Libya:
News and Views [ December 2005 ]


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( الأكاذيب الجلية في كتاب الدولة الأموية (2) ) بقلم : سليمان الشجاع

( يا أحفاد بومطاري : الميليشيات هي الحل ) بقلم : مصطفى محمد البركي

( بين الماضي والحاضر ) شعر : ياسين ابوسيف ياسين

النشرة الأسبوعية لموقع ليبيا المختار ـ الموقع الرسمي للأخوان المسلمين ـ ليبيا
http://www.almukhtar.org/almukhtar_letter/

( السيرة النبوية (1) ) بقلم : د. علي محمد الصلابي

لقطات من ندوة حول ذكرى الأستقلال ـ لندن (2)

على هامش قضية الأيدز : ( الزحف الأخضر ـ يناير 2000 : عودة لأنكشارية بنغازي!! )

Saturday, 31 December, 2005: French Foreign Minister Philippe Douste-Blazy will visit Libya on Thursday to offer French "humanitarian and medical" aid to Libya in an attempt to find a solution to the case of the Bulgarian nurses and a Palestinian doctor, sentenced to death for deliberately infecting 426 Libyan children with the HIV virus in Benghazi, AFP reported. [FIA]
Saturday, 31 December, 2005: Libyan Prime Minister Shukri Ghanem has said that the issue of the Bulgarian nurses, accused in deliberately infecting more than 400 children with HIV is completely juridical, Libyan newspaper Libya Today reported in its online edition. According to a statement of the Prime Minister, broadcasted on the Qatar TV channel Al Jazeera, now efforts should be concentrated on the children, "who are subject to a death sentence each day". [FIA]
Saturday, 31 December, 2005: A national conference on the preservation and management of water tables in the desert started Wednesday in Sebha, 800-km south of the Libyan capital, Tripoli. Organised by the Arab Centre for Research on the Sahara and the Faculty of Agronomy of the University of Sebha, in collaboration with the Peoples Committee of Ghat, the conference seeks to shed lights on the importance of water tables in the country's desert zones. [Angop]
Saturday, 31 December, 2005: Leaders from eight African countries will meet in Libya on Jan. 4 for a special African Union (AU) summit on the crisis in Sudan's Darfur region and growing tensions between the country and neighboring Chad. The leaders of Nigeria, Sudan, Eritrea, Egypt, Chad, CAR, Libya and Gabon are expected to attend the mini-summit which comes three weeks before the AU holds its annual summit in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum. [NFR/AP]

( لجنة العمل الوطني ) : بيان بخصوص قضية الأطفال الليبيين المحقونين بفيروس الإيدز

( المؤتمر الوطني للمعارضة الليبية ـ هيئة المتابعة ) : إعتصام داخل السجن في ليبيا

( لقطات من مظاهرة الليبيين في لندن تضامناً مع ضحايا الأيدز ) تصوير : عمر الهوني

( لقطات من ندوة حول ذكرى الأستقلال ـ لندن ) تصوير : عمر الهوني

( جمعية المرأة الليبية ) : دعوة لحضور النشاط الثاني لنادي الطفل الليبي

( تبرة ) : جوائز تبرة 2006     Tibra: Tibra Awards 2006

Friday, 30 December, 2005: Three major U.S. oil companies have announced a resumption of operations in Libya after nearly 20 years as Washington and Tripoli move closer to normalized ties. Amerada Hess, ConocoPhillips, and Marathon Oil said Thursday they will return to their former projects in Libya that they were forced to abandon in 1986. Libya has Africa's largest oil reserves and is looking towards foreign investors to help it capitalize on the natural resource. Exxon-Mobil announced an oil exploration deal in Libya earlier this month. [VOA]
Friday, 30 December, 2005: Next month Australia's Woodside is due to drill the first exploration well in a $US194 million ($A266 million) hunt for oil beneath the desert sands and gulf waters of Libya. The country had been off limits to Western companies due to sanctions imposed by the US and the UN in the 1980s and 1990s in response to terrorist activities. Libya rejoined the international community in 2003 after agreeing to pay $US2.3 billion to the families of those killed in the 1988 bombing of a Pan American flight over Lockerbie in Scotland. [The Age]
Friday, 30 December, 2005: The families of hundreds of Libyan children infected with the deadly HIV virus are demanding $10-million for each child in compensation, Bulgarian TV reported on Wednesday. The sum matches the compensation paid by Libya to families of the 270 victims of the 1988 bombing of a Pan Am flight over Locherbie. Idris Lagha, a lawyer for the families, told Bulgarian reporters that five Bulgarian nurses accused of deliberately infecting 426 children with the HIV virus could have their sentences shortened if the money were paid. [IOL]

( الأحزاب السياسية بين الإطلاق والإغلاق (3) ) بقلم : عيسى عبدالقيوم

( للخير مواسم ترصد ) بقلم : عبدالحميد الكبتي

( لماذا نطالب بتحقيق دولي؟ ) بقلم : علي يوسف زيو

( دور عبدالناصر في تثبيت القذافي ) بقلم : محمد نورالدين

( بين "منطق السفينة" و"منهج الخرق" (4) ) بقلم : د. فتحي خليفة محمد عقوب

The Aids' Case: A Load Heavier Than What The Camel Can Carry?    By: Ghoma

Thursday, 29 December, 2005: East Sudan's key rebel faction said on Wednesday Libya was no longer fit to broker peace in eastern Sudan, accusing Tripoli of facilitating negotiations that seem designed to split the eastern rebel alliance. Amna Dirar, Vice President of the Eastern Front, said her group was expecting to travel to Tripoli for peace talks with the Sudanese government in January. But media reports in Libya announced this week that Sudanese government officials had signed an agreement in Tripoli with the leader of the Rashaida Free Lions. [Reuters]
Thursday, 29 December, 2005: FedEx Express has brought the world closer to its customers in the Middle East and North Africa by introducing its service to Libya and Algeria through a network of Global Service Participants (GSPs). FedEx is now able to connect Libya with the rest of the world. The company's role as one of the world's leading drivers of international trade will be a significant asset to Libya and its business community as the country works towards developing its economy and opening its market to the rest of the world. [Strategiy]

تعازي

The Committee For Libyan National Action In Europe : Press Release

( الرقيب لحقوق الأنسان ) : استمرار صدور الأحكام الظالمة

Wednesday, 28 December, 2005: A tug-of-love mum today said she was willing to risk her own safety to be at her daughter walk up the aisle in the New Year. Anita Elgirnazi's five eldest children were kidnapped five years ago and are now living with their father Azzedin Journazi in Libya. Her daughter Rumaysa, now 17, is due to marry a Libyan man next year, but one of her children's abductors is expected to be at the Islamic wedding. Mrs Elgirnazi, of Saxlingham Thorpe, fears that trouble could flare if she attends the ceremony, She is also scared of travelling to Libya alone after she said her ex-husband threatened her on a previous visit. However, she would risk her own safety if her daughter wanted her to be at the wedding. She said: "It's my daughter's wedding and if she wants me to be there, I will". [Norwich Evening News]
Wednesday, 28 December, 2005: Bulgaria's Ambassador has sent a note to the consulate directorate of Libya's foreign ministry asking that the authorities issue a visa for Doctor Zdravko Georgiev. Georgiev, who was arrested along with the five nurses in Libya and spent over six years in jail with them, but was acquitted when they were sentenced to death, has not been allowed to leave Libya. The decision of the Libyan authorities whether to issue a visa will be known in two weeks. The doctor has voiced his concerns that something might go wrong again. [SNA]

( الطلعة البهيّة لكتاب الدولة الأموية ) عرض وتلخيص : أحمد الكرغلي

( "بابا نويل" وهدية العيد للممرضات البلغاريات!؟ ) بقلم : سليم نصر الرقعي

( الأحزاب السياسية بين الإطلاق والإغلاق (2) ) بقلم : عيسى عبدالقيوم

( منطوق الحكم.. ومنطق الواقع ) بقلم : أسعد العقيلي

( الرابطة الليبية لحقوق الأنسان ) : ( ليبيا : اعادة فتح ملف نقص المناعة المكتسبة )

( المؤتمر الوطني للمعارضة الليبية ـ اللجنة الأعلامية ) : ندوة حول ذكرى الأستقلال

( يا فرعون من فرعنك؟! ) بقلم : د. جاب الله موسى حسن

( نساهي العقل ) بقلم : ناجي الفيتوري

( في قلوبهم مرض فزادهم الله مرضا (2) ) بقلم : محمد الصيد

( الأكاذيب الجلية في كتاب الدولة الأموية (1) ) بقلم : سليمان الشجاع

( الإلتباس في مفهوم الفروض الكفائية عند الحركيين!! ) بقلم : د. عبدالحكيم الفيتوري

Tuesday, 27 December, 2005: Libya is suspending talks on compensation for the families of more than 400 HIV-infected children (photo: Nesma al-Wershifani one of the infected children). It comes a day after Libya's supreme court quashed a death penalty verdict against six foreign medics accused of deliberately infecting the children. Earlier this month, three-party talks between the families, a Bulgarian NGO and a European Union representative got under way. There were demands of $10m in blood money for each family. Negotiations were set to continue on the 28 December. [BBC]
Tuesday, 27 December, 2005: A decision by the Libyan supreme court to overturn death sentences against five Bulgarian nurses and a Palestinian doctor has outraged families who say the medical workers infected their children with the HIV virus ... Awad al-Mesmari, a lawyer for the families of the infected children, said he was saddened by the verdict. "What did the children do so that they suffer now? We have buried 50 of them, may God bless them." Another lawyer for the families said the six would still be found guilty. "The verdict will delay achieving justice for years because the retrial takes a long time. We will be ready and we have enough evidence to incriminate them," Ramadan al-Faytouri said. [The Sydney Morning Herald]
Tuesday, 27 December, 2005: The new trial against Bulgaria's nurses in Libya is likely to take about six months, Libyan solicitor Osman Bizanti [photo] believes. It is still unknown whether the nurses will be taken back from Tripoli to Benghazi jail, the Libyan defender of the Bulgarians has said. On Monday, Bizanti was talking to journalists shortly after receiving Sunday's court ruling on paper. [SNA]
Tuesday, 27 December, 2005: In a statement to al-Jazeera, Foreign Minister Abdelrahman Shalgam denied Libya's response to any political pressures in order to retry the Bulgarian nurses and the Palestinian doctor who are accused of transferring infected blood with HIV virus to Libyan children. Shalgam said that talking about a political dimension to this case "is an ignorance of the criminal dimensions." He explained that the case has taken a mere legal process, as the supreme court in Tripoli accepted the appeal in the execution sentence from the side of the defendant, and decided to repeat the trial before another court at Benghazi criminals court. [Arabic News]
Tuesday, 27 December, 2005: "The agony on the Libya AIDS case will continue for rather a long time", the Arabian studies expert Kiryak Tsonev told Darik radio on the decision of the Supreme Court in Tripoli to bring the verdict back to previous instance. "Benghazi could again pronounce "in favor" or "against" the verdicts. If it's "in favor", we would again have to appeal...", he said. A long way is still ahead of the Bulgarians, he added. Asked about the time the trial would take, Tsonev replied that it would take at least one or two years more. [FIA]
Tuesday, 27 December, 2005: U.S. State Department Spokesman Justin Higgins has defined the decision of Libya's Supreme Court as "a positive development since it removes the risk of a death sentence being carried out", Reuters reports. "The international community is working with Libya to find an overall solution. As we have made clear before, we believe a way should be found to allow the medics to return to Bulgaria and Palestine", Justin Higgins adds. [FIA]

تعزية

( المؤتمر الوطني للمعارضة الليبية ـ هيئة المتابعة ) : لا للمساومات على دماء أطفالنا

( ماذا بعد الاعـتصام؟ ) بقلم : آدم إرقيق     ( قرب الدعاء.. ) شعر : المبروك الزوي

اضافة الى ( الدجاجة وانفلونزا الطيور : مازلت نا هي نا ) شعر : بن شويخة

( الدجاجة وأنفلونزا الطيور : مازلت نا هي نا!! ) شعر : شحّات الفاخري

Monday, 26 December, 2005: Relatives of HIV-infected Libyan children assaulted Bulgarian journalists in Tripoli after Sunday's ruling of the Libyan Supreme Court. The incident took place after the Court ordered a re-trial of the case against the Bulgarian nurses and the Palestinian doctor charged with infecting over 400 children with HIV. The Court returned the case to a lower court in Benghazi. The relatives were throwing stones at the guards but once they saw the Bulgarian journalists covering the case they began throwing stones at the journalists. [SNA]
Monday, 26 December, 2005: There has been a broad international welcome for a legal decision in Libya to retry six foreign medics convicted of deliberately giving children HIV. Libya's supreme court overturned death sentences against five Bulgarian nurses and a Palestinian doctor. They have always denied intentionally infecting 426 children with contaminated blood. Bulgaria's president said the ruling "confirmed our hope that justice in this case will prevail". [BBC]
Monday, 26 December, 2005: Today's decision by the Libyan Court would not have been possible in case Bulgaria and Libya had failed to reach an agreement to set up international Fund to help the infected children and their families, the Expert on Libya-related issues Saad Djabar from the British Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House) said in an interview for BNR. The next court will definitely not come out with death sentences and if there is a decision for imprisonment, the nurses would be transferred to serve their sentences in Bulgaria where the Bulgarian President will be able to amnesty them immediately, Saad Djabar said. [FIA]
Monday, 26 December, 2005: More than 100 local, Arabic and foreign publishing houses are taking part in the Second Int'l University Book Fair at Al-Fatah University. Chairman of the fair organizing committee Dr. Mohammed al-Fetori Abdul-Jalil said the fair comprises several halls at the Faculties of Medicine and Agriculture with 260,000 titles of practical and research sciences such as Medicine, Engineering, in addition to Computer Science and other areas. [LJBC]

( الأحزاب السياسية بين الإطلاق والإغلاق (1) ) بقلم : عيسى عبدالقيوم

انتخاب مجلس إدارة جديد لمنظمة "ألفا"

( وثيقة وصورة ) أعدّها للنشر : ابراهيم اقدورة و د. مصدّق أبوهدمة

( من الذى حقن اطفال ليبيا بالايدز؟ ) بقلم : علي يوسف زيو

مجلة "الأذاعة" ـ ديسمبر 1967م : ( د. وهبي البوري : ذكرى استقلال ليبيا )

( أي ولع انساني متأصل في جذور السياسة؟ ) بقلم : سالم محمد

( بحر "جون" بانفيل يجتاح صحراء الحياة ) بقلم : صلاح الحداد

( جماعة الوطنيين الديمقراطيين الليبية ) : فى ذكرى إعلان الإستقلال

The Theater Of The Absurd!    By: Ghoma

Sunday, 25 December, 2005: Libya is to announce the amount of amends for the AIDS Infected Children on December 28th, chairman of the Association of the the distressed Libyan children’s families Idris Laga said, as cited by newspaper Libya Today. "The principle of amends has been embraced by the other side, but the issue here is how to formulate it", Laga said. He also added that talks will go on regardless of what the ruling of the Supreme Court in Libya will be. The chief executive of Qadhafi Foundation has announced that bringing the relatives of the AIDS suffering children to the table for discussions is a serious achievement, bearing in mind that parents have been long refusing to communicate with the Bulgarian side. Darik radio reports. [FIA]
Sunday, 25 December, 2005: Libya's Supreme Court could rule by the end of the year on the fate of five Bulgarian nurses sentenced to death for deliberately infecting children with the HIV virus, a Bulgarian Foreign Ministry official said. The case has stalled Libya's attempts to improve ties with the West. The nurses, and a Palestinian doctor, were convicted of intentionally infecting 426 children with the HIV virus. About 50 of the children have died. The court will hear an appeal on Sunday, with a final verdict possible several days later, Foreign Ministry spokesman Dimitar Tsanchev told Reuters. The appeal comes amid increased optimism the nurses could be released after Libya and Bulgaria, the European Union and the United States agreed to set up a fund to provide financial and other help for the sick children and their families. [Reuters]

( الأرث الناصري... ) بقلم : طارق القزيري     ( انتحر يا معمر ) بقلم : ادرار نفوسه

24 ديسمبر 2005م : عيد الأستقلال     ( عيد الإستقلال.. ) بقلم : سليم نصر الرقعي

( الأخوان المسلمون ـ ليبيا ) : نعم لاستقلال القضاء لا للتدخلات الأجنبية

استقالة نائب رئيس منظمة "ألفـا" وأحد أعضاء مجلس الإدارة

الأتحاد الدستوري : ( من أجل نشر وترسيخ وعي دستوري : (3) الشرعية الدستورية )

Saturday, 24 December, 2005: Libya confirmed Friday that it had reached a deal with Bulgaria to create a fund for AIDS-infected children in Libya, where five Bulgarian nurses face execution after being convicted of causing the infections. "An agreement was reached between Libya and Bulgaria, in partnership with the EU, the US and Britain, for the creation of an international fund," said a senior executive of Qadhafi Foundation. "The deal covers three areas -- financing treatment of Libya children suffering from AIDS, improving and equipping the specialist hospital in Benghazi and help to the families of victims," the source said. [Turkish Press]
Saturday, 24 December, 2005: Bulgarian and EU officials have agreed with Libya to set up an int'l fund to offer financial assistance to the families of AIDS-infected children in the Libyan city of Benghazi, Bulgaria's Foreign Ministry said Friday. The move was part of int'l efforts to secure the release of five Bulgarian nurses and a Palestinian doctor sentenced to death for allegedly intentionally infecting some 400 children with HIV as part of an experiment. The fund agreement was struck in Tripoli on Thursday at a meeting of British, U.S., Bulgarian and Libyan government officials, as well as officials from the European Commission and the Qadhafi Foundation. [Pravda]
Saturday, 24 December, 2005: The Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency has delivered 14kg of low-enriched uranium to Libya, the agency said Friday. The fuel is meant as a substitute for the highly enriched uranium fuel brought from Libya on March 8, 2004. The low-enriched uranium was produced by the Novosibirsk chemical concentrate plant in Siberia, currently being integrated into the TVEL Corporation, a leading world manufacturer of nuclear fuel, the agency said. The uranium will be used at the Tajura research reactor, the agency said. [RIA Novosti]
Saturday, 24 December, 2005: The Libyan secretary for the public security committee, Naser Al-Mabrouk, and the French minister of state for territorial communities, Brice Hortefeux, signed a draft cooperation agreement in security matters Thursday in Tripoli. Al-Mabrouk highlighted the importance of cooperation between the two countries in the field of security through exchanges of visits, experience and information sharing. On his part, Hortefeux hailed relations between the two countries in different fields, highlighting the France`s willingness to consolidate it. [Angop]
Saturday, 24 December, 2005: The physical and mental condition of the five Bulgarian nurses sentenced to death in Libya is very bad. That was announced by the son of doctor Zdravko Georgiev, husband of one of the nurses who was also jailed but then acquitted in Libya. The relatives of the nurses visited them in Libya ahead of the Christmas holidays. On December 25 Libya's Supreme Court will hear the case of nurses. The date for the session was rescheduled from January 31, 2006. On May 6, 2004 the Bulgarians were sentenced to death by firing squad. They were pronounced guilty of deliberately infecting 400 Libyan children with HIV. [SNA]

كتاب "ملامح من تاريخ الحركة الطلابية الليبية" (9)

( العودة إلى أرض الوطن!! ) بقلم : محمّد قدري الخوجة

( لجنة العمل الوطني ) : دعـوة الى الإعتصام تضامنا مع ضحايا فيروس الإيدز

( العرب وأساطير الفرص الضائعة ) بقلم : فرج أبوالعـشة

( الحقوق ... للأقـلية الأمازيغُـفونية في ليبيا ) بقلم : موحمد ؤمادي

( حكم النيابة أكرم وأرحم من حكم الوصاية؟! (2) ) بقلم : سليم نصر الرقعي

Friday, 23 December, 2005: The families of five Bulgarian nurses charged with infecting Libyan children with the HIV virus were allowed to visit them in their jail for the holidays, officials said. The five nurses and a Palestinian doctor have been sentenced to death for allegedly infecting the children, charges they deny. Europe and the U.S. have put mounting pressure on Libya to free them, and the issue has become an obstacle to Qadhafi's efforts to improve ties with the West. A court is to hold its latest hearing on the medics' appeal of their sentence Sunday. [BBC]
Friday, 23 December, 2005: France and Libya signed in Paris Thursday a fiscal convention to avoid double taxation, first of its kind between Libya and an OECD [Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development] country, said French Trade Ministry. The agreement was signed by French junior minister for Foreign Trade Christine Lagarde and Libyan Finance Minister Mohamed Ali El-Huwej. The agreement will greatly contribute to the rise of exchanges in trade and industry and tighten French-Libyan ties, French Trade Ministry said. [Xinhua]
Friday, 23 December, 2005: Libyan Culture Minister Mehdi Emberesh Wednesday signed 27 multimillion dollar contracts aimed at maintaining and renovating cultural and archaeological sites in the country. The contracts are valued at 22 million dinars ($US 1 = 1.4 Dinars), and they will involve the equipping with cutting-edge technology of many cultural centres in Libyan cities. The projects, to start in early 2006, will take between eight to 18 months to be completed. [Angop]
Friday, 23 December, 2005: Libya has inaugurated a hotel in the Chadian capital N'djamena with the aim to enhance investment and cooperation between the two countries. The five star hotel was executed by the Libyan Company for African Investment. [LJBC]
Friday, 23 December, 2005: Liberia's president-elect Ellen Johnson Sirleaf has thanked Libyan leader Qadhafi for his efforts for the return of peace, security and stability in her country. Speaking in Tripoli Wednesday evening, Sirleaf said she had come for consultations with Libyan authorities on ways to strengthen African solidarity and get advise from Qadhafi. [Angop]
Friday, 23 December, 2005: The draw for the 2006 African Champions League has been released by the CAF. Sixty teams will feature in the first round of the competition with the first and second legs taking place between 17-19 February and 3-5 March respectively. Round 1: ... Al Ittihad (Libya) v JS Kabylie (Algeria) ... [Al-Ittihad] plays at home in the first leg on the weekend of 17-19 February. The return legs will be played on the weekend of 3-5 March. [BBC]

( تاوالت ) : ملف الأمازيغية على موقع الجزيرة ( الأمازيغ.. الرجال الأحرار )
http://www.tawalt.com/letter_display.cfm?lg=_TZ&ID=3489

( الرابطة الليبية لحقوق الأنسان ) : ( ليبيا : الأجور والمرتبات مرة أخرى؟ )

( الرقيب ) : اعتصام نشطاء حقوق الإنسان أمام السفارة الليبية في لندن

( الرقيب ) : ( بعض الصور من الاعتصام : عدسة الرقيب )
http://www.libya-watch.org/lwhr05_M_pic211205.html

( الرقيب ) : بيان بمناسبة اعتصام التضامن مع سجناء الرأي في ليبيا

( لقطات من مظاهرة لندن التي نظمتها مؤسسة "الرقيب" ) تصوير : عمر الهوني

لقطات من الأعتصام الذي نظمته جمعية المختار في سويسرا تضامناً مع سجناء الرأي

Thursday, 22 December, 2005: Libya's Supreme Court has brought forward to Dec. 25 its hearing on the appeal of five Bulgarian nurses sentenced to death for infecting Libyan children with HIV and will issue its ruling on Jan. 31, their defence lawyer said on Monday. The appeal hearing was brought forward "...in response to the defence demand based on the health and psychological conditions of the defendants, who see their cases taking more than seven years," the nurses' head defence lawyer Othman Bizanti (photo) told Reuters. "I believe the court will conclude the hearing of December 25 by announcing January 31 as the date for pronouncing its ruling on the appeals," Bizanti said. [Reuters]
Thursday, 22 December, 2005: In a room on a clinic's second floor, a young woman named Ferial lies on her side, wrapped in a red blanket with an IV in her arm. She once dreamed of being a doctor, but she has not gone to school in two years. "She feels like she cannot face the other people," said Ferial's mother, Zakia Zoubi. "She feels like people look at her like she is sick or inferior." Now 18, Ferial became HIV-positive in 1998, during a stay in Benghazi's Al-Fatah Children's Hospital. About 430 children have been infected with the virus - deliberately and at the hands of foreign nurses, many Libyans believe. "We want punishment for the nurses and help for Ferial," Zoubi said. Although the five Bulgarian nurses, remain in prison under a death sentence, Ferial's family and others might not get their wish. The Libyan government, which has promoted the conspiracy theory for more than five years, is trying to find a way out of the quandary. [KRT]
Thursday, 22 December, 2005: Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki today left for Tripoli for a working visit in Libya and Egypt. In the course of the visit, the President will discuss bilateral and regional issues with Presidents Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi of Libya and Husni Mubarak of Egypt, as well as issues concerning the Sahle-Saharan community of States (CEN-SAD). [Shabait]

حسن الجهمي : مسمار في نعـش حقوق الإنسان العـربي يبدأ دقه في سويسرا

( هيئة المتابعة ) : دعوة للمشاركة في الاعتصام أمام السفارة الليبية في لندن

عادل الزاوي : ليبيون يوضحون حقيقة الملف الليبي للسويديين

Libyan Opposition Delegation: "To: The Swedish Migration Board"

( الوسطية في القرآن الكريم ( 17 ـ الأخيرة ) ) بقلم : د. علي محمد الصلابي

( مع الأستاذ فوزي عبدالحميد ) بقلم : سليمان الشجاع

( القول الفصل في الحدث الهزل : هكذا... وقعت الكارثة ) بقلم : صلاح عبدالعزيز

( حكم النيابة أكرم وأرحم من حكم الوصاية؟! (1) ) بقلم : سليم نصر الرقعي

( صحفية أمريكية تصف فردوس القذافي ) ترجمة : مخضرم

( باب على البحر وأبواب على الصحراء ) شعر : عمر الكدي

( أغنى امرأة في العالم ) بقلم : مصطفي محمد البركي

Wednesday, 21 December, 2005: "I do not expect any final decision for the fate of the Bulgarian medics in Libya to be taken on Dec. 25," the renowned Arabic scholar Vladimir Chukov told FOCUS Radio. "I think that the reappointment of the case is positive news," he added. "Apparently the meeting between the [Bulgarian] association for friendship with Libya and the relatives of the infected with the AIDS children that took place 20 days ago gave some result ... It is possible for the court to have another session on Jan. 31 and come up with a final decision. I am one of those who think that Libya is interested in solving the case," Chukov said. [FIA]
Wednesday, 21 December, 2005: Russian oil company Tatneft and the National Oil Corporation of Libya signed a contract at the end of last week for the exploration and development of block N82-4 in Libya, the Tatneft press said. "Tatneft is the first Russian company to start cooperating with [Libya] in the oil sphere under production sharing conditions," the press release said. The document will come into effect after it is approved by the Libyan parliament. [New Europe]
Wednesday, 21 December, 2005: The Registrar of Trademarks at the Libyan Ministry of Economy and Trade announced that the requirements for filing trademark applications in Libya have been changed as of Dec. 20. A certified copy of the certificate of registration in the home country or any foreign country is sufficient for the registration of trademarks in Libya. A legalized copy of the certificate of registration in the home country is no longer required. Other requirements for filing trademark applications in Libya remain the same. [IG-IP]
Wednesday, 21 December, 2005: In December 1975, armed gunmen raided the OPEC headquarters in Vienna, Austria, and took 62 people hostage but 30 years later mystery still surrounds the identity of those responsible for the three killings that took place in what was Austria's worst terrorist incident ... The terrorists temporarily detained before being allowed to depart for Libya. Qadhafi was directly accused in a 2002 book by German journalist Oliver Schroem "In the Shadow of the Jackal".Three decades after the OPEC attack, Qadhafi is now internationally accepted and has regular business relations with the outside world. He has renounced terrorism and compensated some of the victims with large sums of money. [NewKerla]

( المؤتمرات الشعبية على قوائم العلاج فى الخارج ) بقلم : عيسى عبدالقيوم

( الرقيب ) : على ليبيا أن توقف "الإرهاب الإعلامي" على إذاعة "صوت الأمل"

( عصمة القائد ) بقلم : ناجي الفيتوري

( إلى دعاة التصالح...!! ) بقلم : د. جاب الله موسى حسن

( المؤتمرات واللجان الشعبية والثورية.. أشياء مؤقتة ) بقلم : جلال أحمد فرج الوحيشي

( تقدير وعرفان للأستاذ مصطفى السراج ) بقلم : د. فوزية بريون

Tuesday, 20 December, 2005: Freedom increased around the world this year, says Freedom House, a U.S.-based nonprofit organization, in its annual report set to be released tomorrow. The report calls 2005 one of the most successful years since Freedom House began measuring world freedom more than three decades ago ... But Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan now share a dubious distinction: the lowest possible rating on political rights and civil liberties. Only six countries worldwide shared that status: North Korea, Libya, Cuba, Syria, Sudan, and Myanmar. [Rferl]
Tuesday, 20 December, 2005: As part of a national AIDS control Week (17-22 December), the Libyan Centre for the prevention and control of transmitted diseases, Sunday staged several sensitisation events targeting school children in Tripoli. The activities included conferences on the modes of transmission and prevention of AIDS and a drawing competition for pupils. [Angop]
Tuesday, 20 December, 2005: Ukraine intends to invest heavily in oil and gas extraction in Libya, as declared Borys Tarasyuk, Foreign minister of Ukraine, after his meeting with Abdurrahman Shelgam, Foreign Minister of Libya. "According to preliminary estimates, Ukrainian investments will make about two-three million dollars," declared Tarasyuk. [For-Um]
Tuesday, 20 December, 2005: US Federal and state financial regulators announced that they are levying $80 million in fines against Dutch lender ABN Amro Bank NV for violating money-laundering laws and sanctions restricting dealings with Iran and Libya. [Reuters]

تعازي

( الاخوان والبلغار والمقرحي .. وأهالي الضحايا ) بقلم : علي الفرجاني

( المؤتمر الوطني للمعارضة الليبية ـ هيئة المتابعة ) : نداء لدعم إذاعة صوت الأمل

( الوسطية في القرآن الكريم (16) ) بقلم : د. علي محمد الصلابي

( الرقيب : ظلم ذوي القربى أشد مضاضة ) بقلم : ابن الأخوان

( عجيب أمر حكام زماننا ) بقلم : محمد نصر

Libya Watch : Letter To The U.N. High Commissioner For Human Rights

( اذاعة صوت الأمل ) : حول موقع التشويش على الأذاعة

( تشـاد : البكاء الزائف ومطمع الحكم ) بقلم : محمّد قدري الخوجة

Monday, 19 December, 2005: On Friday, 19 December, 2003; Libya has made a surprise announcement undertaking to destroy its arsenal of weapons of mass destruction. The government of Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi has also agreed to allow weapons inspectors into Libya immediately and unconditionally to oversee the elimination. [BBC]
Monday, 19 December, 2005: The Bush administration had stopped short of suggesting Syria become the Arab world's latest experiment in democracy. President Bush demanded for the first time that Syria "stop exporting violence and start importing democracy" ... [Syria's President] Assad will not "do a Qadhafi" -- the words of Syria expert Joshua Landis -- and suddenly become the kind of dictator America likes, namely, Libya's Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. [Chicago Tribune]
Monday, 19 December, 2005: African Union (AU) commission chairperson, Oumar Konare arrived in Tripoli Saturday for consultations with the Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi on preparations for the 6th AU ordinary summit scheduled in Khartoum, Sudan in January. [Angop]

( فوز الأخوان ) : بقلم : فرج أبوالعـشة

( لماذا يجب أن نشارك جميعا في "اعتصام الرقيب"؟! ) بقلم : جمعة القماطي

مجلة "الأذاعة" : ( الفنان سلام قدري يقول : لم أغنّي منذ ثلاثين عاماً!! )

( وجهان لعملة واحدة : رجال السياسة ورجال الدين ) بقلم : سليمان الشجاع

( اعتصموا ... مهما يكن الأمر ) بقلم : طارق القزيري

كتاب "ملامح من تاريخ الحركة الطلابية الليبية" (8)

Sunday, 18 December, 2005: Libya's highest court has again rescheduled a ruling on the death sentences of six foreign health workers accused of infecting children with HIV. It was to hear the appeal of five Bulgarian nurses and a Palestinian doctor at the end of January 2006, but will now hear it on 25 December. Reports of the new date came from Bulgaria's foreign ministry. [BBC]
Sunday, 18 December, 2005: A second lawsuit against the sentenced Bulgarian nurses in Libya is scheduled to be heard today, Ambassador Zdravko Velev told FOCUS News Agency. The suit was brought by parents of Libyan children who had already died of AIDS in Benghazi. [FIA]

تعازي

( خدع ليبيا القديمة!! ) ترجمة : مخضرم

The Washington Times : Libya's Old Tricks

( المؤتمر الوطني للمعارضة الليبية ـ هيئة المتابعة ) : بيان

مجلة "الاذاعة" ـ الستينات : ( في الأدب العربي المعاصر ) بقلم : مفتاح الشريف

( جمعية الجالية الليبية ـ مانشستر ) : نشاطات للأولاد خلال عطلة رأس السنة

( حقوقنا الضائعة (3 ـ الأخيرة ) ) بقلم : عبدالونيس محمود الحاسي

( كبوس... فرملة... زميتة... والزمان!! ) بقلم : د. ولد البحر

( سعيد سيفاو وعمرو النامي : أمازيغيان في مواجهة الطغيان ) : بقلم : موحمد ؤمادي

Saturday, 17 December, 2005: Despite some positive steps taken by Libya in the past few years to normalize relations with Europe and the United States, the government of Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi has proven that it neither respects the fundamental rights of its citizens nor can be trusted to observe the norms of international law. The regime's ruthless campaign to silence dissenting views, a campaign that until recently extended no further than Libyan borders, now targets the global telecommunications system and cannot be tolerated. The case of a little satellite radio station that sought to beam a message of hope and freedom into Libya and the regime's aggressive counterstrike should shatter any doubt about Lybia's potential for reform and Col. Qadhafi's respect for international law. [The Washington Times] ( click here for details )
Saturday, 17 December, 2005: Persons who are harmed by the Libyan al-Zaweyah incidents, in which 35 persons were killed following an attack by one Libyan group against Sudanese and Africans in 2000, continued their sit-in for the fourth running day before the headquarters of the UN mission in Khartoum, Sudan, in protest of what they called the neglect of both the Sudanese and Libyan governments for their case which is five year old. Several affected persons demanded opening an immediate file into the incidents and demanded the UN and the Libyan government to carry out its obligations to pay compensations for the killed and injured. Others called on Sudan to compensate those who returned from Libya for the damage inflected on them. [Arabic News]
Saturday, 17 December, 2005: Turkish Petroleum Corporation (TPAO) increases oil research activities in Libya. TPOC, an affiliate of TPAO for international activities, signed an agreement with the Libya National Oil Company in Tripoli. The Agreement will be effective following the approval of the Libya General Public Assembly. With this, a five-year research period will allow for digging two wells, seismic activities, as well as data collection. [Zaman]

( صوت الأمل لن ينقطع ) بقلم : سليم نصر الرقعي

( الرابطة الليبية لحقوق الأنسان ) : حملة متواضعة لمعرفة مصير السيد الكيخيا

( الفرص الضائعة (10) ) بقلم : فرج الفاخري

Friday, 16 December, 2005: The health inspector at the General Peoples Congress (GPC), Alhbib Tamir, has stressed that Libya is free of bird flu H5N1. In a statement to the press, Alhbib said that the rumors of the outbreak of H5N1 in the Libyan city of Benghazi are baseless. He added that all the necessary preventive measures have been taken. The Secretariat of GPC has decided to keep working to prevent this flu and to follow transparency through the mass media to give the facts and to make people aware of the means to deal with this disease. [LJBC]
Friday, 16 December, 2005: Relatives of Bulgarian medics on a death row left Thursday for Libya in a bid to meet with their beloved ones on the eve of Christmas. They anticipate to be allowed to visit the five nurses in Judeyda prison and boost their spirits. The Supreme Court of Libya has adjourned the hearing of the appeals of the medics' death sentences from Nov. 15, 2005 to Jan. 31, 2006. The Tripoli trip is financed by the government, which has entirely engaged with the financial and juridical defense during the trial, lingering for nearly seven years. [SNA]
Friday, 16 December, 2005: "According to a new study from the Swedish Crime Prevention Council, BRA, it is four times more likely that a known rapist is born abroad, compared to persons born in Sweden. Resident aliens from Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia dominate the group of rape suspects. According to these statistics, almost half of all perpetrators are immigrants. In Oslo, Norway, immigrants were involved in two out of three rape charges in 2001. [Front Page]

تعزية     تعزية     تعزية     تعزية

( الرقيب ) : نداء من أجل إطلاق سراح المواطن الليبي عبدالله أبوبكر

( هيكل الجزيرة ) بقلم : ناجي الفيتوري

( بين "منطق السفينة" و"منهج الخرق" (3) ) بقلم : د. فتحي خليفة محمد عقوب

( الرقيب ) : اعتصام أمام السفارة الليبية بلندن يوم الأربعاء القادم

Thursday, 15 December, 2005: The United States, which exported 350,000 tonnes of wheat to Libya last year, has been knocked out of the North African country's wheat market this year by fierce competition from Australia and Europe, officials say. "Libya has been a leading buyer of US wheat over the past three years but this year we had been unable to withstand competition from Australia, Europe and Black Sea region," said Peter Loyd, an official from a US wheat exporters association, addressing a meeting with Libyan officials and business figures. Libya imported 350,000 tonnes of US wheat in 2004 but it had bought not a single tonne of the US commodity this year. Ali Belaid, a government official, said Libya imported one million tonnes of wheat and 800,000 tonnes of flour each year to feed its population of about five million. [AAP]

( الرقيب ) : التأجيل للمرة الرابعة بمحاكمة سجناء الإخوان المسلمين

( صوت الأمل ) : تعليق حول رد الحكومة الأمريكية بخصوص التشويش

( خارطة الدموع ) بقلم : عيسى عبدالقيوم     ( وللفرسان مواقف ) بقلم : صلاح عبدالعزيز

Wednesday, 14 December, 2005: An agreement has been reached on setting up an int'l financial mechanism, to enable a compromise acceptable for both sides in the trial of five Bulgarian nurses sentenced to death for the alleged intentional infection of more than 400 Libyan children with HIV. The agreement was reached on Monday at a meeting between a Bulgarian non-government organisation and the association of the parents of the infected children in Tripoli, mediapool.bg reported. The Qadhafi charity foundation also participated in the discussions. [Sofia Echo]
Wednesday, 14 December, 2005: "Ukrainian Foreign Affairs Borys Tarasiuk is to make official visits to Egypt and Libya on December. 20 - 21," the Ukrainian Foreign Ministry's official spokesman Vasyl Filipchuk said today in a news briefing. The visits are aimed at giving an additional impetus to development of bilateral relations with these countries. [NRCU]

( الأخوان المسلمون ـ ليبيا ) : استمرار حـبس الأخوان المسلمين في ليبيا

The Wretched of The Earth Get Together    By :Ghoma

محمد علي رحومة : ( يضل من يشاء ويهدي من يشاء )

( حقوقنا الضائعة (2) ) بقلم : عبدالونيس محمود الحاسي

( من وثائق الجبهة : يحى عـمرو الأخ.. والعـميل..!! ) بقلم : محمّد قدري الخوجة

Tuesday, 13 December, 2005: Libya's ambassador to Saudi Arabia returned to Riyadh on Sunday after nearly a year of absence. According to the London-based Al-Hayyat, Dr. Muhammad Sa'id Al-Qashat resumed his post on Sunday, and the Saudi ambassador to Tripoli is expected to return to Libya shortly. Relations between Saudi Arabia and Libya soured last year after an alleged plot was revealed to assassinate Saudi Crown Prince Abdallah Abd Al-Aziz, who is now the king. Saudis seized five members of the Libyan intelligence service who were allegedly involved in the plot. Riyadh recalled its ambassador to Tripoli last December and expelled the Libyan envoy from Riyadh. Al-Qashat told Al-Hayyat that talks have intensified over the past few weeks to reach an agreement and allow the ambassadors to return to their original posts. Abdallah became king in August following the death of the late King Fahd. He soon issued a general amnesty and approved the release of the five Libyan officers. [Media Line]
Tuesday, 13 December, 2005: Undiplomatic is a mild way of putting it: an incendiary letter penned by Labour MEP John Attard Montalto is feared could undermine Maltese and European efforts to rope in Libya in the fight against irregular immigration. Seen by MaltaToday, the letter is addressed to the Libyan ambassador to Malta Saad El Shlmani, to whom Attard Montalto gives “instructions” on how to deal with the European Parliamentary delegation ahead of their arrival in Tripoli last week. Devoid of diplomacy or any etiquette, Attard Montalto tells the ambassador, a PhD in international relations "there is a strong suspicion that Libya is not only closing a blind eye but encouraging irregular immigration to Europe." Driving the point further, Attard Montalto suggests "that Libya proposes joint maritime surveillance" with other countries. [Malta Today]
Tuesday, 13 December, 2005: Indonesian state oil company Pertamina will start drilling operations in Libya in February next year, the company's spokesman, Mochamad Harun, said on Monday. He said the contract for the exploration and production of oil in Sabratah and Sirte fields was signed last Thursday by Pertamina's vice president Mustiko Saleh and chairman of Libya's National Oil Corporation, Abdullah S. al-Badri. He said Pertamina had provided US$49.1 million for the drilling operations for the first five years of explorations. Pertamina won the bid for oil explorations in Sabratah (off shore) and Sirte (on shore) on October 2. [Antara]
Tuesday, 13 December, 2005: Romanian Foreign Minister Mihai-Razvan Ungureanu met Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi during a two-day visit to Libya. Ungureanu presented Qadhafi a message from President Traian Basescu and also offered him a hunting dagger as a present from the president. According to Ungureanu, in his letter Basescu informed Qadhafi about Romania's desire to develop strong bilateral economic relations with Libya and suggested the revival of the joint economic cooperation commission as well as the joint financial committee. Ungureanu said the dialogue with Qadhafi achieved positive results, as the Libyan leader had agreed that "the world has changed" and "economic cooperation" is very important. [Daily News]
Tuesday, 13 December, 2005: Hopes the Oasis Group of U.S. companies could make a swift return to Libyan oilfields mothballed for nearly two decades have foundered as the two sides haggle over terms. "We can do without them," said Libyan Energy Minister Fathi Omar Bin Shatwan, but he also said discussions were ongoing to try to overcome disagreement. The Oasis Group, which brings together Amerada Hess Corp., Marathon Oil Corp. and ConocoPhillips left Libya in 1986 after U.S. sanctions were slapped on Tripoli and are eager to return for far longer than Libya would like. Since the U.S. eased sanctions in 2004, another U.S. company Occidental resumed operations in Libya this year, but talks to bring back the Oasis Group have proved far more difficult. "We thought we would reach agreement very quickly. We reached agreement very quickly with Occidental ... but there are some problems that we are still discussing with the Oasis Group," Shatwan told Reuters. The Oasis Group's leases on its prized Libyan oilfields, held under a "standstill agreement," expire this year. [Reuters]

تعازي

( حقيقة الحقد الأمريكي عـلى الجزيرة!! ) بقلم : فرج أبوالعـشة

( الأستاذ الكيخيا مثال للتسامح والاعـتدال ) بقلم : د. الهادي شلوف

Sawt al-Amal: Libya Jammed Media Satellites...

( المؤتمر الوطني ـ هيئة المتابعة ) : في ذكرى اختفاء المناضل منصور الكيخيا

( الغيبوبة!! ) بقلم : د. جاب الله موسى حسن

( أصدقاء الموتى ...!!! ) بقلم : عبدالرازق المنصوري

( رد عـلى نقد السيد ارحومة لمقالتي "مناوشات نظرية" ) بقلم : سالم محمد

( اضطراب مفهوم الحاكمية عند الحركيين!! ) بقلم : د. عبدالحكيم الفيتوري

( تباريح وأشواق يا أمي ) بقلم : زكريا عمر امبيق

مصطفى محمد البركي : ( اللي تغـلـبّـه ألعـبّـه )

Monday, 12 December, 2005: The United States is satisfied with the smooth development of U.S.-Libyan relations, and is willing to deepen the ties, a senior U.S. official said Sunday, according to reports from Tripoli, capital of Libya. The visiting U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs, David Welch, said U.S.-Libyan ties have made obvious progress since the two countries re-established diplomatic relations not long ago, during his talks with Libyan Prime Minister Shukri Ghanem. The two sides talked about strengthening cooperation in the next phase in various fields, especially in investment and science and technology. [Xinhua]
Monday, 12 December, 2005: Libya's Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi honored the Mother of America's Civil Rights Movement, Rosa Parks, on the 50th anniversary of her historic stand December 1. Minister Abdul Akbar Muhammad, int'l representative of Minister Farrakhan, along with representatives from the Caribbean, Africa and ambassadors from throughout the world gathered in Tripoli for this historic tribute. Minister Farrakhan arranged for the Libyan foreign ministry to invite Judge Adam A. Shakoor, the first Muslim judge in America, to join the Libyans in paying tribute to Ms. Parks. Judge Shakoor is a co-trustee of the Rosa L. Parks Trust, along with Elaine Steele, who is responsible for Minister Farrakhan speaking at Ms. Parks' funeral. [Final Call]
Monday, 12 December, 2005: Libyan Energy Secretary Fathi Shatwan said on Sunday he thought the minimum price for oil should be $40 per barrel, noting that $60 was a good level for everybody. Arriving in Kuwait on the eve of a meeting of the 11-nation Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), Shatwan also added his voice to a growing chorus of ministers supporting an extra meeting in January to discuss concerns about an expected slump in demand for energy in the second quarter. Analysts predict the powerful cartel will have to cut its current production quota of 28 million barrels per day (bpd) early next year to counter the drop in demand. Shatwan said: "40 dollars is the minimum... it is the red line for us." [PG]
Monday, 12 December, 2005: Libya and UNESCO have signed an agreement for the execution of a national plan of information and communication technologies (NICT) under which all higher education institutions in Libya are going to have Internet facilities. The agreement was signed Thursday by UNESCO's deputy director general in charge of communications and computing, Dr Abdelwahid Khan, and the permanent secretary of the Libyan general people`s committee for higher education, Dr Abdelkabir Al-Fakhri. UNESCO is going to be in charge of putting in place the project's basic infrastructure. The agreement said 13 March 2006 will be the date to execute the first stage of the project, which will included digital libraries, educational sites and information and communication technology facilities for distance learning. [Angop]

( دعـوة صادقة ) بقلم : محمد نصر

( خرافة آدم ) بقلم : حكيم

( قضية الإيدز : الشعرة التي قصمت ظهر البعير ) بقلم : آدم ارقيق

تاوالت : ( تامكتيت نـ ؤمالوا (ذاكرة الظل) : رسوم متحركة باللغـة الأمازيغـية )

( جماعة الوطنيين الديمقراطيين الليبية ) : منصور الكيخيا ضحية القمع والخيانة

Sunday, 11 December, 2005: Romanian Foreign Minister Mihai-Razvan Ungureanu will leave today for a two-day official visit to Libya, the Romanian Foreign Ministry announced in a statement. As Ungureanu said recently, the visit will be aimed at re-establishing relations with the Arab states. The issue about the release of the Bulgarian medics facing death over charges for deliberately infecting Libyan children with AIDS will be one of the topics of the talks between Ungureanu and the Libyans. "In talks with Libya every European states has demanded the release of the Bulgarian nurses, and we'll follow suit", the Romanian Foreign Minister said. [FIA]
Sunday, 11 December, 2005: An illegal immigration racket has been busted in India with the arrest of one Rakesh Chopra who had allegedly duped several youngsters hailing from Himachal Pradesh on the pretext of sending them abroad. More than a dozen victims had approached the police on Dec. 7 which prompted the arrest. In April, Chopra allegedly established his credibility with the victims by inducements, false representations and by showing fax correspondences of his firm with Sezai Turkies Fegzi Construction reportedly based in Tripoli in Libya. [Indian Express]
Sunday, 11 December, 2005: At a recent official dinner, [British Prime Minister Tony Blair] regaled his table companions with a story about the time in March 2004 when he met the Libyan leader Colonel Qadhafi in a tent in the desert. The two leaders were swapping small talk ... when a camel unexpectedly poked its head through the awning. There was an awkward silence as officials did their best to remove the unwanted animal before Blair piped up: "If you don't mind me asking, why do you have the camels here?" According to the prime minister's own account, the Libyan president looked astonished at his visitor’s stupidity. "We didn’t want the camels at all," said Qadhafi, somewhat gruffly. "Your people asked if we could provide camels. They thought it would make a good photograph." [Times On Line]

تعزية

Who Kidnaped The Former Libyan Minister ..?    By : Tareq al-Najjar

المسحان : في ذكري اختطافه ... أين منصور؟

هشام التاجوري : هكذا احتفلت ليبيا في الماضي بذكرى اعلان حقوق الانسان

( اذاعة صوت الأمل ) : رد الحكومة البريطانية بخصوص التشويش على إلاذاعة

الرابطة الليبية : ( آن الأوان لتحديد مسؤولية حكومة مصر فى اختطاف الكيخيا )

( منصور رشيد الكيخيا يتحدث ) بقلم : محمد بن احميدة

( شيطان الفيتوري ) بقلم : ناجي الفيتوري

( شالوم ... يا خبيبي ) بقلم : صلاح عبدالعزيز

( يا أصحاب البسملة و"السفتـله" ) بقلم : الزواري

( حقوقنا الضائعة (1) ) بقلم : عبدالونيس محمود الحاسي

( جمعية الجالية الليبية ـ مانشستر ) : دعوة لحضور حفل عشاء

جمعية المرأة الليبية : ( المنتدى الأول للفتاة : فتاة الغد ... إلى أين؟ )

Saturday, 10 December, 2005: Today, Iraq is the only country in the region where all shades of opinion can freely compete for power through elections. From Trotskyites on the far Left to the pan-Arabists on the far Right, and passing by Islamist, monarchist, liberal, socialist and democratic parties, the entire spectrum of opinion and ideology is on offer in Iraq. It is also the only country where ideas and policies that could land their exponents in jail or in front of firing squads elsewhere, are freely discussed in an open market-place of opinions and ideologies. All one needs to do is to ask what would happen to anyone who advocated a constitutional monarchy in the Islamic Republic of Iran; and where would a Social Democrat end up in Syria, not to mention the fate of an Islamist in Tunisia and a Liberal in Libya. [Arab News]
Saturday, 10 December, 2005: Hydro formally assumed the operatorship of block 146-1 in Libya's Murzuq basin on Thursday. Hydro won the license on October 2 after competitive bidding. The exploration license is situated southeast of Hydro’s prolific exploration and production portfolio in the Murzuq basin. The new license will enable Hydro to build on extensive experience gained over the last 10 years in the basin. The minimum work commitment for the 2,492 square kilometer license is shooting 750 kilometers of 2-D seismic and drilling two wells. [Oil Voice]
Saturday, 10 December, 2005: BG Group PLC has signed three exploration and production-sharing agreements (EPSAs) for onshore Libyan Blocks 123 (1) and 123 (2), in the Sirte basin and onshore Area 171 (Blocks 1, 2, 3, and 4), in the Kufra basin. BG owns 100% of and will operate the EPSAs for Blocks 123 (1) and 123 (2), which cover a total 4,750 sq km, and hold a 50% interest in the EPSA for Area 171, which covers 11,000 sq km, in partnership with Statoil ASA, the operator. [OGJ]
Friday, 9 December, 2005: A French court ordered the Libyan government and six intelligence officials convicted over the 1989 downing of a French airliner over the Sahara to pay more than 3.5 million euros ($4.1 million) in damages to the victims's families. The ruling concerns 245 people who were not covered by a Jan. 2004 deal between Libya and Paris, which offered $170 million in compensation for the bombing of the UTA aircraft over Niger. The six officials, convicted in absentia by a Paris court in 1999, were ordered to pay 2,430,600 euros to the 245 claimants, while Libya was sentenced to pay an additional 1,152,500 euros. [TerraNet]
Friday, 9 December, 2005: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi met Tuesday with visiting Guinea-Bissau President Joao Bernardo Vieira on how to strengthen the African Union (AU) towards creating the United States of Africa. Official sources said the two leaders also discussed preparations for the sixth AU summit due in Khartoum, Sudan in January. [Angop]
Friday, 9 December, 2005: US State Department Briefing, Dec. 8 : US Assistant Secretary Welch is visiting the Middle East. He left yesterday, I believe, for Israel and the West Bank and North Africa. In Israel and the West Bank, he will obviously be following up on the Secretary's recent visit... He will also be traveling to ... Tunisia, Algeria and Libya. [USInfo]

تعازي

On Civic Institutions?    By :Ghoma

( طرابلس ) شعر : عاشور بشير الطويبي     ( المجتمع المدني ) بقلم : د. الهادي شلوف

   ( يـَحبـِك ليخنـُق ) بقلم : الزواري     ( ثقافة القمع ) بقلم : سليمان الشجاع

( كل ليبي آدمي .. الا من أبى ) بقلم : صلاح عبدالعزيز

Thursday, 8 December, 2005: Reporters Without Borders [RWB/RSF] today called for Libya to be hauled before the Int'l Telecomm. Union (ITU) after British and US diplomats accused it of deliberately blocking broadcasting on two int'l satellites in order to jam a London-based radio station that tried to beam programmes about human rights and free expression to Libya. "Not content to silence its own press, the Libyan government also targets foreign news media that dare to criticise it," RWB/RSF said. "But in the process of silencing the British and Arab-owned radio station Sowt Alamel, Libya also jammed many other broadcasts and it should therefore have to answer for its actions before the ITU, of which it is a member." [RWB/RSF]
Thursday, 8 December, 2005: "Libya lacks organisation and strategy to deal with immigration" said Maltese MEP Simon Busuttil who is leading the European Parliament's Subcommittee on Human Rights (EPSHR) in Libya to discuss illegal immigration. Busuttil said that this must be deemed as a common problem for the European Union. "We want to send the Libyan authorities a very specific message: we are not here to point the finger at them or to ask them to police Europe's borders. We are here to seek cooperation on a common problem", he added. The visit of the six MEP's from the EPSHR was a follow-up to an earlier visit by another delegation to the island of Lampedusa, who like Malta have quite a big problem with illegal immigration. [Di-Ve]
Thursday, 8 December, 2005: Three liver transplant operations were conducted successfully on Tuesday in Tripoli. The transplant surgeries were carried out on three women by Dr. Ihtewish Farij and German Dr Johanson Shila with the assistance of a group of Libyan doctors and nurses at Tripoli Medical Center. In a press conference, attended by the donors and the patients, Dr. Ihtewish said that such operations would have cost € 500,000 if they were done abroad. [LJBC]
Thursday, 8 December, 2005: One of the most wanted men in the ongoing insurgency in the deep South has been arrested by Malaysian special branch police, who have quietly handed him over to their Thai counterparts. Manase Jeloh, 35, was handed over on Tuesday (Dec 6) to the deputy national police chief, General Priewphan Damapong. Manase used several names, including Chakarim Useng Cheloh, Kasim Bin Chelah and Ustas Seng, the source said. He is believed to have undergone about four years of training in Libya. [ANN]

( كوابيس القذافي... والتردد الأمريكي ) بقلم : زكريا سالم صهد

Wednesday, 7 December, 2005: Libya is seeking to increase its oil production, which has dropped drastically during seven years of international sanctions. Energy Minister Fathi Ben Shatwan (photo) said at a meeting with senior ministry officials Monday the target production is 2 million barrels per day by the middle of 2006. Libya's production dropped to 1.7 million bpd when it was under sanctions for its role in the bombing of a U.S. airliner over Scotland in 1988. Its production in the 1970s was more than 3 million bpd. Shatwan underscored the state's interest in developing oil refineries in order to increase production capacities and enter the field of petrochemical industries. He said the ministry's plans aim at doubling oil investments in the country and expanding concessions for oil prospecting. [UPI]
Wednesday, 7 December, 2005: Libya's national football team will play three matches to prepare the squad for the African Cup Nations to be played in Cairo in Egypt from 20 January to 10 February. The Greens, now training in the United Arab Emirates, will play against Togo in Tripoli before the end of December, on 2 January they will play in Qatar and in Tunisia they will play on 12 January, a Libyan Football Association official, Abdelmajid Al-Kamichi, said. [Angop]
Wednesday, 7 December, 2005: Relatives of the five Bulgarian nurses sentenced to death in Libya will travel to Tripoli for Christmas, reports say. One representative of the family of each nurse will receive a visa for the trip, the Bulgarian news agency announced. In May 2004 Libya found the five Bulgarian health workers and a Palestinian doctor guilty of having caused the death of 40 children and of infecting almost 400 others with HIV at the Benghazi hospital. [SNA]
Wednesday, 7 December, 2005: Uganda and Libya have signed a deal to set up a $22m instant coffee plant in the country. The agreement was signed between the Uganda Coffee Development Authority (UCDA) and the Libyan Arab African Investment Company (LAAICO) on Monday. LAAICO will initially control 85% shares in the company which will be known as Uganda Coffee Corp. The remaining 15% will be held by Uganda largely in form of land and other infrastructure, Henry Ngabirano, the UCDA managing director, said. “But the private investors will be free to take up the Government’s 15% stake and later some of the Libyan shares,” he said. [New Vision]

( من جديد .. حول المجتمع المدني ) بقلم : عيسى عبدالقيوم

( صوت ليبيا ) : اعلان     ( صوت ليبيا ) : توضيح للرأي العام

( أفواج المغفلين ) بقلم : ناجي الفيتوري

( مناوشة المناوشات ) بقلم : محمد علي رحومة

( في قلوبهم مرض فزادهم الله مرضا (1) ) بقلم : محمد الصيد

( بين "منطق السفينة" و"منهج الخرق" (2) ) بقلم : د. فتحي خليفة محمد عقوب

( يا عصابة المافيا لا تستهينوا بالشعب الليبي ) : بقلم : مصطفى محمد البركي

Tuesday, 6 December, 2005: ExxonMobil said it has signed a deal with Libya to explore offshore energy deposits covering 2.5 mln acres. The agreement covers the Cyrenaica Basin Contract Area 44 lying in water up to 3,050 m in depth, and was awarded in a second round of licensing in October. "We are pleased to be back in business in Libya with our success in the second licensing round," said Phil Goss, president of the ExxonMobil subsidiary, after the deal with Libya's National Oil Corporation. Libya has proven oil reserves of 36 bln barrels, according to OPEC figures, but only a quarter of its territory is covered by exploration contracts. [AFX]
Tuesday, 6 December, 2005: Libya's foreign affairs secretary at the People's General Congress, Souleiman Shehoumi, Saturday urged parliaments of several African countries to take the necessary measures needed to speed up the ratification of the African Union (AU)'s Constitutive Act. Shehoumi was speaking in Tripoli with speakers of the national assemblies of Namibia, Somalia and Togo, as well as with vice- presidents of the national assemblies of Cote d'Ivoire and Niger, and a member of the parliament from Mauritania. [Angop]
Tuesday, 6 December, 2005: The freedom of the Bulgarian medics in Libya, sentenced to death on accusations of infecting with HIV Libyan children, will be a point in the talks of the Romanian Foreign Minister Mihai Ungureanu during his visit in Libya on Dec. 10 and 11. The goal of the visit is to restore the political and economic dialog between the two countries. "In the bilateral dialogged with Libya each of the European countries insist on the freeing of the Bulgarian nurses and we will do the same," Ungureanu said. Ungureanu will meet his Libyan counterpart Abdelrahman Shalgam and the Prime Minister Shukri Ghanim. [BNN]

تعـازي

( أحقا توجد إشكالية بين الإسلام والعـولمة؟! ) بقلم : فرج أبوالعـشة

( مؤسسات المجتمع المدني بين الأنتماء وحرية القرار ) بقلم : يوسف المجريسي

( احتجاج على تشويش القذافي للأقمار الصناعية ) ترجمة وتعليق : مخضرم

الرابطة الليبية لحقوق الانسان : ( ليبيا : تبعية منظمات المجتمع المدني )

Monday, 5 December, 2005: Libya has waged a jamming war against the West in a successful effort to stop a [Libyan] opposition radio station. So far, British and U.S. officials said, Libya has succeeded in disrupting U.S. military communications in the Mediterranean Sea. The jamming also blocked dozens of television and radio stations in Europe. Officials said the confrontation began in September when a British-based [Libyan] opposition radio station began to broadcast to Libya. The station, Voice of Libya [Sawt Libya], was meant to be a commercial enterprise that reported human rights violations by the regime of Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi (photo). Within minutes of its launch, the radio station as well as other broadcast networks were jammed. Officials said the jamming ended when the Voice of Libya went off the air. [MENL]
Monday, 5 December, 2005: A company from Little Ferry, in Newark, US, and its vice president admitted last Wednesday to ignoring US federal sanctions and selling aircraft parts to a Libyan company. Richard Greenleaf, the former vice president of NewCal Aviation Inc., pleaded guilty in US District Court to one count of false statements to the Department of Commerce in connection with the sale of non-military parts to Mediterranean Aviation Company Ltd in Malta. Greenleaf, 46, of Emerson, made about 30 sales between April 2002 and April 2004. Mediterranean Aviation, known as Medavia, used the parts to refurbish existing airplanes, according to court papers. Greenleaf faces a maximum sentence of five years in prison and a $250,000 fine. Sentencing for NewCal and Greenleaf is scheduled for 7 March. [Malta's Independent]
Monday, 5 December, 2005: After nearly 20 years of sanctions from the United States and United Nations that hampered its development in so many ways, Libya is poised to return to play a major role in the international scramble for oil. “There are many, many people who are descending into Tripoli to talk to the same people we’re talking to,” said Clarence Cazalot, the chief executive of Marathon Oil, Houston, Texas, during a brief overnight trip for a business conference and a private meeting with the Libyan prime minister. Awarded a contract in the first Libyan tender for the prospecting of 25 oil and gas sites, this consortium intends to invest at least US $21 million in this project. Petrobras, which owns 70% of the enterprise, will serve as the “leader and operator.” Peter Zeihan, senior analyst at Houston-based Strategic Forecasting, a private intelligence service, said: “Libya has almost become a normal nation again.” [ITP]
Monday, 5 December, 2005: Former Iranian president Mohammad Khatami stressed that dialogue among civilizations and religions, particularly between Islam and Christianity, is unavoidable, IRNA reported. Addressing a large number of Lebanese scholars, cultural figures and religious leaders, he said dialogue among religions can end misunderstandings in today's world. Khatami arrived in Beirut from Spain on Wednesday to attend a gathering on human development from the viewpoint of different religions as well as discuss the thoughts of kidnapped Lebanese Shiite leader Imam Mousa Sadr. Imam Mousa Sadr was kidnapped during an official visit to Libya on August 31, 1978. His whereabouts have not been known since then. [IranMania]

تعازي

Libya and the U.S. : Qadhafi Unrepentant    By : Mohammed El-Jahmi

( الصفقة الضيزى : مقايضة الفيروس بالارهاب ) بقلم : ادرار نفوسة

( مسئولية النظام الليبي عن تفشي الجرائم الأقتصادية ) بقلم : د. الهادي شلوف

( استهداف الجالية الليبية ) بقلم : فاطمة محمود

( دعاهن إيحادي فيكم!! ) بقلم : طارق القزيري

Sunday, 4 December, 2005: Hundreds of Libyan children staged a sit-in at Tripoli's airport on International AIDS Day Thursday to protest their peers being infected with the HIV virus. The children distributed badges and stickers to travelers as they brandished placards demanding capital punishment for Bulgarian medics convicted of having injected 400 Libyan children with the virus since 1998. Among the 400 young HIV carriers, 51 have died from AIDS so far. A Libyan court convicted the medics of the crime and sentenced them to death in May last year. The Higher Court is now looking into a challenge of the sentence made by the convicts. [UPI]
Sunday, 4 December, 2005: The General Company for Post and Telecommunication has signed a multi-million contract with Swedish giant Ericsson to set up a new mobile network in Libya. Ericsson will supply its 3G network with 2,5 million subscribers, GSM technologies, voice, voicemail, SMS, MMS and GPRS - using broadband and unlicensed radio spectrum such as WiFi or Bluetooth. Ericsson will also offer support and training. The €58 million contract was signed by Eng. Mohammed al-Qadhafi (photo) and Carl-Henric Svanberg, President and CEO of Telefonaktiebolaget LM Ericsson. [LJBC]
Sunday, 4 December, 2005: Morroco and Libya signed on Friday four agreements and an executive program to promote cooperation in various fields. The four agreements provide for promoting cooperation in justice, higher education, fisheries and industry, while the executive program seeks to promote cooperation in tourism, MAP news agency reported. The agreements were signed at the end of the works of the 7th High Joint Commission meeting, co-chaired by Moroccan Primier Driss jettou and his Libyan counterpart Shoukri Ghanem. [Morocco Times]
Sunday, 4 December, 2005: Libya held their UAE counterparts to a 1-1 draw in their low-paced international friendly at Sharjah Stadium on Friday. Omer Dawood headed home the perfect corner of the Libyan forward Khalid Hussain to put the North Africans ahead 39 minutes into the first half of the slow-paced clash. This was also the result at half-time. Right from the beginning of the second half, the hosts showed some improvement and Abdelrahim Juma netted the equaliser in the 15th minute with a lovely short range right footer from inside the box. [Khaleej Times]
Sunday, 4 December, 2005: Armed bandits killed a French tourist in Niger's remote desert north by machine-gunning the car he was travelling in after it failed to stop at a road block. The area around Agadez, an ancient trading town in the Sahara desert, was the base for Niger's nomadic Tuareg rebels ... Some say they have had to resort to acts of banditry to survive, usually ambushing and stealing cars which can be sold for a huge profit over the border in Libya, many days drive north over sand and desert mountains. [Reuters]
Sunday, 4 December, 2005: Jose Maria Aznar was prime minister of Spain between 1996 and 2004 and is currently a visiting professor at Georgetown University. At the launch of a major report on reforming NATO in Brussels, UPI spoke to the center-right politician ... Q. Do you believe the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq has made the terrorist threat greater? A. No ... The action against Iraq has had positive consequences in Libya, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, the Middle East peace process. If democracy is established in Iraq, the defeat of the terrorists could be total. [UPI]
Sunday, 4 December, 2005: Can a diplomatic mission be taken to court for violating the host country's labour laws? This question became pertinent at the Industrial Court yesterday in a case in which the Libyan embassy [in Guenea] has been sued by a former employee for breach of employment contract. Guinean Amadou Oury Bah, who used to work at the embassy as a translator, is suing his former employers for terminating his services without settling his severance pay. During the hearing yesterday, his lawyer, Mboki Chilisa argued at length that the Libyan embassy is not covered by diplomatic immunity in the case. [The Reporter]

( المؤتمر الوطني للمعارضة الليبية ـ هيئة المتابعة ) : بيان

( عندما يُجرّ المجتمع المدني من ذيله ) بقلم : عيسى عبدالقيوم

جديد موقع "هنا اجدابيا" : ( مبنى "المتصرفية" ـ القصة الكاملة )

( مناوشات نظرية (2) ) بقلم : سالم محمد

Weltschmerz: Soliloquy Along the Axis..!    By :Ghoma

( المجتمع الليبي .. والصبر على اصلاحه ) بقلم : صلاح عبدالعزيز

Saturday, 3 December, 2005: British and US diplomats have protested to the Libyan government after two international satellites were illegally jammed, knocking off air dozens of TV and radio stations serving Britain and Europe and disrupting American diplomatic, military and FBI communications. Among stations hit were digital broadcasts by Five, BBC World, CNN International, US sports channels, cable TV networks and 23 radio stations. According to an email sent by one of the satellite owners, Loral Skynet, the US state department said it "would take it into their own hands" unless the interference stopped. Last night the Foreign Office confirmed it had raised the issue in talks between the British embassy in Tripoli and the Libyan government. Ofcom, the telecoms regulator, said it was considering taking a complaint to the International Telecoms Union. The jamming started on September 19 after the launch in London of a small British and Arab-owned commercial radio station broadcasting on human rights and freedom of speech issues to Libya. Ten minutes after the station - initially known as Sout Libya - went on air a transponder carrying the station was jammed for 50 minutes along with other stations. The jamming stopped when Sout Libya stopped broadcasting. [The Guardian]
Saturday, 3 December, 2005: King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia arrived in Jeddah yesterday to oversee preparations for the extraordinary Islamic summit in Makkah on Dec. 7-8. Heads of state from Pakistan, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Indonesia, Maldives, Senegal and Sudan had confirmed their participation in the summit. According to press reports, Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi is likely to attend the summit following the amnesty announced by King Abdullah to five Libyans who were accused of plotting to assassinate him two years ago. OIC Secretary-General Professor Ekmeleddin Ihsanoglu declined to confirm the reports, but said Libya would send a high level delegation. “The relations between the two countries are improving continuously and the good intentions on both sides are enough to overcome all sensitivities,” he said about Saudi-Libyan ties. [Arab News]
Saturday, 3 December, 2005: Libyan newspaper Libya Today announced on its web site that it initiates a one-week campaign in support of more than 400 Libyan children infected with AIDS. The campaign is on the occasion of December 1st, the World AIDS Day. The newspaper calls on the people all over the world to join the initiative. It has published a web address, where people can express their solidarity to “the innocent children infected with the deadly disease”. The web site contains the latest news reports of the crisis and pictures of the children. [FIA]
Saturday, 3 December, 2005: European Justice Commissioner Franco Frattini yesterday told EU Interior Ministers the European Commission intends to conclude a technical agreement with Libya on cooperation in the fight against illegal immigration by next June. Justice and Home Affairs Minister Tonio Borg told The Times that Mr Frattini's proposal signified another step forward for Malta in dealing with the influx of illegal immigrants. "An EU agreement with Libya is very important for us as the majority of illegal immigrants arriving in Malta depart from Libyan shores. We are obviously very interested in involving ourselves in these negotiations as part of the EU and hope that an agreement with Tripoli is reached soon," he said. [Times Of Malta]
Saturday, 3 December, 2005: Protaso has been awarded a coastal road maintenance project and a design and rehabilitation of six bridges project in Libya worth RM110 million and RM9.2 million respectively. The maintenance project will see Protasco embark on a joint venture with General Company for Roads and Bridges to do maintenance work for a 238km road from Gharabouli to Ras Jedeir for a duration of three years from this month. Protasco’s Libyan Malaysian Company for Roads and Construction will hold 49 per cent stake in the joint venture and GCRB, 51 per cent. Libyan Malaysian Co for Roads and Construction will also handle the design and rehabilitation works on the six bridges at Sirt Municipality, Libya, for a duration of one year from January 2006. [The New Straits Times]

( المؤتمر الوطني للمعارضة الليبية ـ هيئة المتابعة ) : بيان

( رابطة المثقفين والكتاب الليبيين ) : بيان

( عصابة مقرّها طرابلس!! ) بقلم : د. جاب الله موسى حسن

( احذروا انفلونزا الطيور ) : بقلم : مصطفي محمد البركي

( المؤتمر الليبي للأمازيغية ) : نحن معكم يا ضحايا الأيدز

Friday, 2 December, 2005: A protest against the continuing drama of the HIV infected children at a Benghazi hospital will be organized at the Tripoli Airport, Al Jazeera reported. The protest is being organized by the families of the 400 children that were infected with the AIDS virus on the occasion of the World AIDS Day. Over 50 of the children have already passed away. More than 1,000 children, some of them with the AIDS virus, are expected to participate in the protest. Al Jazeera reported that the participants would also hold a silent rally in the city. In May 2004 Libya found the five Bulgarian health workers and a Palestinian doctor guilty of having caused the death of 40 children and of infecting almost 400 others with HIV at the Benghazi hospital. [SNA]

تعزية

( مناوشات نظرية (1) ) بقلم : سالم محمد

( حلم وكرامة ) بقلم : ناجي الفيتوري

( حول المجتمع المدني .. والمعارضة! ) بقلم : فرج أبوالعشة

Thursday, 1 December, 2005: Libya is offering to sell more than 60 per cent of its stake in Italian-based oil refiner Tamoil and may offload its entire interest if it receives a good price, Libyan Prime Minister Shokri Ghanem said. Earlier, a senior government official said many foreign firms, including Italy's ERG and Spain's Repsol had expressed interest in buying into Tamoil. The firm is worth over $2 billion based on current industry valuations, and Libya owns around 45 per cent of the company. 'We are open to proposals to sell all or part of the state stake in Tamoil but the decision will come after assessing the offers,' Ghanem said. 'The share now on offer for sale is above 60 per cent of the state stake in Tamoil. We expect the full success of this operation because there are many offers and the oil market is very brisk,' he added. [Reuters]
Thursday, 1 December, 2005: The Secretariat of Economy intends to hold an economic symposium on the role of stock markets in economic developments, sources have disclosed here. The symposium, slated for 11-12 of December, aims to study the pros and cons of establishing a stock market in Libya and propose suitable vision to activate stock exchanges. The participant in the symposium will try to review other Arab stock exchanges and how to benefit from them. Stock institutes from Egypt, Tunisia, Jordan and Oman will take part in the symposium. [LJBC]
Thursday, 1 December, 2005: A seminar for parliamentarians from Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia on macroeconomic policy was hosted by the Parliament of Morocco and organized by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), in collaboration with the Parliament of Morocco, during November 29-30, 2005, in Rabat, Morocco. The purpose of the seminar was to gain a better mutual understanding among parliamentarians of the Maghreb region and representatives of the IMF on macroeconomic policies in the region and the role of the IMF. [IMF]
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