Kamel. [AFP]
Wednesday, 25 September, 2002: Libya has requested an emergency meeting of Arab foreign ministers on the Israeli siege of Palestinian President Arafat, an Arab League (AL) official said on Monday. Libyan African Unity Minister Ali al-Triki (photo) sent the request to Amr Mussa, secretary general of the 22-member pan-Arab organization, the official told AFP. The official was speaking on the sidelines of a meeting held in Cairo on Monday by delegates to the AL to discuss Arafat's siege. [Al-Bawaba]
Wednesday, 25 September, 2002: Chadian rebel leader Youssouf Togoimi, whose forces have been battling government troops in Chad, died in Libya on Tuesday. Togoimi, who had been wounded in a mine explosion last August, died at the central hospital in Tripoli, his political and diplomatic advisor Youssouf Barkai told AFP. "His health had been getting a lot better in the past few days and we don't know the exact circumstances of his death," added Barkai. A former defence minister, Togoimi launched an insurgency at the head of the Movement for Democracy and Justice in Chad in 1998, seeking the ouster of President Idriss Deby. [AFP]
Wednesday, 25 September, 2002: Libyan engineers constructing the Karuziika (Uganda's Toro kingdom palace) are personally making material procurements fearing Ugandans would over cost them. The kingdom's deputy minister in charge of protocol, Mesherk Kawamara, said the Libyans were doing the procurements but said it was the kingdom leadership that authorised it. However, sources told The New Vision that the Libyans opted to do the procurements after their survey indicated that the bills presented to Libyan leader Col. Qadhafi were so high. Qadhafi undertook to rebuild the palace after the July 2001 Empango celebrations. [New Vision]
Wednesday, 25 September, 2002: Former US vice president Al Gore said that US enemies "will be legion" if the US embarks on the path of seeking world dominance instead of partnership and cooperation. Speaking at the Commonwealth Club in San Francisco, Gore said he was deeply concerned by what the new strategy meant in view of the administration's plans to topple Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein. "The doctrine is presented in open-ended terms, which means that if Iraq is the first point of application it is not necessarily the last," he warned. He argued that the very logic of the strategy unveiled by the White House suggested a string of military engagements against a succession of sovereign states such as Syria, Libya, N. Korea and Iran. [AFX]

Tuesday, 24 September, 2002: The Ambassador of Libya in Liberia has disclosed that his government has begun the renovation of the Pan African Plaza at an estimated cost of US$6 million. Ambassador Mohammed Omar Talbi made the disclosure September 15 when the Libyan embassy celebrated the 33rd anniversary of al-Fatah Revolution. Besides, the Libyan envoy told newsmen that his government is to construct a plastic factory in Margibi. [The News]

Monday, 23 September, 2002: The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is likely to boost its oil production quotas at its Dec. 12 meeting because of expectations of rising oil demand, the head of the Libyan National Oil Corp. (NOC) said Saturday. Abdulhafidh Zlitni said OPEC would continue to be guided by price movements, particularly watching if crude prices move above the upper limit of the producer group's $22-$28 target band. But he said indications of economic growth appear to show a need for more oil from OPEC. [Dow Jones]
Monday, 23 September, 2002: France's Bouygues Offshore has been awarded an EPIC contract for a subsea production system, offshore Libya with Agip Gas BV -- Libyan Branch, a Company operating on behalf of the Libyan National Oil Corporation and Agip North Africa BV, of ENI. To perform this contract, Bouygues Offshore has entered a Joint-Venture with Doris Engineering.The total amount of the contract is valued at EUR 133 million. The project is part of the overall development of the Western Libya Gas Project in Block NC 41C offshore Libya. [Rigzone]

The Libyan League For Human Rights: Press Release

Sunday, 22 September, 2002: The Libyan Football Federation moved on Saturday to clarify the sacking of Italian coach Franco Scoglio who was removed earlier this week despite Libya winning their last three matches. A statement from the federation referred to "radical steps" that had had to be taken because of a crisis prompted by the resignation of deputy chairman Al-Saadi al-Qadhafi, a son of leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. It described Scoglio as "esteemed" but said "current circumstances" had forced the federation to terminate the contract. In their last three internationals, Libya have beaten Egypt 1-0, Togo 4-0 and DR Congo 3-2. [Reuters]
Sunday, 22 September, 2002: Libya roundly denounced last Thursday's coup attempt in Cote d'Ivoire, in which some 270 people were killed, according to the latest count. [PANA]

Saturday, 21 September, 2002: South African President Thabo Mbeki yesterday quashed Libyan President Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi's ambition of creating a grand panAfrican army, saying the constitution of the African Union (AU) did not envisage the continent as a single state. Mbeki said: "I do not imagine we would want to take a position that there should be one African army." Mbeki believed the independence of each African country had to be respected. [Business Day]
Saturday, 21 September, 2002: Libya is prioritising negotiations on frozen assets held by U.S. companies in the hope that Washington will consider lifting its 16-year-old trade embargo against Tripoli, the chairman of Libya's National Oil Company said on Saturday. "They want to come back in but they are waiting for permission from their government," Abdulhafidh Zlitni (photo) told Reuters. Conoco , Marathon , Amerada Hess and Occidental , left Libya in 1986 by then President Reagan's executive order. [Reuters]
Saturday, 21 September, 2002: The first Afro-Arab economic conference on investment in Africa will open in Tripoli on saturday under the auspices of the Arab League in cooperation with Libya. The conference aims at getting the Arab investors acquainted with the promising investment opportunities in Africa and encouraging them to set up joint ventures. [Xinhua]
Saturday, 21 September, 2002: The Central African Republic (CAR) has denied signing a 99-year treaty giving Libya the right to exploit its oil, uranium and other mineral resources, local media reports. According to CentrAfrique-Presse, the government said it had never made such a deal with Libya or any other foreign country. Earlier Reuters had quoted CAR mines minister Andre Dorogo saying the deal was signed in June and covered all mineral resources. [BBC]
Saturday, 21 September, 2002: The head of Libya's OPEC delegation Abdulhafidh Zlitni said on Thursday that OPEC had decided to enforce stricter adherence to individual quotas by member states. Zlitni said quotas had to be held to "or the penalty will be high." He Rejected calls from the West to put more oil on the market. OPEC ministers agreed Thursday to leave output unchanged - with top producer Saudi Arabia saying current prices are good for buyers and sellers. [AP]
Saturday, 21 September, 2002: Iraq could unleash a biological attack on the West by using unsuspecting people travelling abroad as carriers of deadly germs, nuclear scientist Khidhir Hamza, a prominent Iraqi defector has warned. Hamza, who left Iraq in 1994 and worked in Libya, told the US Congress last night he suspected the Iraqi security service had already used people travelling abroad to infect exiled dissidents with the deadly AIDS virus. [AFP]
Saturday, 21 September, 2002: [American] Thermo Electron Corp. acknowledged yesterday that foreign subsidiaries were selling lab equipment and other goods to countries considered by the US to be sponsors of terrorism. Equipment involved in sales to Iraq and Libya included metal-testing and food analysis devices. A spokeswoman said that as soon as the sales were discovered, in July, they were halted. While Thermo said the sales, by British subsidiaries, were legal, Richard Syron, chief executive, decided they weren't in line with new Thermo values. [Daily News Tribune]
Friday, 20 September, 2002: With attention centered on Iraq, world leaders gathered for the UN General Assembly face another major challenge to the credibility of the UN system. Libya, a tyranny in which torture and repression prevail, is set to chair the UN Human Rights Commission. International human rights groups paint a grim picture of practices, including imprisonment of hundreds of political and civic activists, death sentences for nonviolent activists, torture, disappearances and suspected assassinations of numerous political opponents. [News Day]
Friday, 20 September, 2002: Ex-Libyan national team coach Franco Scoglio says he was sacked because he refused to select al-Saadi (photo), the son of Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. "They sacked me because I wouldn't let him play," Scoglio told Corriere dello Sport on Thursday, the day after he was fired. "And I would never have let him play, even for a minute. As a footballer he's worthless," Scoglio said. He added that his dismissal was also due to his refusal to train al-Ittihad club, which is owned by al-Saadi. "With him in the squad, we were losing. When he left, we won," Scoglio said. [Reuters]
Friday, 20 September, 2002: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, in a meeting with Iranian Ambassador Mohammad Menhaj in Sirte on Tuesday, said that Iran and Libya share common interests. Referring to the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks on America's symbols of power and wealth, Qadhafi said that in view of the current sensitive situation Muslim governments should endeavor to work more closely together to thwart the plots hatched by the enemies. [Tehran Times]
Friday, 20 September, 2002: Central African Republic President Ange Felix Patasse Thursday arrived for a visit in Sirte, 450 km east of the Libyan capital Tripoli. [PANA]

Thursday, 19 September, 2002: Libya is willing in principle to pay compensation to relatives of those killed in the 1988 Pan Am 103 bombing over Lockerbie, Scotland, but is still considering the amount, a Libyan official said Wednesday. Libya is now considering a formula by which it complies with the last U.N. resolution concerning Lockerbie: accepting responsibility for the bombing, Libya's African affairs minister, Ali al-Treiki, said. Speaking to the pan-Arab Al Hayat newspaper in New York, al-Treiki said that "as a matter of principle" Libya accepted the idea of compensating victims' families because it was a demand of the U.N. Security Council. [AP]
Thursday, 19 September, 2002: An official Libyan source has today expressed Libya's support for the French who have accused Britain of failing to co-operate with European partners in the war against Islamic terrorist groups. The Libyan source accused Britain of continuing to harbour terrorist elements wanted in their countries. The source said elements of the so-called Libyan al-Qaeda are working freely in Britain with the full knowledge of the British government. [JANA]
Thursday, 19 September, 2002: Libya's Italian coach Francesco Scoglio has been dismissed, as part of a major shake-up by the country's football authorities. The national team has also been disbanded, despite a surprise 3-2 win over DR Congo in their opening African Cup qualifier. An official of the Libyan federation said that they were unhappy with Scoglio's performance. The new national team will be made up of players from al-Ittihad of Tripoli and al-Nasr of Benghazi. [BBC]
Thursday, 19 September, 2002: The Libyan Ministry for African Unity has issued a statement saying there was nothing particular about a recent agreement signed between Tripoli and Bangui, insisting it was a cooperation instrument like any other agreed with other African states. [PANA]
Thursday, 19 September, 2002: Tunisian Prime Minister Mohamed Ghanoushi, who is heading the Tunisian delegation to a Joint Commission with Libya, delivered a message Wednesday to Libyan leader Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi from his Tunisian counterpart Ben Ali. [PANA]
Thursday, 19 September, 2002: The oil minister of the UAE said Wednesday OPEC is more concerned with oil prices going too low than too high. However, "If it goes above (OPEC's target) range then we will [do something about it,]" Obaid al-Nasseri said. Separately, the head of Libya's National Oil Corp., asked to comment on the possibility of high prices if OPEC output remains unchanged, said it's worrisome and added, "We are committed to a stable price." [Dow Jones]
Wednesday, 18 September, 2002: The US told its European allies Tuesday to wake up to the threats posed by weapons of mass destruction, which it believes are being developed by Iraq, Iran, N. Korea and Libya. "It's not clear to me that there is the same singular focus (in Europe) that we have," said John Wolf, assistant secretary for the Bureau of Nonproliferation. Wolf said that during his 90-minute briefing with the EU and NATO envoys he had touched on Iran, N. Korea and Libya -- as well as the "suppliers" of proliferation material Russia and China. [Reuters]
Wednesday, 18 September, 2002: Two African nations on the U.S. State Department's list of terror-sponsoring countries have signed a pact committing them to beef up anti-terror laws. Sudan and Libya signed the Algiers Convention which requires that signatories should amend national laws to expedite investigations and prosecutions of those involved in terrorism. The treaty also requires nations to prepare a list of persons and organizations within their countries engaging in - or suspected to be engaging in - terrorism, and to forward the lists to the AU. [CNSNews]
Wednesday, 18 September, 2002: The countries with the biggest success attracting foreign investors are Belgium, Luxembourg, Hong Kong and Angola, according to a United Nations study released Tuesday. UNCTAD's survey gave a score of 1 to a country whose share of global foreign investment was equivalent to its share of global GDP. At the bottom of the list, Suriname, Yemen, Indonesia, United Arab Emirates and Libya all had negative scores. [AP]

Tuesday, 17 September, 2002: Libyan newspapers were published today in black and white, dedicating their editions to the 71st anniversary of the martyrdom of Sheikh Omar al-Mukhtar, who sacrificed his life for the sake of his homeland and fought the Italian invadors, seeking to liberate the Libyan soil from the filth of [the Italian] colonisers. [JANA]
Tuesday, 17 September, 2002: In Zimbabwe, Justice Susan Mavangira of the High Court has granted an order directing the chief immigration officer, to immediately facilitate the return of Yousef Mughram, the former Libyan spy deported for allegedly compromising State security. Yousef Mughram was alleged to have been assigned by the Central Intelligence Organisation to assassinate opposition MDC leader Morgan Tsvangirai. [The Daily News]
Tuesday, 17 September, 2002: Sudan and Libya have agreed to abolish entry visas for their citizens starting 15 November, 2002, press reports said in Khartoum Monday. [PANA]
Tuesday, 17 September, 2002: African Union members believe they have demonstrated their support for the global war on terrorism. Their conference that ended in Algiers at the weekend adopted a plan of action to implement Algiers Convention on the prevention and combating of terrorism. The conference was at pains to present a plan of action that would not offend western powers. For example, it resisted Libya's urging to take a swipe at Zionism. [Business Day]
Tuesday, 17 September, 2002: It was recently reported that the Libyan ambassador gave 36,000 bags of rice to the First Lady of Liberia. Nice gesture! But this is not what we want from the man who is now "seeing" the light after causing the destruction of our country. Qadhafi needs to stand next to his thugs and face a military tribunal in [Liberia] for his role of arming, training and financing the deadliest group of killers and killing hundred of thousands. Qadhafi, the people of Liberia do not need your rice of shame, they want their country back. [The Perspective]
Tuesday, 17 September, 2002: Uganda's Toro kingdom Thursday celebrated the 7th coronation anniversary for Rukirabasaija Oyo Nyimba Kabamba Iguru Rukidi IV. Ambassadors for Thailand, Libya, China and Japan were among the guests. [The Monitor]
Tuesday, 17 September, 2002: "Libya's motive in supplying the Mugabe regime in Zimbabwe is to cement the relationship it has with key states in Africa as part of a drive to build support outside of the European Union and the United states," says Eddie George of Zimbabwe's opposition Movement for Democratic Change. "It is also to make a profit for Tamoil (the Libyan state oil company) and other interests which will then be ploughed into the Zimbabwe economy where assets can be obtained for very little," Eddie George said. [The Financial Times]

Adel Mekraz: The Show Of Community Support Was Amazing

Monday, 16 September, 2002: Today marks the 71st anniversary of the hanging of Libyan hero Omar al-Mukhtar (photo) by the Italians. On the 16th of September, 1931, the Italians hanged Omar Al-Mukhtar in Solouq with no consideration to his old age, no consideration to international law and no consideration to world war treaties. Libya was under the Italian occupation till 1943 when Italy was defeated in World War II and Libya became under the Allies Armies occupation till the 24th of December, 1951, when Libya achieved its independance. For more details, please click on the following:
The Italian Occupation and the Libyan Resistance
Pictures of the Italian Occupation [Part 1]
Pictures of the Italian Occupation [Part 2]
Omar al-Mukhtar - Part I [1862 - 1922]
Omar al-Mukhtar - Part II [1922 - 1931]

Monday, 16 September, 2002: Libyan President Mu'ammer al-Qadhafi and former South African president Nelson Mandela spoke by phone Saturday on the possible US military strike on Iraq. The conversation discussed means "to protect the Iraqi people" from any aggression. Qadhafi has come out strongly against any US plan to attack Iraq, AFP said. Mandela warned Washington Thursday against any unilateral action on the global stage. [Al-Bawaba]
Monday, 16 September, 2002: At least fourteen people died on Sunday when a boat loaded with illegal immigrants from Liberia capsized off the southern coast of Sicily. Several passengers swam ashore, while a total of 92 were rescued, police said. All of those aboard were from Liberia in West Africa, apart from the captain, an Egyptian, who police believe was responsible for organising the smuggling operation. The Egyptian said he originally set sail from Libya. [Reuters]
Monday, 16 September, 2002: Al-Alam al-Youm reported that Egypt, Syria, Iraq, and Libya will finalize a free trade zone agreement within the coming few days. The agreement provides for the elimination of taxes and customs fees on goods traded between the four countries. [Arab Finance]
Sunday, 15 September, 2002: Libya has yesterday signed an agreement with a Lebanese businessman to organize the upcoming event of Miss Internet. The son of Libyan President, Saif al-Islam al Qadhafi, has backed the idea, saying that he welcomes any step toward open-mindedness. "Islamic teachings and traditions will be taken into consideration before anything else," Saif al-Islam has said, explaining that the 25 participants, to be visiting Libya for 11 days next month, will only appear in decent cloths. The event, to be held next month, will be choosing one of 25 participants from all over the world to become Miss Internet. [Al-Bawaba]
Sunday, 15 September, 2002: The [Zimbabwean] government seems extraordinarily sensitive about its links with Libya. Information secretary told the Sunday Mail that Zimbabwe was just one of many countries trading with Libya so there was no need for Zimbabweans to be "sceptical". So why this barrage of defensive remarks if it is all so legitimate and above board? Could it be because other countries trading with Libya have not mortgaged vast tracts of their farmland and sold off large chunks of the family silver in the form of shares in banking and tourism to [Libya]? Could it be because their heads of state are not routinely collected in a Libyan aircraft every time they need to negotiate new fuel deals? [Zimbabwe Independent]

Saturday, 14 September, 2002: The man convicted of the Lockerbie bombing is a "scapegoat", Britain's longest serving Member of Parliament (MP) said on Wednesday. Tam Dalyell is backing Libyan Abdelbaset al-Megrahi's appeal to the European Court of Human Rights. The Linlithgow MP held a two hour Barlinnie prison meeting with al-Megrahi (photo) and his lawyer, Eddie MacKechnie, just hours ahead of the legal challenge. "I give him total support," Dalyell told [ePolitix]
Saturday, 14 September, 2002: Lawers acting for US and UK families of the Lockerbie victims hope to finally seal a 2 billion compensation deal with Libya within two weeks. It would mean each of the families of the 270 victims, receiving 7 million within a year. Lee Kreindler, a New York attorney who is chairman of the PanAm 103 families' negotiating committee, will meet three Libyan government representatives in Paris on September 24 when a written agreement could finally be signed. "We are working on technicalities but [an agreement] may be finalised at the meeting in Paris in a couple of weeks," Mr Kreindler said. [The Herald]
Saturday, 14 September, 2002: The U.S. government has imposed penalties on three Russian military contractors that sold weapons to countries that the U.S. State Department says support terrorism. The companies are said to have sold military equipment to Libya, Sudan and Syria. The companies are the Tula Design Bureau of Instrument Building, the State Scientific Production Enterprise Bazalt, and Rostov. Although all three companies are state owned, no penalties are being imposed on the Russian government, a State Department official said. [IHT]
Saturday, 14 September, 2002: South Africa supported the nomination of Libya to chair the UN Commission on Human Rights, Foreign Minister Nkosazana Zuma has told Parliament. Human Rights Watch says that UN human rights bodies have expressed concern about developments in Libya, including extrajudicial and summary executions by state agents, the high incidence of arbitrary arrest, the imposition of the death penalty for political and economic offences, the use of torture and lack of judicial independence. Zuma did not comment on whether Libya's behaviour was consistent with standards set by the African Union and Nepad. [Business Day]
Saturday, 14 September, 2002: According to Ahmed Rajab, editor of the London-based newsletter Africa Analysis, "behind the new-found friendship between Libya and Zimbabwe is a shared anti-West ideology". But, according to Patrick Smith, editor of the London-based newsletter Africa Confidential "Mugabe has had more and more problems with the West, Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi has made himself more and more useful." "There is now a web of commercial, economic, political, diplomatic and security connections," Smith said. [UN-IRIN]
Saturday, 14 September, 2002: African officials are meeting in the Algerian capital for four days of talks on strengthening Africa's response to international terrorism. The gathering began Sept. 11 in acknowledgement of the anniversary of the al-Qaeda attacks against the U.S. The organizers of the meeting hope it produces an action plan to effectively implement an earlier document called "the Algiers Convention on the Prevention and Combating of Terrorism." As of last month, 12 African states - including Libya - had signed and ratified the Algiers Convention. [CNSNews]
Saturday, 14 September, 2002: The official Libyan news agency JANA Thursday issued a commentary regretting the thousands of lives perished in the terrorist attacks in the United States one year ago, and reiterated Tripoli's total condemnation of any form of terrorism. [PANA]

Friday, 13 September, 2002: Libyan forces in the Central African Republic's capital are facing growing opposition from local residents. The troops (photo) were first deployed in Bangui to defend the country's president Patasse, following a failed coup attempt last May. Western diplomats say that about 300 soldiers and military advisors stayed on to guard the presidential residence and occasionally the radio and television stations and airport. However, while some of the capital's inhabitants admit that the Libyan presence prevented an outbreak of civil war in the country, many now would like to see the back of the foreign troops. [BBC]
Friday, 13 September, 2002: The Libyan convicted of the Lockerbie bombing is having his case taken to the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. Lawyers for Abdelbaset al-Megrahi (photo) have lodged a petition in which they allege the Libyan's human rights were breached during his trial and subsequent appeal at the special Scottish court at Camp Zeist in the Netherlands. Megrahi was jailed for life for the 1988 bombing of Pan-Am flight 103 over the Scottish town, in which 270 people died. Eddie MacKechnie, who is now representing Megrahi, said that his client's trial and subsequent appeal under Scottish courts was flawed in several key respects. [BBC]
Friday, 13 September, 2002: The impoverished Central African Republic has signed a 99-year treaty with military ally Libya allowing a firm created by Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi's government to dig for oil, uranium and other mineral riches. Mines Minister Andre Dorogo said the deal covering all resources including diamonds, gold, uranium and possibly oil, was signed in June -- barely a year after Qadhafi sent troops to help President Patasse crush a rebellion. [Reuters]
Friday, 13 September, 2002: Despite being granted a pick of the country's choice assets, the Libyan government has reportedly stepped up pressure on Zimbabwe to offer more assets of greater value as guarantee for sustained fuel supplies. Industry sources this week said despite the renewal of the supply deal on Tuesday, there were still problems that threatened the supply of fuel. "The deal with the Libyans is not a grant but a loan that has to be repaid using foreign currency which we do not have in abundance," the sources said. [Mail and Guardian]
Friday, 13 September, 2002: Italy has arrested 15 Pakistani nationals on suspicion of membership of Osama bin Laden's al-Qaeda organisation and plotting a terrorist strike in Europe. The men were initially detained in August after coastguards intercepted their vessel, the Sara, in Italian territorial waters off Sicily. Investigators said the ship's captain maintains he had been instructed by the ship's owner, through a local shipping agent, to take on 14 Pakistanis at Casablanca and proceed to Libya. [AFP]
Thursday, 12 September, 2002: Zimbabwe's Finance Minister Herbert Murerwa signed a $360 million deal Monday in Tripoli to ship gasoline supplies to the economically devastated African country for the next year. Private oil industry executives have questioned how Zimbabwe, facing its worst economic crisis since independence in 1980, will honor its side of the deal. Part of the cost will be met by Zimbabwe's beef, tobacco and fruit exports. Libya will also receive investments in Zimbabwean mining, tourism and agriculture, the state-run Herald newspaper reported. [AP]
Thursday, 12 September, 2002: The Government of Libya last Thursday presented a huge consignment of about 36,000 bags of rice to Liberia's First Lady, Jewel Howard Taylor for onward distribution to thousands of internally displaced people (IDPs) nation-wide. Turning over the consignment to First Lady, Libya's Ambassador, Mohammed Omar Talbi, said the rice was Libya's humanitarian assistance to the IDPs and the needy. [The News]
Wednesday, 11 September, 2002: Seven countries have confirmed nuclear arsenals: Britain, China, France, India, Pakistan, Russia and the US. Israel, which is reported to have 100 warheads, has never confirmed its arsenal. Thirty-two countries produce more than 150 different kinds of unmanned drone aircraft capable of delivering a nuclear or biological payload, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace says in a new book, Deadly Arsenals. Ominous threats abound elsewhere, the foundation contends: China has 20 nuclear-armed missiles capable of hitting the US, and Libya has produced more than 100 tonnes of blister and nerve agents. [CNEWS]

Tuesday, 10 September, 2002: Libya had a great start to their African Nations Cup campaign with a 3-2 home win over DR Congo on Sunday. Ali Al-Malian opened scoring in the 15th minute, with Jehad al-Montaser adding the second in the 37th. The Libyans sealed victory with a third goal when team captain Essam Rajab converted a penalty in the 41st minute. Francesco Scoglio, Libya's Italian coach, said the win puts them on the road to Tunisia 2004. [BBC]
Tuesday, 10 September, 2002: Zimbabwean President Robert Mogabi, who is currently visiting Libya, has received today Mohammed Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi [son of Libyan President Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi]. Mohammed Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi is the Secretary of Libya's General Post and Telecom Company and the Chairman of the Libyan Olympic Committee. [JANA]
Tuesday, 10 September, 2002: Libyan leader Colonel Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi Sunday met in Tripoli with Ali Hassan Abdelmajeed, a member of the Iraqi Revolutionary Command Council, who delivered to him a verbal message from Iraqi President Saddam Hussein. [PANA]
Tuesday, 10 September, 2002: Damascus Radio reported on Sunday that the aftermath of the September 11 terrorist attacks against the US was characterized by a "series of lies by the US Administration", in which the "hawks are enthusiastic". The state-run radio noted the continuous campaign of slander against Arab countries including Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Libya, Syria and Iraq "in reflection of a pro-Israeli approach", the Syrian News Agency reported. [Al-Bawaba]

Monday, 9 September, 2002: Arab countries are wasting huge financial potential and are ill-prepared for future needs generated by massive population growth, according to a report by the World Economic Forum. The "Arab World Competitiveness Report" was presented to Arab business and political leaders at a two-day meeting which began in Geneva on Sunday. The report said that sixteen countries have exports in less than eight sectors, with Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Qatar and Yemen at the bottom of the ranking with two or three goods exported. [AFP]
Monday, 9 September, 2002: Mobile phone penetration in Libya reached just one percent by the end of 2001, while the monopoly telecoms operator boasted a penetration rate of just 12 percent for fixed lines, a report said Sunday. "The cellular market in the country is very immature. The GSM subscriber base reached only 50,000 by year end 2001, a penetration rate of one percent," the Arab Advisors Group said. Libya's General Post and Telecom Company had a waiting list of 80,000 lines in 2000 with an average waiting time of more than one year. [AFP]
Monday, 9 September, 2002: Libyan leader Colonel Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi held talks in Tripoli late Saturday with Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe, on African issues, especially how to strengthen the African Union, as well as bilateral and international issues, officials said. [PANA]
Monday, 9 September, 2002: Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad criticized Western policy toward Muslim nations on Sunday, saying attacks and sanctions will create endless "recruits to terrorism." Mahathir said that issues such as Israel's occupation of Palestinian territory and Western sanctions against Iraq, Iran, Libya and Sudan had forced some Muslims to retaliate "through acts of terror, hitting out blindly at the innocents as well as the guilty." [AP]

Sunday, 8 September, 2002: The Washington Post said U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld's office Friday night withdrew a 2,300-word article he had written for Sunday's paper making the case for pre-emptive military action to head off potential threats from weapons of mass destruction. The article cited the three countries Bush has called the "axis of evil" - Iraq, Iran and North Korea - as well as Libya and Syria. Pentagon spokeswoman Victoria Clarke said Rumsfeld withdrew the article because the timing "was not right," the Post said. [AP]
Sunday, 8 September, 2002: The Libyan government has allocated $4.26 million to construct a new building for its embassy in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Libyan Ambassador Dr. Mohammed Saeed Al-Qashat said the new premises would be ready within 20 months. "The new embassy building is designed in Andalusian architectural style to make it one of the outstanding diplomatic headquarters in the Kingdom," the ambassador told Arab News. [Arab News]
Sunday, 8 September, 2002: Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe and senior government ministers left on Saturday for Libya. Last year, Mugabe renegotiated with Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi a $360 million fuel import deal. Qadhafi is a key ally of Mugabe, who has faced criticism on the international scene over his controversial drive to seize white-owned farms for redistribution to blacks and his disputed re-election in March. [Reuters]
Sunday, 8 September, 2002: The Libyan ambassador to Saudi Arabia Mohammad Saeed al-Qashat announced on Thursday that Saudi Arabia is mediating between Libya and the United States to resume back severed diplomatic relations between the two countries. [Arabic News]
Sunday, 8 September, 2002: Developments in Sudan following the suspension of peace talks between the government and SPLA rebels were at the centre of a meeting in Cairo involving Sudanese, Libyan and Egyptian authorities, sources indicated Friday in Tripoli. [PANA]

Saturday, 7 September, 2002: Libya rejected on Thursday Israeli allegations that it was engaged in developing weapons of mass destruction, and told the Jewish state to scrap its own unconventional arsenal before pointing the finger at others. "Israel is the only (Middle East) country that has weapons of mass destruction," Minister for African Unity Ali al-Triki told reporters on the sidelines of an Arab League foreign ministers meeting in Cairo. [The Daily Star]
Saturday, 7 September, 2002: Lafico, the Libyan investment company, is interested in acquiring a 20 per cent stake in FinPart, the Italian holding company which controls fashion brands Cerutti, Moncler and Frette. The operation may take the form of an 80 million euro reserved capital increase. Lafico may acquire the stake with the help of Olcese, the Italian textile company in which the Libyan company has a 26.3 per cent stake. Lafico has stakes in Italian auto group Fiat, Italian football club Juventus and Italian banking group Capitalia. [La Stampa]
Saturday, 7 September, 2002: Libya's National Authority for Information and Documentation (NAID) is carrying out a comprehensive regional development mapping survey to understand how development varies around the country, improve development planning, and guide budget allocations. The survey covers each of Libya's 31 local governorates (sha'biyat). For further information please contact Jalal el-Muntaser, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Libya, or Trygve Olfarnes, UNDP Communications Office. [UNDP]
Saturday, 7 September, 2002: The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) overshot its existing 21.701 million barrels a day (b/d) oil output target by almost 1.9 million b/d in August, a survey by Dow Jones found Thursday. The survey shows that crude oil output by the 10 members of OPEC, which pledged at the beginning of 2002 to limit crude oil supplies, rose by 123,000 b/d in August to 23.600 million b/d. The survey shows that Libya overshot its 1.162 million b/d output target by 165,000 b/d by producing 1.327 million b/d of oil in August. [Dow Jones]

Friday, 6 September, 2002: The family of Libyan spy Yousef Murgham, unceremoniously deported from Zimbabwe last month, does not know of his whereabouts or if he is still alive. Murgham's lawyer Jonathan Samkange said this week he had not been in contact with his client since he was deported three weeks ago. Samkange said Murgham's family did not know of his whereabouts either. Murgham was expelled on August 15, leaving under the escort of security agents aboard an Air Zimbabwe flight to Nairobi, where state media said he had to catch a connecting flight to Cairo and then to Tripoli. [Financial Gazette]
Friday, 6 September, 2002: Libya's Assistant Secretary of the Committee on (Ministry of) External Relations, Hassouna Al-Shawesh (photo) has roundly dismissed a claim by Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon earlier Wednesday, that Libya would likely be the first Arab country to acquire a nuclear bomb. "Libya is becoming perhaps a more dangerous country," Sharon said on Israel TV. He claimed that "Libya may be the first (Arab) country with weapons of mass destruction." [PANA/AP]
Friday, 6 September, 2002: The son of the Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi has defended Libya's much-criticised nomination as chair of the UN Commission for Human Rights. Seif al-Islam al-Qadhafi said in an exclusive BBC interview that he supported the move for Libya to head the UN Commission on the unusual grounds that Libya had a bad human rights record. "We have a bad record regarding human rights in this region in general... not just Libya," he said. "It's a good time now to have a country from this region in that position because... it's an embarrassment to those countries because they are violating the human rights." [BBC]
Friday, 6 September, 2002: The Arab League on Thursday asked the United Nations to completely lift sanctions on Libya. A committee of League Secretary General Amr Mussa and seven Arab foreign ministers "regretted that the UN Security Council has not lifted sanctions imposed on Libya, as it has received a report from the UN Secretary General stipulating that Libya has fulfilled its obligations." The committee called "on the Security Council to lift immediately and definitively the (UN) sanctions," imposed in 1992. It also regretted that the United States last January extended its own sanctions on Libya for another year. [AFP]
Friday, 6 September, 2002: Arab foreign ministers said they were sending a "unanimous" appeal to avert a war against Iraq. "We adopted unanimously a resolution concerning Iraq.. we stood firmly against any attack on Iraq," Libyan Minister for African Unity Ali al-Triki told reporters as closed-door talks were ending. Al-Triki and his Egyptian, Sudanese and other colleagues said the meeting was unanimous in rejecting a war against Iraq. [Al-Bawaba]
Thursday, 5 September, 2002: The Libyan government is providing Hyundai Motor with its biggest-ever single export deal. South Korea's biggest car maker has won an order to export 26,373 compact cars to Libya, the biggest export deal not just for Hyundai but also for the South Korean car industry. Hyundai has declined to say how much the order is worth, saying only that it has never before received a single order for so many cars. Motor analysts have valued the deal at $240 million, a welcome boost to the South Korean car industry. [BBC]
Thursday, 5 September, 2002: Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon charged Wednesday that both Iraq and North Korea were helping Libya develop powerful weapons. "Libya is becoming perhaps a more dangerous country," he said on Israel TV. He claimed that "Libya may be the first (Arab) country with weapons of mass destruction." In a recent report to Congress, CIA Director Tenet said Libya had a nuclear research program but would "require significant foreign assistance to advance a nuclear weapons option." The report also said that Libya was dependent on foreign suppliers for material to produce chemical-weapons related equipment. [AP]
Thursday, 5 September, 2002: One of the most enduring legacies of the September 11 attacks may turn out to be what critics are calling a serious curtailment of civil liberties. Already by last October, Congress had rushed through the USA Patriot Act, which expanded the government's ability to conduct secret searches, telephone wiretaps and Internet surveillance with much less judicial review than before. "They can break into my house and search it, they can put me under surveillance and bug me.. I cannot have a conversation with a lawyer and be sure it is private. I sometimes ask myself if I am living back in the old country," said Abdul Hammuda, who left his birthplace in Libya in 1973 at age 16 to make his life in the US. [Reuters]

Wednesday, 4 September, 2002: Amnesty International (AI) welcomed Libya's release of tens of prisoners, including prisoners of conscience and possible prisoners of conscience. Among the prisoners of conscience were Muhammad 'Ali al-Akrami, al-'Ajili Muhammad 'Abd al-Rahman al-Azhari, Muhammad 'Ali al-Qajiji, Salih 'Omar al-Qasbi and Muhammad al-Sadiq al-Tarhuni, who have been imprisoned for almost three decades, following their arrest in 1973 for their peaceful involvement with the Islamic Liberation Party. "Their release is a positive development in the human rights situation in Libya, and we hope that it will be followed by the release of all detainees held solely on account of their peaceful political views or affiliation", AI said. [All Africa]
Wednesday, 4 September, 2002: Amnesty International (AI) said it remains concerned for the many long-term political prisoners, including prisoners of conscience and possible prisoners of conscience, who continue to suffer behind bars in Libyan prisons. AI has repeatedly called on the Libyan authorities to clarify the cases of these men, some of whom have been deprived of their liberty for more than a decade without charge or trial. AI has been informed that many families, whose relatives' names did not feature on the list published by the Qadhafi Foundation, have congregated outside Abu-Salim prison in Tripoli, waiting hopefully for the possible release of their loved ones. "The continued detention of these prisoners is unjust." AI said. [All Africa]
Wednesday, 4 September, 2002: British Prime Minister Tony Blair said Tuesday he hoped Libya would become a fully fledged member of the international community, and offered its leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi "the hand of partnership." "I hope very much that Libya comes into the full community of international relations." "There are concerns that we have as a result of the past, but I am perfectly prepared to extend the hand of partnership on terms that people recognize," said Blair, adding that Libya had to be a fully responsible member of the international community. Blair's comments came at a news conference in Sedgefield, northern England. [AP]
Wednesday, 4 September, 2002: Last month, the African Union summit decided to nominate Libya as next year's chair of the UN Commission on Human Rights (UNHCR) and Washington launched a campaign against its prospective chairmanship. The U.S. State Department argued that the selection or election of a chair for the UNHCR should be based on the human rights record of the country. Would it not do more for human rights in Libya to let Tripoli chair the UNHCR for a year? Its holding of the post would subject its human rights record to scrutiny. And it could be served notice that it is being put to the test and that improvements that benefit the Libyan people are expected from it in keeping with its new obligations. [The Daily Star]
Wednesday, 4 September, 2002: Qatari Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al Thani received on Tuesday a telephone call from Libyan leader Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, according to Qatar news agency. During their phone conversation, the two leaders discussed relations between the two countries and latest Arab and international developments. [Al-Bawaba]
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Tuesday, 3 September, 2002: A group of exiled Libyan human rights activists and political opponents said on Monday Libya should not be allowed to chair the UN Human Rights Commission despite the recent release of political prisoners. The activists, who met over the weekend in Geneva under the umbrella of a group called Libyan Human Rights Solidarity, estimated that there were still up to 2,000 political detainees in Libyan jails. "We as Libyans would be proud if our country heads this UN organisation. We think it's an honour," Ashur al-Shamis (photo), a London-based opponent, told journalists. But unfortunately we feel that the human rights record of the present regime does not qualify Libya to have this privilege." [AFP]
Tuesday, 3 September, 2002: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi said on Saturday Libya's prisons were free of political detainees except for members of the al-Qaeda network. "There is no such thing as al-Qaeda members in Libya," Ashur al-Shamis, a London-based opponent, told reporters. "The only reason Mr Qadhafi uses these terms is because he knows that these are terms the Americans want to hear and he is engaged in a charm offensive." Although the European-based opponents confirmed the recent release of 65 political detainees and acknowledged some progress in recent months in Libya, they rejected Qadhafi's claims. [AFP]
Tuesday, 3 September, 2002: Iraqi President Saddam Hussein has sent a telegram of congratulations to his Libyan counterpart, Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi on the occasion of Libya's National Day. In the telegram, President Hussein wished the Libyan President good health and happiness and the people of Libya further progress and prosperity. [Al-Bawaba]
Tuesday, 3 September, 2002: Bulgaria has re-established its air link with Libya, which was severed three years ago. The state-owned Hemus Air will fly once a week to Tripoli and back starting Sept. 17. Previously, the national air carrier Balkan Airlines served that destination, but Libya refused to accept its planes after an Israeli company bought it in 1999. [AP]

Monday, 2 September, 2002: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi has used the 33rd anniversary of the revolution that brought him to power to call for an end to a longtime dream -- to defeat the West -- and pledged Libya will stick to international law, even if it has been "distorted" by Washington. "We must accept international law although it has been distorted and imposed by America, or we will be crushed," Qadhafi said in a televised address on Saturday. [AFP]
Monday, 2 September, 2002: The move to Glasgow from Tripoli by the wife and family of the convicted Lockerbie bomber was defended by Tam Dalyell last night. The veteran backbench MP and longtime Lockerbie campaigner told The Herald he had known about their move to Scotland. It was reported yesterday that Mrs Megrahi (photo) moved to her new 500,000 home on a private luxury estate with three of her sons. Their new life in Scotland has reportedly been paid for by Saif al-Qadhafi, son of the Libyan leader, who heads the Qadhafi International Foundation. [The Herald]
Monday, 2 September, 2002: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi said on Saturday a war on Iraq would throw the oil-rich Gulf region into chaos and give credence to Osama bin Laden's claim that Muslims were threatened by the West. "If Iraq is attacked that means the whole Islamic world is threatened. A war on Iraq would usher in a recolonisation of the Islamic world, one state after another," he said. Qadhafi made the remarks during a speech broadcast on television to mark the 33rd anniversary on Sunday of his seizure of power in a coup. [Reuters]
Monday, 2 September, 2002: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi has said Libya's prisons are free of political detainees except for members of the al-Qaeda network, in his most explicit acknowledgement of their presence in Libya. "As from the date of this anniversary, Libyan prisons will be empty, with the exception of a group of heretics believed to have links with what is known as al-Qaeda and the Taliban," Qadhafi said in a televised address Saturday. He did not say how many had been arrested or where they were being held. [AFP]
Monday, 2 September, 2002: Iranian President Khatami in a message congratulated Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi as well as Libyan government and nation on Libya's national day. The information and press department at the presidential office quoted part of the letter as hoping that in light of joint efforts and through reliance on abundant religious, political and cultural commonalties, relations between Iran and Libya would further expand at all levels. [IRNA]
Monday, 2 September, 2002: Ahmed Hamuda of Egypt was declared the new Mr Africa. Egyptians dominated all the weight categories as the Body Building Championships ended at the Aga Khan Sports Centre in Mombasa, Kenya on Saturday. Kenya finished second while Mauritius was third. Libya was fourth in the championship that attracted only four nations. [The Nation]

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LLHR: Libya: 33 Years Of Human Rights Violations

Sunday, 1 September, 2002: In a two-hour speech marking the anniversary of the 1969 coup in which he took power, Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi said Saturday that Libya's policy toward the United States and Israel will now follow the line of the African Union - a new grouping of African nations to which Libya belongs. "There is no Libyan policy. This is an African policy," Qadhafi said. "In the old days, they called us a rogue state. They were right in accusing us of that. In the old days, we had a revolutionary behavior ... We acted like an independent state and we put up with the consequences of our action," he said. [AP]
Sunday, 1 September, 2002: Eager to shake off his pariah image, Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi said Saturday Libya is no longer a rogue state and has even detained some Islamists suspected of links with the al-Qaida terror network. In a two-hour speech on Libyan national television, Qadhafi condemned the Sept. 11 attacks, saying: "We have never seen such a horrific and terrifying act performed in such an exhibitionist manner." But he warned the US and Britain against any invasion of Iraq to topple President Saddam Hussein, saying "the collapse of the Iraqi regime will turn Iraq into another Afghanistan." "Saddam Hussein's regime is better for them. It is a strong regime" that will not allow Islamic extremists to take over, he said. [AP]
Mansour O. El-Kikhia: Saif al-Gaddafi And The Telegraph

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