News and Views [ July 2002 ]

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Wednesday, 31 July, 2002: Former American President Jimmi Carter has expressed his appreciation for the vital role played by [Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi] towards the restoration of peace in Sudan. Carter sent a cable to Qadhafi stating "I write to acknowledge your vital and continued role in assisting various parties in Sudan to achieve peace and I hope that the agreements signed recently bring about fair and lasting peace for the Sudanese people and consolidate security and coperation in the area." [JANA]
Wednesday, 31 July, 2002: Yemen's ambassador to Libya, Ali Al-Gaffary delivered on Monday a message from Yemen President Ali Saleh to Libyan President Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. The letter was received by Secretary for African Union Ali Al-Turaiki. The ambassador discussed with Al-Turaiki the mutual cooperation between the two countries. [Albawaba]
Wednesday, 31 July, 2002: On the world's poorest continent, whose masses are afflicted in huge numbers with every imaginable kind of plague and pestilence, Qadhafi is trying to convince people that the road to salvation runs to Tripoli. Make me the leader of Africa, he suggests, and we'll have a proud continent, independent of the U.S. and its European partners. Libya and sub-Saharan Africa share a continent. But they share little else. Lightly populated and with great oil wealth, Libya perhaps can afford to put up with a Qadhafi. The nations of sub-Saharan Africa have no such luxury. They have paid -- and are paying -- dearly for the wisdom that has led them to democracy and that may, if they stay on the right paths, lead someday to prosperity. [Chicago Tribune]
Wednesday, 31 July, 2002: There is more than just Islamic militancy to worry about from the thousands of religious schools operating in Pakistan. The big problem will be what to do with an estimated 1.5 million graduates who will have no other qualifications except to be clerics, according to a report released Tuesday by the International Crisis Group, a nonprofit research group based in Brussels, Belgium. Even an unreleased government survey that was seen by The Associated Press, says some of the larger religious schools are actively pursuing foreign students, and are receiving most of their funding from countries like Saudi Arabia, Libya, Iraq and Kuwait -- raising concerns that some of the funding may have terrorist links. [AP]
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Tuesday, 30 July, 2002: The renovation of Tooro palace in Kyenjojo district, Uganda, whose cost is being met by Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, will regain its original shape before the seventh empango celebrations slated for Sept. 12. While attending the sixth empango celebrations in Kyenjojo last year, Qadhafi promised to contribute to the kingdom's development. "Three Libyan architects have since been at the site. They control finances for purchasing materials and payment of workers," Tooro's chief of protocol told The New Vision. [New Vision]
Monday, 29 July, 2002: Sudan called upon Libya on Saturday to keep up its peace efforts, following the signing of a protocol accord between Khartoum and southern rebels. Sudan's Information Minister delivered the call, contained in a message from Sudanese President Omar al-Beshir, in the course of a meeting with Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. Libya has since 1999 co-sponsored a peace initiative with Egypt aimed at preserving the unity of Sudan. [Albawaba]
Monday, 29 July, 2002: In answers to questions from the daily Al-Safir, the leftist terrorist known as Carlos the Jackal said Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir and Hasan al-Turabi, speaker of the Sudanese parliament when the Jackal was caught in 1994, betrayed him for money paid to them by Saudi Arabia to facilitate his kidnapping by French intelligence. The terrorist berated Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi for, he said, buckling to foreign pressure and betraying the Irish Republican Army in its armed struggle in Northern Ireland.. [UPI]
Sunday, 28 July, 2002: Clashes were reported recently between Sufi Muslims and militant Salafis in al-Zawia with each group trying to impose its way of conducting prayers. The Salafis have fundamentalist views similar to those of the Taliban or the Saudi Arabian Wahhabi movement. News of the clashes was first revealed Thursday in a statement denouncing Islamic extremism by Qadhafi's son Seif al-Islam. Police broke up the clashes then forced demonstrators who had beards to shave them off. Libyan Justice Minister Mohammad al-Misrati told UPI Thursday, "Libyans like their mosques free from Muslim extremism." [UPI]
Sunday, 28 July, 2002: Fourteen years after her ex-husband [Ahmed Naas] abducted her twin daughters and took them to Libya, Linda McCathern's girls have returned to the United States. This June, she met Jamelah and Sarrah, both 18, in Tunisia for a monthlong visit. By the end of the visit, the girls decided they wanted to return to the U.S., McCathern says, and her ex-husband agreed. "I think he realized that they have become young women and can make their own choices," she says. "He cannot control them." Jamelah and Sarrah went to the U.S. Embassy in Tunis and got passports and returned to the U.S. on July 9. [The Oregonian]
Saturday, 27 July, 2002: Britain is preparing to send a ministerial mission to Libya for the first time in nearly 20 years. Foreign Office minister Mike O'Brien hopes to visit Tripoli as part of the campaign against international terrorism. The planned visit, within the next two weeks, comes against the background of slowly improving relations between Colonel Qadhafi's regime and the international community. The Foreign Office assessment is that Libya has turned away from supporting terrorism - a view supported by the United States. [BBC]
Saturday, 27 July, 2002: Zimbabwe is negotiating an extension of the US$360 million Libyan oil deal amid reports that the European Union is exerting pressure on Libyan leader Qadhafi to stop supporting President Mugabe's repressive regime. Government sources last week said a delegation, comprising Jewel Bank CEO Gideon Gono and Mines and Energy minister Edward Chindori-Chininga, had been to Libya to negotiate the new deal. [Zimbabwe Independent]
Saturday, 27 July, 2002: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi has promised Malawi a new 500-bed hospital and 4000 metric tonnes of maize to ease the country's food crisis. Qadhafi pledged to offer the assistance during his last week's visit to Malawi. He also pledged to invite Libyan companies to construct houses in Malawi's urban centres. In a bid to help Malawi achieve food security through Agricultural development, Qadhafi pledged to ship some tractors. [All Africa]
Friday, 26 July, 2002: For the second consecutive year, Norway came out tops in human development with 0.942 marks, a United Nations report says. The Human Development Report 2002 measures progress in 173 countries using the Human Development Index - combining life expectancy, education and income per capita. Sweden was second with 0.941 points followed by Canada (0.940). The U.S. is ranked sixth while Libya is Africa's leading nation, occupying the 64th position with 0.773 points. African countries occupy the last 27 positions. [The Nation]
Friday, 26 July, 2002: Libyan Foreign Minister Abdelrahman shalgam expressed concern on Wednesday about Malta's accession to the European Union (EU) and how it would impact ties. Shalgam said a requirement for Libyans to acquire a visa to enter the country in line with EU policy would be reciprocated by Libya. Malta may experience a drop in tourism revenues as a result, he added. [Reuters]
Friday, 26 July, 2002: Malta and Libya signed an extradition treaty on Thursday as part of their efforts to fight crime, Maltese Home Affairs Minister Tonio Borg said. The agreement was signed during a visit to Malta by Libyan Foreign Minister Abdelrahman shalgam. Shalgam met Prime Minister Eddie Adami and opposition leader Alfed Sant for talks which government officials said focused on bilateral relations and Malta's plans to join the European Union. [Reuters]
Friday, 26 July, 2002: The United States has lost a bid to block a draft anti-torture treaty that would require UN inspections of prisons such as the US base in Cuba set up to hold Taleban and al-Qaeda detainees. Among those supporting the US were China, Cuba, Australia, Egypt, India, Japan, Libya, Pakistan and Russia. Lining up against Washington were the entire European Union and most Latin American, Caribbean and African states. [Reuters]
Thursday, 25 July, 2002: Colonel Qadhafi's son says his father runs family life with the same strict hand he uses to govern his country, but insists Libya has now embarked on a new era free of the old animosities of Lockerbie and the Cold War. "We all have to change our way of dealing with the West," Saif al-Islam al-Qadhafi told Reuters on Tuesday. "The whole architecture of the world has changed. There is no more Cold War, no more Lockerbie. It's the start of a new era." Saif al-Islam, 30, was in London to promote an exhibition of his paintings. [Reuters]
Thursday, 25 July, 2002: The Libyan leader Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi has described the agreement reached by the Sudanese government and the southern Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) as "an internal Sudanese affair and that one cannot be more Sudanese than the Sudanese themselves." Addressing a press conference in Cairo Tuesday, Qadhafi disclosed that the Sudanese President Omar Al-Bashir had told him during a telephone conversation that the Sudanese people were "satisfied with the recent agreement." [PANA]
Thursday, 25 July, 2002: In a speech at the National Press Club, American "Nation of Islam" leader Louis Farrakhan Monday blasted U.S. policy in the Middle East for singling out Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat and said a U.S. invasion of Iraq lacked support among Arab leaders. Farrakhan also said Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi was producing a low-cost remedy for AIDS at a facility accused of developing chemical weapons. [UPI]
Wednesday, 24 July, 2002: For the African Union (AU) to be on track, Qadhafi should step back. As a writer for S. Africa's Mail and Guardian states it, "It does not take an Afro-sceptic to appreciate the irony of having a country without a parliament [Libya] become the seat of the AU parliament." Qadhafi has controlled Libya since 1969, longer than the monarch, King Sayed Idris, he overthrew: that fact is not an endorsement for democracy. Libya may keep Qadhafi for as long as she wants, but the rest of Africa does not need a strong man. [Accra Mail]
Wednesday, 24 July, 2002: Saif al-Islam al-Qadhafi, a son of Libya's leader, on Tuesday opened an exhibit of art and antiquities from Libya in London, including dozens of his own paintings. Saif al-Islam (photo) may be an able cultural ambassador but as a painter he is not even a gifted amateur; his sentimentality is only exceeded by his technical incapacity. All those yellow suns, red roses and white horses don't even succeed in being eccentric or intense - just incredibly undistinguished. [The Guardian]
Wednesday, 24 July, 2002: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi called on Libyans to invest in Africa and help transform the continent into an economic power. "Africa is a paradise. We must invest in it and build roads so we have a powerful economic space rivaling Europe and China," he said. "The Arabs, also, should be more interested in Africa and join the African Union," he said. "Stop begging. Ever since 1957 the Arabs have been negotiating for 42 percent of Palestine, while the Africans have not let go of an inch of their territory," said Qadhafi. [Tehran Times]
Wednesday, 24 July, 2002: Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak delivered a speech on Monday to mark the 50th anniversary of the 23 July Revolution which abolished the monarchy and established Egypt as a republic. The speech was delivered as part of the graduation ceremony of a batch of Military Academy cadets. Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi (photo) was present, dressed in military uniform. [BBC]
Wednesday, 24 July, 2002: A Libyan trade delegation is in Venezuela to discuss possible joint oil projects and energy cooperation between the two OPEC nations, a Venezuelan state oil company official said Tuesday. The Libyan delegation of around a dozen members, which included representatives of the Libyan national oil company, had a meeting in Caracas Monday night with Ali Rodriguez, president of Venezuela's state oil giant PDVSA. [Reuters]
Wednesday, 24 July, 2002: Al-Saadi al-Qadhafi (photo), son of Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, scored the first goal Tuesday in a friendly match between Libya's national team and a squad of local players. The Libyan side won the game in northwestern Italy, 5-0. The state-owned Libyan Foreign Investment company owns 7.5 percent of Juventus, the defending Italian football league champions. Last month, Juventus asked the younger Qadhafi to join the club's board of directors. [AP]
Wednesday, 24 July, 2002: Al-Saadi al-Qadhafi, son of Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, caused a bit of a stir in Italian football circles recently when he requested that his club [al-Ittihad] be able to take part in a pre-season Italian tournament with Juventus. Italian sides Reggina and Como were also scheduled to take part in the three-team competition. When Qadhafi asked if his team, al-Ittihad, could also enter, Juve rescinded its invitation to Como. [AP]
Tuesday, 23 July, 2002: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, and Malawi President Bakili Muluzi, rejected critics' charges that Libyan aid would be used to spread Islam in Malawi. "Religion is not an issue," Muluzi told a news conference on Friday. He accused the Malawi opposition of distributing fake letters bearing his signature in which he allegedly asked Qadhafi for millions of dollars in return for spreading Islam in Malawi. Qadhafi also said aid from Arab countries would not be tied to the spread of Islam. [Africa News]
Tuesday, 23 July, 2002: What Qadhafi's crusade through Africa has done is legitimise the concept of undemocratic governance. We [South Africans] all probably breathed a huge sigh of relief last week when Libyan leader Qadhafi finally crossed the border into Swaziland. He left many South Africans wondering how a nation of more than five million people can, for 30 years, allow itself to be ruled by such an eccentric. Yet for three decades, they have done just this without a fuss. Not once have they asked for elections, sought a free media or asked for any of the basic human rights that people across the world believe they are entitled to. [Sunday Times]
Tuesday, 23 July, 2002: The constituent assembly of the Arab Company for Oil and Gas Pipelines between Egypt and Libya held its first meeting in Cairo on Sunday. The newly-established company has been set up under the Egyptian Law on Investment Incentives and Guarantees between Egypt and Libya, with each side holding a 50 per cent stake. The company will take over extending oil and natural gas pipelines from Egypt to Libya. [BBC-MS]
Tuesday, 23 July, 2002: Andrew Young, former U.S. representative to the U.N. told all Africa's Charles Cobb Jr: "I don't think the African Union is [Libya's] Qadhafi's creation at all. It's really much more Mbeki, Nigeria's Obasanjo and Bouteflika of Algeria. I think Qadhafi has attempted to take over an influential role ... I don't know Qadhafi so I really shouldn't make judgements, but when I see his hand in Sierra Leone and Liberia it is not a constructive hand." [All Africa]
Monday, 22 July, 2002: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi and Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak held talks Sunday on various bilateral and regional issues, including the new African Union launched in early July. Qadhafi, who arrived in Cairo on Sunday evening, also discussed with Mubarak the latest developments in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The Libyan leader is due to attend celebrations for the 50th anniversary of Egypt's July 23 revolution. [Reuters]
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Sunday, 21 July, 2002: Libya's General People's Conference, endorsed a protocol Saturday to unify the parliaments of the African Union. The vote came following remarks of Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, who said Africans unified would be able to take on such world powers as the US. He said the new African Union is more advanced than the European Union because the Africans had decided to set up a unified security council, which Europe has still not done. [UPI]
Sunday, 21 July, 2002: A day after settling a lawsuit with RadioShack Corp., former and current employees of the electronics giant -- including a Santa Barbara [USA] man who led the two-year fight -- were trying to make sense of the $30 million windfall. "I have reason to celebrate because we won the settlement," said Omar Belazi, 46, on Wednesday. "But it's for the principle, it's not for the money." "They hired me as a manager and then it came down to me doing other work," said Mr Belazi, who emigrated from Tripoli [Libya] in 1972. "They make you sell, they make you clean, they make you work by yourself. Sometimes I was working for free," he said. [SBNP]
Sunday, 21 July, 2002: Aides to Madagascan leader Marc Ravalomanana said they viewed a visit Thursday by Libyan Minister for African Affairs Ali Triki as recognition of his government following the ousting of his rival in the wake of a power struggle. Ravalomanana has already been recognised as president by countries including France, the US, China and Britain, but the 53-nation African Union, at its inaugural summit in Durban this month, refused to accept him. [Reuters]
Sunday, 21 July, 2002: The U.S. government has imposed economic sanctions on eight companies from China for allegedly selling arms and biological-weapons materials to Iran. Beijing vigorously rejects any accusations of being involved in proliferation activities. Nevertheless, in a report released to Congress on Monday, the U.S.-China Security Review Commission found Beijing guilty of providing "technology and components for weapons of mass destruction and their delivery systems to N. Korea, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Libya and Sudan." [The China Post]
Sunday, 21 July, 2002: US Government prosecutors seeking the death penalty for a man accused of plotting to spy for Iraq, China and Libya are challenging defense arguments that the threat of execution is unconstitutional. In documents filed Friday, U.S. Attorney Paul J. McNulty said Brian Patrick Regan "has no constitutional right to a comparison of his case to other espionage cases in which the death penalty was not sought." [AP]

Saturday, 20 July, 2002: The Libyan and Malawian leaders, Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi and Bakili Muluzi, Friday called on Israel to withdraw from all occupied Palestinian land to bring peace to the Middle East, the Pan-African News Agency reported. The report quoted a communique, issued at the end of Qadhafi's visit to Malawi, as saying that the two leaders also called on the world community to find a peaceful and permanent solution to the Middle East conflict. [Xinhua]
Saturday, 20 July, 2002: Libya has opened a consulate in Glasgow, Scotland, to further its aim of securing the release of the Lockerbie bomber from Barlinnie prison. The consulate will assist, almost exclusively, the needs of Abdelbaset al-Megrahi (photo,) providing a full-time interpreter for the man convicted of the mass murder of 270 people. Libya received permission from the British Foreign Office to open the consulate on 28 May. [The Scotsman]
Saturday, 20 July, 2002: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi and Malawian President Bakili Muluzi, Friday said terrorism should be condemned in all its forms. They called for the convening of an international conference to "come up with an internationally-accepted definition of terrorism." The two leaders also emphasized on the importance of tackling what they said were causes of terrorism such as poverty, foreign occupation and political oppression. [Xinhua]
Saturday, 20 July, 2002: Libyan Secretary for African Unity Ali al-Traiki Friday called for speedy withdrawal of foreign troops from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, reported the New Vision newspaper. Al-Traiki made the call at Entebbe International Airport where he had a one-hour stopover en route to Libya from Madagascar. "The international reconciliation is going on. All foreign forces should withdraw from that country," al-Traiki said. [Xinhua]
Saturday, 20 July, 2002: More than 100,000 Nicaraguans turned out Friday to celebrate the 23rd anniversary of the leftist Sandinista revolution. Foreign visitors at the celebrations include Cuban government representative Julio Rafael Rodriguez, as well as members of leftist parties from Bolivia, Libya, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico and Venezuela. [EFE]
Friday, 19 July, 2002: Throwing fistfuls of cash from his open-top limousine to villagers, Colonel Qadhafi and his flamboyant roadshow rumbled into Malawi Wednesday. It was the Libyan leader's latest stop on his charm offensive across southern Africa. There was little danger of him running out of money to hurl at bystanders on his 218-mile drive from Lilongwe to Blantyre, because one of the cars in his entourage was reported to be stuffed with $6 million in cash. [The Times]
Friday, 19 July, 2002: Libya's Foreign Minister Abdelrahman Shalgam headed Thursday to Spain and Morocco to help ease the tension between the two countries over a disputed islet. Earlier, Shalgam held talks in Tripoli with officials from the embassies of both countries. On July 11, Moroccan soldiers landed on the islet known to Rabat as Leila and Madrid as Perejil. Spanish soldiers Wednesday retook the islet, evicting the Moroccans, and Rabat accused Madrid of a "declaration of war." [AFP]
Friday, 19 July, 2002: In a further sign of the widening gap between South Africa's Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) and the African National Congress (ANC), a senior IFP official has cast aspersions on the capacity of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad) to improve governance in Africa. Albert Mncwango, the IFP's national organiser, asked: "When did Libya last have elections? "Look at the manner in which Zimbabwe is being run." Libya and Zimbabwe are signatories to Nepad, which is ANC president Mbeki's brainchild. [Mail & Guardian]
Friday, 19 July, 2002: Visiting Libyan leader Colonel Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi has pledged to assist Malawi with at least 4,000 tonnes of maize, and also to build a new hospital near the ageing Queen Elizabeth Central in the country's commercial capital, Blantyre. [PANA]
Thursday, 18 July, 2002: If the African Union (AU) does not curb Qadhafi's ambitions soon, it may fare even worse than the OAU. Libya has no recorded history of a free Press. Qadhafi has made no memorable declarations equating freedom of the people with the freedom of their media. Like Mugabe of Zimbabwe, he seems to believe the independent media is an anti-African nuisance because it won't agree with him that he is truly God's gift to his people. [The Daily News]
Thursday, 18 July, 2002: Qadhafi’s son said Tuesday he was investigating the fate of Imam Musa Sadr, the Lebanese Shiite cleric who disappeared during a visit to Libya in 1978. Seif al-Islam al-Qadhafi (photo) said the Iranian government had asked him to intervene in the Sadr case. If Sadr was killed in Libya, then "this happened at the hands of influential groups or individuals who existed then without the knowledge of the higher authorities," Qadhafi told Asharq al-Awsat. "Things like this happened (in Libya) in the past when the old chief of intelligence committed various killings then fled to Germany," he said. Lebanon's Amal Movement holds Libya responsible for the death of Sadr. [Daily Star]
Thursday, 18 July, 2002: An assortment of fabrics worth thousands of US dollars were yesterday presented to the National Ex-combatant Commission by the Libyan Government. Libyan Ambassador Mohammed Omar Talbi made the presentation to First Lady Jewel Howard-Taylor. Talbi pointed out that his Government is concerned about the conditions of the former fighters and that the gesture was his Government's way of identifying with them. [The News]
Wednesday, 17 July, 2002: Libyan leader Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi arrived in Malawi Tuesday as part of his southern African tour since last week's launch of the African Union in Durban. Qadhafi (photo), who flew from Mozambique, was welcomed by Malawi President Bakili Muluzi. Muluzi has repeatedly refuted local allegations that Qadhafi had bank-rolled him to promote Islam in southern Africa. [Xinhua]
Wednesday, 17 July, 2002: Australian Trade Minister Mark Vaile said on Tuesday that a significant order of live cattle for Libya was likely to be announced following his visit to the region. "Next week.. we will hear an announcement by one of the companies of significant orders of live cattle," he said. Libya has been one of Australia's largest export destinations for live cattle, with annual shipments valued at A$59 million in 1997 and A$65 million in 1998. [Reuters]
Wednesday, 17 July, 2002: The announcement by Swaziland that the kingdom will establish formal diplomatic relations with Libya has heightened speculation that King Mswati is seeking a new source of development aid to replace the US. "Investment is wanted to create jobs.. thereby relieving pressure for democratic change, but US assistance comes with a directive toward just such democratic change," said a Western diplomat in Swaziland. But Qadhafi, who has not permitted an election in Libya for 30 years, will not affect Mswati's hold on power. [IRIN]
Wednesday, 17 July, 2002: Libya will train Mozambican troops and invest in the poor southern African nation's agriculture as part of an agreement reached between the two nations during Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi's visit. Libya will also send experts to identify more areas of investment, Mozambique's Foreign Minister Leonardo Simao said. The announcement came as Qadhafi left Mozambique and headed to neighboring Malawi. [AP]
Wednesday, 17 July, 2002: A Libyan technical team will shortly visit Mozambique to discuss the country's debt to Libya, and possible Libyan investment, Foreign Minister Leonardo Simao told reporters on Tuesday. As for the Libyans' repeated violations of diplomatic protocol, Simao played this down. But he agreed with reporters that the Libyan security "was perhaps exaggerated". Some of the Libyan behaviour was quite extraordinary - particularly on the journey from Swaziland to Maputo, when Qadhafi insisted on stopping the motorcade, and talking to a family of peasants while his entourage distributed hundred dollar bills. [AIM]
Tuesday, 16 July, 2002: In his remarks to a brief press conference in Mozambique, Libya's Qadhafi criticised the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), thus putting himself sharply at odds with the African leaders who are promoting NEPAD. "Nobody will teach us democracy", declared Qadhafi. "It [NEPAD] should not impinge upon the internal affairs of countries," he said. "How can we divide a tribe into several parties? We have democracy, we have our tribes. If we want to have parties, then we'll have a party in every village". [AIM]
Tuesday, 16 July, 2002: The Greeks living in Tripoli, Libya, and mostly the Greek women married with Libyans, who were studying in Greece in the 70s, call for the improvement of the operation of the Greek school in the city. According to the newspaper "Patrida", about 3000 Greeks live in Libya today. Their Church belongs to the Metropolis of Cartagena. Also, in the region live many Orthodox Christians from countries other than Greece and the total number of Orthodox Christians is estimated at about 6000 people. [MPA]
Tuesday, 16 July, 2002: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi has rejected a request to cancel $140 million of debt owed by Mozambique. "Mozambique should repay the $100 million," he told dismayed guests at a dinner banquet. It was not clear why Qadhafi did not cite the whole amount. Qadhafi cited verses from the Koran which said that people must pay their debts but that usury was sinful. He said this meant that Mozambique did not have to pay interest on the debt. [Reuters]
Tuesday, 16 July, 2002: Qadhafi offered more money to Mozambique - apparently in exchange for raw materials. "If Mozambique needs capital, we have capital", he said. "We can find an African solution. There are raw materials in Mozambique, and we need them. Libya needs Mozambique. Libya has the money. We need each other," Qadhafi said. [AIM]
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Monday, 15 July, 2002: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, on a tour to build influence in the new African Union, said on Sunday that Western nations had nothing to teach Africans about democracy. "No one will teach us democracy. We have our tradition and we have our own democracy," Qadhafi told reporters at the start of a two-day visit to Mozambique. Qadhafi said that after visiting Mozambique, he would move on to Malawi, Zimbabwe and Zambia. [Reuters]
Monday, 15 July, 2002: Australia's wild rabbits will be heading for Libya as part of an agreement struck yesterday between the two nations. The memorandum of understanding also sets down some of the goals for trade between Australia and Libya. [The Canberra Times]
Monday, 15 July, 2002: Australian Trade Minister Mark Vaile has capped off his visit to Libya by meeting Libya's prime minister Mubarek Al-Shamikh. The meeting was the culmination of a series of engagements with senior ministers, government officials, and Saif al-Islam, the son of Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. It now appears certain Libya will, within the next few months, send its first ambassador to Australia in more than a decade due to the success of Vaile's visit. [Sunday Times]
Monday, 15 July, 2002: North Korea's ceremonial head of state pledged to boost his country's "strategic relations" with Libya, Libya's official news agency quoted him as saying Sunday during a visit to Tripoli. Addressing a banquet hosted by Mustafa al-Kharoubi, member of Libya's Revolution Command Council, Yong Nam said his government and people have "an unwavering will ... to continue developing and boosting the strategic ties with Libya." [AP]
Monday, 15 July, 2002: South Africa's former president Nelson Mandela told relatives of victims of the Lockerbie bombing that Egypt and Tunisia were prepared to let the man convicted over the 1988 atrocity serve his sentence in their country rather than Scotland. Mandela told a press conference following a private meeting with relatives in London that none of them opposed the idea. Mandela had already said that he wished the Libyan national Abdelbaset al-Megrahi to serve his sentence in a Muslim country after visiting him last month in a Scottish jail. [AFP]
Monday, 15 July, 2002: Australia and Libya signed a pact on Sunday outlining goals to build on the A$40 million (US$22 million) in trade between the two countries following the recent renewal of diplomatic ties after 15 years. The memorandum of understanding covered technology transfers and investment links, Australian trade minister Mark Vaile said. Libyan foreign affairs deputy Basher Ali El-Ekkari said that he hoped the Australian delegation visit would restore cooperation between Australia and Libya. [Reuters]
Sunday, 14 July, 2002: A pro-Libyan government news agency that carries speeches by Libyan leader Qadhafi on its website is accusing the South African government of suppressing "alternative independent African media", alleging it was refused entry to cover the launch of the African Union (AU). Mathaba News, which is affiliated to Jamahiriya News, while lauding the launch of the AU and president Mbeki, was critical of the New Economic Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), saying the plan did not have popular support as it "did not consult popular organs". The reports emerged as it became increasingly clear that Qadhafi had failed to get his "lion's share" by securing a more prominent role for himself within the AU. [City Press]
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Saturday, 13 July, 2002: The newly launched African Union (AU) needs to show the people of Africa, and the people of the world, that it does not accept antidemocratic practices, irrespective of the quarter from which they arise. For example, Libya has no constitution and political parties are illegal. But Libya is not an exception when it comes to antidemocratic rule: in Sudan, slavery lives on while a repressive regime continues to rule; Swaziland is without an elected government; and Kenya is beset by corruption, nepotism and general collapse. [Business Day]
Saturday, 13 July, 2002: The favoured son of Libyan leader Qadhafi today said he wanted to strengthen ties between Australia and Libya. Saif al-Islam (photo) said there were many opportunities, both for Australia and Libya, that should be explored. He made the comments after a meeting with Australian Trade Minister Mark Vaile. Amid tight security, Mr Vaile was granted the rare opportunity to talk to Saif al-Islam. The biggest winner out of the meeting was likely to be Woodside Petroleum, with Saif al-Islam indicating support for the company's efforts to win oil exploration leases in Libya. [AAP]
Saturday, 13 July, 2002: Libyan Prime Minister Mubarak al-Shamikh met this morning Algerian Energy and Mining Minister Chakib Khelil within the framework of the meetings of the general assembly of the Algerian- Libyan company for oil exploration and production, Alepco. During the meeting, they followed the implementation of the decisions of the higher committee in the sphere of oil and gas, the conditions of the joint companies, joint work in oil and gas production, in addition to bilateral cooperation in the spheres of oil and gas. [BBC-MS]
Saturday, 13 July, 2002: An outbreak of foot-and-mouth cattle disease has been detected in Zhombe, Zimbabwe, the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation reported Friday. The outbreak, which is the twentieth since August last year, has raised fears of disrupting exports because Zhombe is near a region, which provides beef for export. Zimbabwe is currently in the process of negotiating beef export deals worth millions of dollars with Libya and Malaysia. [Xinhua]
Saturday, 13 July, 2002: The visit to Mozambique by Libyan leader Col Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, originally scheduled for Saturday, has been postponed by 24 hours. Qadhafi is currently in Swaziland. Apparently, Qadhafi's host, Swazi King Mswati III, invited the Libyan leader to stay in Swaziland an extra day, and he accepted. [Agencia de Informacao de Mozambique]
Saturday, 13 July, 2002: Political thinkers are deeply puzzled about what to make of Africa. And some senior African leaders have been prompted to go on a floundering search for solutions. One result is NEPAD. Another is the African Union. Which brings us to the question: how can rulers who are themselves clearly the problem be part of the solution? Dinosaurs like Zimbabwe's Mugabe, Kenya's Daniel Moi, Togo's Eyadema, Nujoma of Namibia and Santos of Angola; criminals like Liberia's Taylor; buffoons like Mwanawasa of Zambia and Muluzi of Malawi; and obstructive showmen like Qadhafi of Libya. [Mail & Guardian]
Saturday, 13 July, 2002: Ivory Coast have confirmed that they have placed an official bid to host the 2006 African Cup of Nations. The CAF authorities now have until September 2002 to choose from five countries, including Egypt, Algeria, Libya and Senegal. [This Day]
Saturday, 13 July, 2002: Fourteen-year-old Ugandan Princess Ruth Komuntale of Tooro is studying in Tripoli, Libya, under a "private arrangement." Philip Winyi, the Tooro kingdom information minister, said Komuntale was in Kampala on a short holiday. He declined to say who was meeting the princess's tuition fees and upkeep. [New Vision]
Saturday, 13 July, 2002: American "Nation of Islam" leader Farrakhan denied a report carried by the Iraqi News Agency, which quoted him as saying, "The Muslim American people are praying to God to grant victory to Iraq" in any war between Saddam Hussein and the US. "That absolutely is not true," He said. The Sun-Times Thursday noted: " ... it remains that Farrakhan is repeating the mistakes of the past. Just as when he squandered the goodwill and recognition he received for the Million Man March by hurrying to Qadhafi's side (where we recall, the Libyan news service declared that he and Qadhafi discussed how to destabilize the US)." [UPI]
Saturday, 13 July, 2002: South Africa has lost a titanic battle to rapidly transform the newly launched African Union into a formidable machine that would police errant nations and kick-start the continent's economic revival after Libya swayed delegates that extra debate was needed on several issues. A senior S. African official however told the Gazette that many African countries would soon find out that most of Qadhafi's proposals were "impractical". [Financial Gazette]
Saturday, 13 July, 2002: Libyan leader Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi's attempts to overshadow Thabo Mbeki at last week's African Union (AU) inaugural summit weren't altogether successful. But Qadhafi did have some supporters in his bid to shove Mbeki aside. Zambia's President Levi Mwanawasa said he would urge fellow heads of state to vote for Qadhafi as AU chair and Tripoli as its parliamentary headquarters. This of course had nothing to do with the US$3 million Qadhafi gave Mwanawasa to pay Zambia's outstanding OAU dues!. [Zimbabwe Independent]
Saturday, 13 July, 2002: The "Rats" of Tobruk buried in Libya today finally got an official tribute. Australian Trade Minister Mark Vaile laid wreaths at both the Tobruk and Akrama Commonwealth war graves. He is believed to be the first government minister to have visited and paid tribute to the almost 1,000 Australian troops buried in this rocky and hot part of the Mediterranean Sea since then Australian prime minister Robert Menzies in 1956. [The Age]
Saturday, 13 July, 2002: At a press briefing today, Imre Boros, Hungarian Democratic Forum deputy, complained that Hungary had to honour a debt accrued 21 years ago. If Hungary fails to pay 7.5bn forints [1 dollar = 280 forints] to Libya within 30 days, the liability will grow to 15bn forints. The deal involves a contract signed by Technika Enterprise and Libya in 1981. Under the contract, three Hungarian companies agreed to sell military listening-jamming systems to Libya. The National Bank of Hungary had undertaken a guarantee for the delivery and the repayment of the deposit. However, the companies did not deliver and the deposit disappeared. [BBC-MS]
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Friday, 12 July, 2002: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi has said there is no evidence to prove Libya is behind any acts of terrorism. Speaking on Wednesday, he said Libya was at the forefront of the battle against terrorists. "We term them heretics, actually. They are non-Muslims. They are outside Islam," Qadhafi told CNN. "I'd like also to reassure the Americans and non-Americans that Libya plays a very important role in fighting terrorism," Qadhafi said. [CNN]
Friday, 12 July, 2002: Australian Trade Minister Mark Vaile began the first official Australian ministerial visit to Libya in more than 30 years. Vaile is leading a delegation of 18 companies representing oil, gas, construction, livestock and grains industries. Vaile said he was pleased to be in Libya, adding there were many opportunities for Australian companies in Libya. [Asia Pulse]
Friday, 12 July, 2002: Libyan leader Colonel Mu'ammar Qadhafi's arrival in Swaziland Thursday brought not only joy but anger as well amongst Swazis after his communications systems blocked all telecommunications systems in the tiny kingdom of Swaziland. [PANA]
Friday, 12 July, 2002: During his four-day visit to Durban, South Africa, Qadhafi thrilled the crowds with an impromptu speech at the public launch of the African Union (AU). But he showed little enthusiasm to respect the ideals of democracy, good governance and respect for human rights that the AU seeks to promote. After days of sirens blaring, Durban's citizens heaved a collective sigh of relief when Qadhafi left town. Newspaper posters adorning street lamps summed up Qadhafi's passage with the simple words: Qadhafi - goats, guns and grenades. [BBC]
Friday, 12 July, 2002: Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi's convoy of armored cars and female bodyguards swept through the tiny African kingdom of Swaziland Thursday as the flamboyant Libyan leader made his way home from an African summit. One hundred Libyan security and protocol officers have been in Swaziland since last week. Another 200 officials are in his motorcade. From Swaziland, Qadhafi will travel to Mozambique this weekend. [Reuters]
Friday, 12 July, 2002: Zimbabwe is renegotiating a US$360 million Libyan fuel deal which expires at the end of this month, as reports emerged that the Libyans have intensified their claim on key Zimbabwean economic sectors. Oil industry sources said Mines and Energy Minister Edward Chininga was in Libya two weeks ago to renegotiate the fuel deal. Zimbabwe is expected to export 12,000 tonnes of beef to Libya under an agreement reached last year but is still to be implemented due to logistical problems. [Financial Gazette]
Thursday, 11 July, 2002: African leaders meeting in Durban agreed to suspend the island nation of Madagascar from the African Union (AU) because its leader, Marc Ravalomanana, came to power under disputed circumstances. They said no leader who came to power illegally would be allowed to be a part of the AU, but took no action against sitting leaders who seized power through force or refused to hold elections. If Libya's Qadhafi, a dictator and international pariah, is given the leading role he seeks, there was little hope the AU's vision would succeed, critics said. [AP]
Thursday, 11 July, 2002: Critics have expressed concern that Libya's Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi would be given a role in the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD). The program, which calls for increased Western investment in Africa, is only supposed to admit nations that adhere to principles of democracy and transparent governance - principles that Qadhafi has never championed. Nigeria's president Obasanjo on Wednesday said Libya's inclusion on the NEPAD should not damage the program. "If Libya comes on it will have to conform," he said. [AP]
Thursday, 11 July, 2002: Australian Trade Minister Mark Vaile said on Wednesday he would push for a return of wheat exports to Libya. Vaile will fly to Tripoli on Thursday on a four-day visit. He is accompanied by a big delegation, including Brendan Stewart, chairman of Australia's wheat exporter AWB. "They (Libyans) are tendering for a significant contract... All I know is that it is in the hundreds of thousands of tonnes of wheat. But the details are confidential," Vaile said during a stopover in Dubai. Libya imports up to 1.5 million tonnes of wheat a year. [Reuters]
Thursday, 11 July, 2002: Libyan leader Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi is expected to pay a three-day visit to Swaziland later this week, his first tour in the tiny southern African kingdom. [PANA]
Thursday, 11 July, 2002: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi stunned his counterparts at the launch of the African Union Tuesday when he muscled his way to the microphone to call on Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe to reconcile with whites in Zimbabwe. [The Citizen]
Thursday, 11 July, 2002: The traditional lead-up to the Italian football season will be held in Libya this year, with the Supercup clash of league champ Juventus and cup winner Parma taking place in Tripoli. The match will take place Aug. 25, after both teams accepted a Libyan offer to play in the country's capital, Italian football league spokeswoman Elena Morini said Wednesday. The state-owned Libyan Foreign Investment company owns 7.5 percent of Juventus. [AP]
Thursday, 11 July, 2002: Al-Ahli football club of Libya paid US$300,000 on Monday to sign Tunisian defender Hamdi Marzouki, the captain of Club Africain. Marzouki was a squad member at last month's World Cup finals in Japan. [This Day]

Wednesday, 10 July, 2002: South Africa took command of Africa's new political union on Tuesday, but it was an unexpectedly bumpy launch. Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi grabbed centre stage and confusion reigned about where and when the African Union (AU) would hold its next summit. South African officials said there was broad support for having a meeting on some Libyan amendments and other unfinished business before the AU's next summit in Mozambique in 12 months' time. But the summit's communique made no mention of the meeting. [Reuters]
Wednesday, 10 July, 2002: Australia will today take the first steps towards building a new trade relationship with Libya. Trade Minister Mark Vaile will this morning touch down in the United Arab Emirates on his way to Libya. The visit has international significance because of President Bush's declaration earlier this year that Libya was a member of the "axis of evil". The US has not raised any concerns, either formally or informally, with Australia about the visit. [Asia Pulse]
Wednesday, 10 July, 2002: Toro kingdom officials yesterday confirmed that Princess Nsemere Komuntale is attending an international school in Libya. The transfer of the 13-year-old Ugandan princess to Libya comes amidst rumours that the princess has been betrothed to a son of the Libyan leader, Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. "I have also heard that rumour but I cannot confirm it," said Toro kingdom spokesman, Philip Winyi. "Honestly it sounds weird to me." [The Monitor]

Tuesday, 9 July, 2002: "They [the Europeans] made us slaves, they called us inferior but we have regained our African name and culture," the purple-robed Libyan leader Qadhafi (photo) told the African summit in Durban, South Africa. In power since a 1969 coup, Qadhafi is one of a diminishing number of African leaders who came to office unconstitutionally and who brook little if any domestic dissent. [Reuters]
Tuesday, 9 July, 2002: Libya will become a member of the steering committee of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) following an agreement reached at the weekend to expand the committee to accommodate 20 member countries. The expansion is part of an effort to include more influential members. Corridor talk is that this is an effort to placate Qadhafi, who previously opposed NEPAD, with a seat at the table. While Libya is not an economic giant in Africa, Qadhafi is able to exercise sway through giving aid to countries. [Business Day]
Tuesday, 9 July, 2002: North Korean number two Kim Yong-Nam is to visit Libya after going to Indonesia this week. "He is to make a four-day visit to Libya from July 12," a senior official said. Yong-Nam may visit Syria and meet President Bashar al-Assad after his trip to Libya. [AFP]
Tuesday, 9 July, 2002: Africa launches a continent-wide union on Tuesday, but leaders know they must convince a skeptical outside world they really mean business. As if to underline concerns in the West that African leaders privately hold widely divergent ambitions for the African Union, Libya lodged last-minute queries about the terms of the venture on the eve of its launch. Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi on Monday proposed amendments to the union's charter that would create a single African country with a single army -- a long held dream of Qadhafi's that has virtually no support in the 53 member states. [Reuters]
Tuesday, 9 July, 2002: Controversial Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi says Africa is at a 'proud' stage where it will not stoop low and beg for aid from the western and industrialised nations. The Libyan president was speaking during the final opening of the 38th session of the Organisation of African Unity. The African presidents gathered to work on the nuts and bolts of the African Union vehicle, set to drive forward the continent's prospects. [BuaNews]
Tuesday, 9 July, 2002: Pak-Libya Holding Company has signed an agreement on June 29 to buy Pakistan's Platinum Commercial Bank. The joint venture of Pakistan and Libya, the Pak-Libya Holding is basically an investment company. This is the second acquisition of a Pakistani bank by a joint venture of the two countries. [Asia Pulse]
Tuesday, 9 July, 2002: Mr Qadhafi said African leaders were not 'children' who needed to be taught how to conduct their lives, culture, tradition and values, adding that any attempt to impose foreign concepts on the African leadership, would be frustrated and rejected. The Libyan president was speaking during the final opening of the 38th session of the Organisation of African Unity. "We are friends to those who are friends to us and we are enemies to those who are enemies to us," Qadhafi said. "We have a right to life and have a place under the sun," he said. [BuaNews]
Tuesday, 9 July, 2002: Uganda's Toro Princess, Nsemere Komuntale, has been transferred from Aghan Primary School in Kampala to a school in Libya. Princess Kamuntale is King Oyo Nyimba Kabamba Iguru's eldest sister. One uncle said that it was very unfortunate that such a thing was being done to such an important person to the kingdom. "We're the uncles and aunts of the girl. But we don't know what is happening to our daughter. This is very unfortunate indeed," he said. The Queen Mother laughed off the allegations. [The Monitor]
Monday, 8 July, 2002: It sounds improbable, but Colonel Qadhafi is planning a secret visit to the Lockerbie bomber in Barlinnie Prison, Glasgow, according to the Sunday Mail. He wants to visit Abdelbaset al-Megrahi, who was jailed for life for the bombing of Pan Am 103 in 1988. "The Libyan leader has ordered his officials to begin confidential discussions with British diplomats to win approval for an astonishing trip to Scotland," the paper reports. [The Scotsman]
Monday, 8 July, 2002: The so-called Five-plus-Five Dialogue forum of North African, European and Mediterranean countries is to meet in Tripoli between July 9 and 11 to discuss the "war on terror" and drug trafficking. The interior ministers from Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania and Tunisia, along with their counterparts from Spain, France, Italy, Portugal, and Malta -- will also broach the topic of security and immigration. Foreign ministers from the 10 countries met in Tripoli in May and called for more coordination concerning the US-led "war on terror." [AFP]
Sunday, 7 July, 2002: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi arrived in South Africa on Saturday ahead of a summit next week to launch the African Union (AU). Qadhafi (photo) was the first of more than 40 heads of state expected to attend the summit, which starts on Monday. Libyan officials say Qadhafi, who is one of the architects of the AU, is angry at being sidelined from the steering committee of the continent's ambitious economic recovery plan -- the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD). NEPAD is to become the economic policy of the AU. [Reuters]
Sunday, 7 July, 2002: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi has suggested that the headquarters of the new African Union (AU) be in Libya, Zambian President Levy Mwanawasa announced on Saturday. Mwanawasa, the outgoing chairman of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) told journalists that he was invited by Qadhafi to Libya where he was shown a newly built village ear-marked for the new body's head office. "Libya has offered its facilities if we decide to move from Ethiopia" where the OAU secretariat is currently based, Mwanawasa said. [AFP]
Sunday, 7 July, 2002: The African Union will replace the 39-year-old Organization of African Unity in a ceremony in South Africa on Tuesday. Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi created the blueprint for the new organization and has never concealed his desire to use it to strengthen his role in the continent and has given large sums of money to poorer African nations in hopes of gaining their support. However, South African President Thabo Mbeki and several other African leaders have worked to limit Qadhafi's role on the continent. [AP]
Saturday, 6 July, 2002: Libyan mosques devoted prayer services Friday to the memory of the 40 civilians reportedly killed in a US air raid on central Afghanistan on June 30. Prayer leaders called the bombing a "massacre" and urged Muslims to "stand up to the infidels," an apparent reference to the United States. Survivors have told of numerous relatives dying in the raid, but US military officials said Friday a joint US-Afghan team failed to find any bodies or graves after a two-day investigation. Libya heavily censors its Muslim clerics, but the harsh words in mosques was in tune with the country's opposition to the US military presence in Afghanistan. [AFP]
Saturday, 6 July, 2002: President Bouteflika of Algeria yesterday met with General Mustafa al-Kharoubi (photo) who was carrying a message from Libyan Leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. The meeting was attended by Foreign Minister Abdelaziz Bilkhadim and the president adviser Abdellatif Rahal. Al-Kharoubi is visiting Algeria to participate in the country's independence day celebrations. [JANA]
Saturday, 6 July, 2002: Australian Trade Minister Mark Vaile said Friday he will lead a trade mission of Australian exporters to Libya next week, the first ministerial visit since 1987. Vaile will lead representatives of 20 Australian companies from the oil, gas, agriculture, technology and services sectors on a four-day visit from July 11-14. Australia suspended diplomatic ties with Tripoli in 1987 but re-established them just last month. Australia was believed to have been losing business to countries such as Canada and Britain, which had already recognized Libya's efforts to distance itself from state-sponsored terrorism and re-established diplomatic ties. [AP]
Saturday, 6 July, 2002: The Italian Super Cup final could be held outside of Italy for the first time after the Italian Football Federation gave permission for Serie A champions Juventus to face Coppa Italia holders Parma in the June 11 stadium in Tripoli. The decision has come about largely because of negotiations by Al-Saadi al-Qadhafi, the son of the Libyan premier Qadhafi. [Yahoo]
Saturday, 6 July, 2002: The Organisation of African Unity ceases to exist on July 9, when the African Union (AU) is to be launched, and South Africa's President Mbeki is determined to make this a party Africa will not forget. He has agreed with fellow presidents to invite the Senegalese football team. The team, which visited Taiwan last month, did more for the Taipei sex industry than for their expectant hosts. No fewer than 32 prostitutes were sent up to service the players. Mbeki visited Tripoli last month to secure Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi's promise not to sabotage the AU launch, which the Libyan leader was known to want to host himself. [Mail & Guardian]
Saturday, 6 July, 2002: Libya was selected as a member of the drafting committee of the Organization for African Unity (OAU) foreign ministers conference which started in Durban, South Africa, yesterday. The committee will be responsible for drafting the resolutions of the conference. It will also make recommendations to be submitted to the African summit next week. [JANA]
Saturday, 6 July, 2002: The envoy of Libyan Leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, Dr. Salem Bin Amer met in New Delhi yesterday with Indian Foreign Minister, Digvijay Singh. Bin Amer is visiting India and Pakistan to mediate in the dispute between the two countries. [JANA]
Saturday, 6 July, 2002: Lafico, the foreign investment arm of the Libyan government, already own a five per cent stake in the Italian Juventus football club, is planning a similar investment in Spanish side Rayo Vallecano. Qadhafi's son Al-Saadi has been invited to visit Rayo's facilities for further negotiations. If an agreement is reached, Libyan teams will be given the chance to use the facilities and coaches at Rayo, while Rayo would play friendly matches in Libya. [Yahoo]
Saturday, 6 July, 2002: African leaders are on a collision course over the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) project ahead of the launch of the African Union (AU) in South Africa next week. Presidents Mbeki of South Africa, Obasanjo of Nigeria, Wade of Senegal, Bouteflika of Algeria and other leaders want to secure the AU endorsement for NEPAD. But, Africa's dictators are sulking. Zimbabwe's President Mugabe and his close ally, Libyan ruler Mu'ammar al-Qadaffi, are apparently opposed to the project. [Zimbabwe Independent]
Saturday, 6 July, 2002: Shareholders of Arab Insurance Group (ARIG) approved a financial restructuring of the Bahrain-based company that aims to wipe out $283 million in losses. The plan involves an injection of $100 million, which will be raised by issuing new shares to existing shareholders and the holders of global depository receipts. The key shareholders are the governments of Kuwait, Libya and the United Arab Emirates. [AP]
Saturday, 6 July, 2002: Caribbean Community leaders set up a task force to help raise more than $250 in soft loans. Discussing the economic troubles Thursday, many nations were reluctant to approach the International Monetary Fund due to tough loan conditions imposed by the bank. The Caribbean Central Bank governor said that many nations are approaching the European Union and other countries including Libya, Japan and Kuwait for low-interest loans. [AP]
Saturday, 6 July, 2002: Guinea-Bissau's former prime minister [Imbali] on Wednesday charged the country's president [Iala] and the attorney general with "political persecution" in accusing and detaining him for alleged embezzlement. Iala charged Imbali with embezzling funds, donated by Nigeria and Libya, about one month ago during his visit to Mozambique. [Xinhua]
Friday, 5 July, 2002: The sentence - passed by the Appeals Court on 23 May 2002 in Case No 10 of 2002 in Muradah, Libya, against the convicted: 1. Ahmad Muhammad Ahmad al-Sharif; 2. Sayyid Muhammad Ahmad; 3. Dahmu Muhammad Abu-Bakr al-Sharif; and 4. Barkah Sidi Jira Barkah - was carried out on [Wednesday] 3 July [2002]. The sentence stipulated the amputation of the right hand and the left leg of the aforementioned persons in punishment after the Prosecution had accused them of seizing by force, using three rifles and a pistol, some vehicles, telecommunications sets, food supplies and a quantity of fuel belonging to the Chinese BJP company for oil exploration at Muradah Police Station district on 30 April 2002. [BBC-MS]
Friday, 5 July, 2002: A delegation of Libyan investors is in Zimbabwe to explore opportunities in tourism and the oil retail sector, local media reported Thursday. The delegation is on a reciprocal visit, which follows an earlier visit to the Libyan capital Tripoli by a team led by Zimbabwean Mines and Energy Minister Edward Chindori-Chininga, to consolidate and strengthen the flow of trade and investment between the two countries. [Xinhua]
Friday, 5 July, 2002: Nylex (Malaysia) said Thursday its wholly owned Tamco Group has secured 70 million ringgit ($1=MYR3.80) in contracts to manufacture and supply medium voltage switchgears to existing and new customers in the Middle East and Australia. Tamco said it received MYR60 million in orders from major power utilities in Dubai, Libya, Bahrain and Oman." The balance of MYR10 million was from a mining company in Australia. [Dow Jones]
Thursday, 4 July, 2002: The long absence of the Libyans from Sierra Leone seems finally to be coming to an end following high-level discussions between the two governments for the re-establishment of full diplomatic relations recently. Foreign Minister Momodu Koroma said that although the Libyan government was one of the strongest supporters of the Revolutionary United Front rebels, they have now cut their support for the group and have been assisting Sierra Leone with humanitarian aids and other developmental needs since. [Standard Times]
Thursday, 4 July, 2002: African leaders will gather in South Africa on July 8-10 to launch the African Union (AU). An extraordinary summit of the Organization for African Unity (OAU) was held in Sirte, Libya in September 1999 to amend the OAU Charter to increase the efficiency of the OAU. Following this event, a decision declaring the establishment of the AU was adopted by the 5th Extraordinary OAU summit held in Sirte, Libya on March 1-2, 2001. [People's Daily]
Thursday, 4 July, 2002: The secretary general of the Arab economic unity council, Ahmad Jweili has announced that the first conference for investment with Africa will be held in Libya in September 2002. He added the conference will be held in collaboration between the Arab economic unity council and the Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa. [Arabic News]
Thursday, 4 July, 2002: Palestinian leader Arafat dismissed two senior security chiefs as part of his efforts to reform security services. Arafat sacked West Bank Security chief Jibril Rajoub and Gaza police chief Ghazi Jabali. Rajoub will be sent to Cairo to serve as Palestinian representative in Egypt. Jabali will be sent to serve as the Palestinian representative in Libya. [UPI]
Thursday, 4 July, 2002: The Malawi government said Wednesday it had uncovered "a sinister smear campaign" intended to stop President Muluzi from seeking a third term. The government said that leader of the opposition, Brown Mpinganjira, was telling his supporters that the President intends to Islamize Malawi with funding from Libya, Iraq, Iran and the Sudan. [Xinhua]

Wednesday, 3 July, 2002: According to a statistical survey carried out by US manufacturers Boeing, between 1992 and 2001 only two mid-air collisions involving commercial jets were recorded, the first in Libya in December 1992 when a Boeing 727 collided with a MiG 23 near Tripoli. There is no information on MiG crew or casualties, but all 147 passengers and 10 crew on the 727 are killed. The other in New Delhi in November 1996, killing a total of 506 people. [AFP]
Wednesday, 3 July, 2002: Libyan Leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi on Sunday received a telephone call from Gabon's President Omar Bongo during which the two Presidents reviewed bilateral relations and discussed current arrangements for launching the African union and topics listed on the agenda of the African summit to be held in South Africa next week. [Arabic News]

Tuesday, 2 July, 2002: Secretary General of the Organisation of African Unity, Amara Essy dismissed speculation in the African press that Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi (photo) might sabotage the launch of the African Union (AU) in South Africa, with South African President Thabo Mbeki as its chairman, in favour of a later launch in Libya. But, without mentioning Qadhafi by name, Essy told African foreign ministers meeting in Durban that "the real enemy of Africa is inside Africa. There are some who try to undermine what we are doing. Maybe some people don't want to launch the AU here. We have no doubt in our mind that the AU will be launched in Durban." [AFP]
Tuesday, 2 July, 2002: Croatia's president said Monday that he has accepted an invitation from Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi to visit Libya sometime in the near future. Stipe Mesic said the invitation was extended during a brief meeting Sunday with Qadhafi's son, Seif al-Islam, who was in Croatia on a private visit. Mesic refused to comment on the U.S. government's decision to keep Libya on a list of countries it says supports terrorism, stressing that Croatia must act in its own economic interest. "Croatia's economic interest is to find markets for its goods," he said, adding that doing business with Libya would create thousands of jobs for Croatians. [AP]
Tuesday, 2 July, 2002: Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) crude oil rose $0.59 last week to an average of $24.55 per barrel, the OPEC Secretariat said. The 11 OPEC members, Saudi Arabia, Algeria, the UAE, Indonesia, Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar and Venezuela, are trying to stabilize the price of crude oil at a minimum of $22 per barrel. [EFE]
Tuesday, 2 July, 2002: Former Burundi President Jean-Baptiste Bagaza returned home on Saturday after four years of self-imposed exile. Bagaza seized power in a bloodless coup on 1 November 1976 and ruled until 3 December 1987. Bagaza lived in exile in Libya, and again in Uganda in 1998 after he was put under house arrest for allegedly plotting another coup. [IRIN]
Monday, 1 July, 2002: Malian President Amadou Toumani Toure on Saturday held talks with Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi in Sirte, 450-km east of Tripoli on recent developments in Africa and the launching of the African Union in Durban, official sources said Sunday. [PANA]
Monday, 1 July, 2002: In its "Development in Africa 2002" report, the African Development Bank said the Moroccan economy provided 6.2 percent or 34 billion dollars of the continent's total GDP. It was preceded by S. Africa, Egypt, Algeria and Nigeria, and followed by Libya, Tunisia, Sudan, Kenya and Angola respectively. Securing a lion share of 77.3 percent of the total African GDP, the 10 countries made up a combined GDP of 422.3 billion dollars. [Xinhua]
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