News and Views [ June 2003 ]

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Monday, 30 June, 2003: After outdoor temperature exceeded 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit) in the latest round of heat waves, the streets of the Libyan capital Tripoli were almost deserted Sunday morning and activities were low in the souks. [PANA]
Monday, 30 June, 2003: Serie A Perugia have paraded the most unorthodox signing of Italy's closed season by presenting Al-Saadi al-Qadhafi, son of Libyan leader Qadhafi, to the press. Journalists, club officials and TV crews gathered Sunday to watch al-Saadi pose with the Perugia shirt that he will wear next season, having signed a two-year contract. Cynicism surrounding the move grew after ex-Libyan national team coach Franco Scoglio made disparaging remarks about al-Saadi's skills. "When I was coach of Libya I called him up a few times but I'd prefer to say nothing about his qualities as a player," Scoglio told reporters earlier this month. [Reuters]

Letters: Sunday, 29 June, 2003

Sunday, 29 June, 2003: Libya has drawn up an ambitious multi-billion dollar plan to attract three million tourists a year. The scheme prepared by experts from Libya, Arab countries and Europe aims to develop the country's poor tourist infrastructure over the next five years at an estimated cost of $7 billion. The project comes amid a decision by the Libyan authorities to adopt a policy of "popular capitalism" aimed at liberating the economy, following three decades during which vital economic sectors were controlled by the government. [AFP]
Sunday, 29 June, 2003: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi received an invitation Saturday from his Tunisian counterpart Zine el-Abidine Ben-Ali to attend the next summit of the Western Mediterranean 5+5 Group billed for next December in Tunis. The "5+5" summit groups France, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain with Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia. [PANA]
Sunday, 29 June, 2003: Tunisia has signed an initial agreement with Libya to build a crude oil and a refined oil products pipeline linking the two neighbours, Tunisian officials said on Friday. A joint venture deal was signed late on Thursday at the end of a visit to Tunis by Abdulhafidh Zlitni, the head of Libya's state-run oil sector. One line will carry products from Libya's Zawia refinery to the Tunisian port of Skhira, with a second pipeline for crude also planned. [Reuters]
Sunday, 29 June, 2003: President of the European Commission Prodi today telephoned Libyan leader Qadhafi. They discussed cooperation relations between the African Union and EU and means of supporting and strengthening them to serve the interests of the nations of the European and African continents and strengthening security, stability and peace in the world. [BBC-MS]
Sunday, 29 June, 2003: Libya wants Ukraine to increase its involvement in the exploration of Libya's oil fields. Ukrainian Deputy Prime Minister Vitaliy Hayduk said this after meeting Libyan government members in Tripoli today. Libya needs oil specialists and machines. Ukraine needs cheap oil. According to Hayduk, Libyans urge Kiev not to delay entering their markets. Hayduk said it is very difficult to harmonize Libyan and Ukrainian legislation. [BBC-MS]

Saturday, 28 June, 2003: Libya will not allow Italian troops on its territory to help control illegal immigration across the Mediterranean, Libyan Foreign Minister Abdulrahman Shalgam (photo) said Friday after Prime Minister Berlusconi said such an accord was near completion. "We will not accept an (Italian) military presence on our territory," Shalgam said in a interview published in La Stampa. "We will discuss a cooperation agreement next week when Interior Minister Pisanu comes to Tripoli," he said. [AFP]
Saturday, 28 June, 2003: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi (photo) said on Friday he wanted to redraw the U.S.-backed "road map" for peace and unite Palestinians and Israelis in a single state. "The radical and historical solution is one state," he told a group of academics in London via satellite from Tripoli. "The territory is too narrow to accommodate two states." Middle East experts said the proposal would probably be ignored by both sides of the peace talks, and by "road map" sponsors: the US, EU, Russia and UN. [Reuters]
Saturday, 28 June, 2003: Libya has pledged to step up co-operation on oil with Zimbabwe, more than six months since a fuel supply deal between the two countries collapsed and left the southern African country facing acute fuel shortages. Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwean President, visited oil-rich Libya to try to revive the barter deal - which broke down after Zimbabwe allegedly failed to deliver the beef, coffee and tea it had promised. In a joint statement, the two governments confirmed their meeting without giving further details. [SABC]
Saturday, 28 June, 2003: Tunisia and Libya have signed an agreement to build an oil pipeline between them, the Tunisian News Agency (TAP) quoted officials in Tunis as affirming. [PANA]

Friday, 27 June, 2003: Italy said Thursday it was near agreement with Libya to allow Italian soldiers to patrol Libya's ports in an effort to stanch the flow of illegal immigrants. In a speech to parliament a few days before Italy takes over the European Union rotating presidency, Premier Silvio Berlusconi said the negotiations with Tripoli are in a "very advanced" stage. "We are about to sign an agreement with Libya that will allow our men to patrol Libyan ports and our ships to sail in Libyan territorial waters to hinder immigration that comes from that country," he said. [AP]
Friday, 27 June, 2003: The President of Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe, has mortgaged strategic oil assets to Libya in a desperate attempt to obtain fuel and overcome unprecedented shortages in his embattled country. The new asset arrangement plan will settle a bill for US$ 67m that Mugabe already owes Qadhafi, while securing fresh fuel supplies. Mugabe and Qadhafi are expected to seal their private deal during the President's current visit. However, officials said they were nervous that Qadhafi, who no longer trusts Zimbabwe, could demand more. [The Independent]
Friday, 27 June, 2003: The Libyan parliament has adopted a law permitting Libyans to sue foreign states, if those states permit suits against Libya. The law, passed Wednesday, authorizes Libyans to "demand redress for damages caused by foreign states, directly or by groups backed by them," even if the actions occurred before it was adopted. Under the law, suits filed against officials in the administration of former US president Reagan and British premier Thatcher over the deadly 1986 bombings of Tripoli and Bengazi would be allowed to go ahead. Libyans would also be able to sue Israel for damages in connection with its downing of a Libyan airplane in the Sinai Desert in 1973 and Italy for its occupation of the country before World War Two. [AFP]

Thursday, 26 June, 2003: Italy's Interior Minister Giuseppe Pisanu announced Wednesday he would travel to Libya shortly to help defuse a row over perceived Libyan laxness in fighting clandestine immigration. "We have already agreed on concrete steps to fight trafficking in illegal immigrants," Pisanu told the lower house of parliament. The Italian foreign ministry had told Libya's top diplomat in Rome Tuesday that Italy expected its former colony to step up efforts to help fight the tide of clandestine immigration towards the European Union. [AFP]
Thursday, 26 June, 2003: Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe president and several government officials left for Libya this afternoon, to hold discussions about the supply of fuel to the country, state radio said. "Negotiations with Libyan authorities are expected to centre on the provision of more fuel to Zimbabwe," the Zimbabwe Broadcasting Corporation (ZBC) reported. Libya supplied Zimbabwe with 70% of its fuel needs before the supply line was cut after Zimbabwe failed to keep its side of a bargain to supply Libya with sugar, tobacco and beef in return. [SABC]
Thursday, 26 June, 2003: The Philippine Embassy in Libya has requested the Department of Foreign Affairs to secure a SARS -free certificate from the World Health Organization (WHO). Once the certification is secured, it will be sent to both the Libyan Embassy in Manila and the Libyan Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Tripoli. About 700 overseas Filipino workers, mostly nurses, teachers and manual laborers who are currently in the Philippines for vacation stand to lose their jobs in Libya because they are not allowed to board flights bound for Tripoli. [Xinhua]
Thursday, 26 June, 2003: Uncle Sam does not like Colonel Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi and New Delhi is determined to become a favourite nephew. But it is not preventing India from forging fresh energy links with Libya. Soon after signing a long-term energy agreement with Iran - another nation figuring in America's rogues gallery - ONGC Videsh, the overseas arm of the state-owned ONGC, is now set to acquire exploration blocks in Libya. The formal agreement for taking up exploration in Libya is expected to be signed by the end of the month. [India Times]
Wednesday, 25 June, 2003: Lawyers for Libya and the families of people killed in the 1988 bombing of a Pan Am plane have agreed to choose a bank by July 3 to handle $2.67 billion in compensation funds, according to a letter from the lawyers to the families. The letter was made available to Reuters on Tuesday. Libya is expected to pay into an escrow account either at the Bank of England or the Bank for International Settlements in Basel, Switzerland. The date is part of the timetable for a settlement that would result in an end to the UN sanctions imposed on Libya. Under the timetable, agreed upon when the lawyers met this week, the lawyers plan to meet again in Europe on July 9 to sign an agreement setting up the escrow account. [Reuters]
Wednesday, 25 June, 2003: It is no secret that many of the ruling families and their offsprings in the Arab world exploit their positions to spend huge amounts of money. For example, Aisha al Qadhafi (photo), the Libyan leader's daughter is not an exception to this rule. Reports from Libya say that Aisha, who heads a charity organization, has asked the Libyan embassy in Tunisia to book a number of seats for the concert to be performed by the renowned singer Shakira next September in the Tunisian capital. The embassy was also asked to submit a list of available options for residence and transport facilities for those who will accompany Aisha during the concert. [Al-Bawaba]
Wednesday, 25 June, 2003: Italy expects Libya to step up its efforts to help fight the tide of clandestine immigration towards the European Union, the Italian foreign ministry told Libya's top diplomat in Rome on Tuesday. Italy expects "swift and concrete collaboration" from Libya in the fight against illegal migrants, Riccardo Sessa, director general for the Mediterranean, told Libyan Charge d'Affaires Abdelhamid Zoubi. Sessa also reiterated that Italy would work to help soften an embargo placed on Libya in the wake of the 1988 Lockerbie airliner bombing. [AFP]
Wednesday, 25 June, 2003: Former Lebanese President Amin Gemayel, accompanied by his son, Metn MP Pierre Gemayel, arrived in Tripoli, Libya, Monday for a short visit at the invitation of Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. A statement issued in Beirut said Gemayel's talks in Libya would deal with developments in the Middle East in the wake of the Iraq war, Lebanese-Libyan relations and the "road map" for Middle East peace. [The Daily Star]

Tuesday, 24 June, 2003: Libya admitted on Monday that it was unable to fully control its extensive maritime and land borders, following European complaints, especially from Italy, that the country acts as a hub for African human traffickers. "Foreign ministry official Hassuna Al-Shawsh told AFP: "Everyone knows Libya does not have the observation means to control its borders and coasts. We don't have the ships or planes to face this phenomonen because of the international sanctions imposed on our country". [AFP]
Tuesday, 24 June, 2003: Italy is pressing the European Union to relax its arms embargo against Libya, arguing that Tripoli can't be expected to crack down on illegal immigration toward Europe without equipment that is currently banned. The proposal, though, has already met with resistance from the EU and is opposed by the United States, which says Tripoli shouldn't be rewarded until it fully complies with UN demands concerning the 1988 Pan Am bombing over Lockerbie. [AP]
Tuesday, 24 June, 2003: The US unveiled a "roadmap" to set up a US-Middle East Free Trade Area (FTA) by 2013 that would bolster efforts to secure peace in the region and develop its resources. US Trade Representative Robert Zoellick said Washington hoped "to conclude the negotiations" on an FTA with Morocco by the end of this year, and was willing to assist Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Algeria and Yemen becoming WTO members. But he said the US offer is limited to "peaceful countries in the region," hinting that it did not extend to Syria, Libya and Sudan, which are blacklisted by Washington for their alleged support for terrorism. [AFP]
Tuesday, 24 June, 2003: Swiss authorities have ordered banks in Switzerland to block any accounts belonging to Liberia's President Charles Taylor and his associates, following a request from the UN-backed court investigating war crimes in Sierra Leone. Global Witness, last month highlighted links between Liberian timber exports and arms trade in w. Africa, a Swiss newspaper reported. Money earned from the timber trade has been used to finance arms bought in eastern Europe and Libya, with Swiss bank accounts acting as staging points for the assets. [AFP]

Monday, 23 June, 2003: Libya is a serious problem for Europe in its fight against clandestine immigration, Italian Interior Minister Giuseppe Pisanu said in an interview on Sunday. "One cannot deny that the pan-African policies of Libya, a country where everyone comes as goes as they please, is today a serious problem," Pisanu told La Repubblica . Would-be immigrants arrive overland in Libya and from there they travel by boat to Italy and the rest of Europe. "We must close Libya's frontiers at these entry and exit points. Europe can do it," he continued, adding that Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi "seemed inclined to co-operate". [AFX]
Monday, 23 June, 2003: DR Congo beat Libya 2-1 in a tight affair between the two teams who led Group 9 with seven points this morning. The victory takes the Simbas clear at the top of the group, but the Libyans have slipped down to third after Swaziland's 3-2 victory over Botswana. Libya's slim chances of qualification for Tunisia 2004 now rest on thumping Swaziland at home and hoping that Botswana can upset the odds and emerge triumphant over DR Congo. [BBC]
Monday, 23 June, 2003: The visit to the region by US Secretary of State Colin Powell's has done little to placate the Arabic press, with Sunday's papers accusing Washington of bias towards Israel. "We would not ask the international community to repatriate five million Israelis to their original countries, instead we demand that it facilitates the return of six million Palestinians to their homes," said al-Jamahiriyah newspaper (Libya). [BBC]

Sunday, 22 June, 2003: FIFA president Sepp Blatter was asked about Israel's prospects of participating in the 2010 World Cup if it takes place in Libya. "As a condition, the bidding countries have to issue governmental guarantees to all members of the FIFA family and issue visas and permits to play in their country," Blatter said. [Times of India]
Sunday, 22 June, 2003: Two Libyan asylum seekers, charged in the murder of an elderly Norwegian Salvation Army worker last weekend, were arrested in Stockholm Friday. Norwegian police had launched an international manhunt for the pair. Sarahad Binjassem Najli (photo/right), 31, and Yusuf Imran Ishtan (photo/left), 34, were arrested in downtown Stockholm by Swedish police. The younger of the two also was convicted of murder in Libya, and used his conviction as grounds for seeking asylum in Norway because he faced the death penalty at home. [Aftenposten]
Sunday, 22 June, 2003: Al-Saadi al-Qadhafi (photo), son of Libyan leader Qadhafi, could be playing in Italy's Serie A with Perugia next season after the club announced Saturday he will sign a one-year contract. Initially interested in just training, al-Saadi has now changed his mind and "can't wait to start playing in Italy's top flight", according to his spokesman, Gianluca Di Carlo. Al-Saadi owns a small stake in Serie A champions Juventus and was linked with a move to buy cash-strapped Rome giants Lazio earlier this year. [AFP]
Sunday, 22 June, 2003: At least 50 bodies had been recovered from Mediterranean waters following the sinking off Tunisia of an overloaded boat full of would-be immigrants from Africa, Tunisian emergency services said. Forty-one survived and search operations were set to continue Sunday for more than 100 still missing. The survivors said they had paid Libyan smugglers for their passage. The Libyan-owned boat was supposed to take them to Italy. [AFP]
Sunday, 22 June, 2003: Libyan foreign minister, Abdelrahman Shalgam (photo), received a message from French foreign minister Dominique de Villepin on bilateral relations and means of developing and boosting them in all fields as well as means of maintaining cooperation between Libya and France. Libyan dailies said that the French ambassador handed over the message to Shalgam during a meeting with him. [Arabic News]
Sunday, 22 June, 2003: The general assembly of the African Bank is convening in Tripoli, Libya, to examine its annual activities' report and execution of its 2002 budget. [PANA]
Saturday, 21 June, 2003: Twelve would-be illegal immigrants have drowned, 41 have been rescued and 197 are missing after their boat sank off the eastern coast of Tunisia, according to official figures. A total of 250 passengers from North and Sub-Saharan Africa had boarded the vessel somewhere to the east of Tunisia, likely Libya, and were headed for Italy when the boat sank in international waters, some 60 miles southeast off Sfax on Tunisia's eastern coast. [AFP]
Saturday, 21 June, 2003: Libya has been "aggressively pursuing" the acquisition of weapons of mass destruction, America claimed yesterday. John Bolton, under secretary of state, signalled that Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi's regime was once again in Washington's sights. According to diplomatic sources, America is investigating whether the Qadhafi regime has recruited Iraqi scientists who had previously worked for Saddam Hussein. Mr Bolton said during a visit to London yesterday: "Since the UN sanctions were lifted, Libya has been able to exploit the normalisation of the economy to be more aggressive in pursuing weapons of mass destruction." [The Independent]

Friday, 20 June, 2003: One of the three Muslims arrested in Cambodia on suspicion of being connected to the terrorist group Jemaah Islamiyah received military training in Libya, a senior security officer said. Gen Pallop Pinmanee, deputy director of the Internal Security Operations Command, said Maisuri Haji Abdullah was trained in Libya, as were two men arrested recently in Cambodia for their alleged ties to the same group. [Bangkok Post]
Friday, 20 June, 2003: Libya has unified its foreign exchange system on Thursday, moving away from a muti-tier unwieldy system as part of a drive to reform its socialist-style economy, a Central Bank official said. Libya had a system with an official rate used for transactions by state firms and bodies and another for private firms or individuals seeking foreign currency for imports, travel, medical treatment or study abroad. The unification move has had little impact intially on the local currency as the dinar was quoted at 1.365170/358361 versus the U.S. dollar on Thursday from 1.363240/356440 in its previous official quotation, officials said. [Reuters]
Friday, 20 June, 2003: The Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) said on Thursday that it will summon Libyan Ambassador to Manila to explain why Tripoli has not entirely lifted its travel ban against overseas Filipino workers (OFWs). A report from the Philippine Embassy in Tripoli said the discrimination of Filipinos in Libya "has severely demoralized" the around 5,000 overseas OFWs there. For the same reason, many OFWs are forced to stay in Libya for fear that if they go home, they will lose their jobs. [Xinhua]
Friday, 20 June, 2003: The Libyan authorities have denied knowledge of reports that some 200 Ghanaians have died trying to cross the Sahara desert in Libya this year. The Ghanaian Daily Graphic newspaper on Thursday quoted the Ghanaian ambassador to Libya as saying his countrymen died as they were attempting to cross the desert in search of greener pastures in Europe. But speaking to BBC News Online on Thursday, an official in the Ministry of African Affairs in Tripoli denied any knowledge of such deaths in the desert. [BBC]
Friday, 20 June, 2003: Zimbabwe's private sector, which is attempting to secure foreign currency for fuel imports, is believed to be trying to talk the government out of a joint venture with Libyan oil company Tamoil Trading, it was learnt this week. Sources close to the matter said local banks, private oil firms and exporters feared that the oil deal could mortgage National Oil Company of Zimbabwe (NOCZIM) assets to Libya. [The Daily News]
Friday, 20 June, 2003: The German pilot who pleaded guilty in March to attempting to buy military aircraft engines for Libya was sentenced yesterday to 30 months in prison. Klaus Ernst Buhler was arrested in January 2002 while inspecting a helicopter engine in Nassau County that undercover investigators told him was for sale. Sales to Libya are prohibited by a 1986 trade embargo issued by President Reagan against the dictatorship of Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. U.S. District Judge Howell Melton issued the sentence in Jacksonville, Florida. [Times-Union]

Thursday, 19 June, 2003: Italy is trying to reach an accord with Libya to stem the boatloads of illegal immigrants arriving on Italian shores, a top Italian government official said Wednesday. Many of the thousands of immigrants who try to slip into Italy by landing on its generally poorly patrolled, extensive coastline are believed to have set sail from Libya, a final stop on a voyage often involving several countries before setting sail for Italian shores. [AP]
Thursday, 19 June, 2003: Libya plans to apply for membership of the World Trade Organisation (WTO), Libya's new prime minister told the OPEC news agency on Wednesday. The WTO application would be the next step as Libya reforms its economy, said Prime Minister Shukri Ghanem (photo). The former economy minister, said that across all sectors reforms would seek to encourage foreign and domestic private investment. "The private sector will be playing a bigger role. But that does not mean that we are going to remove in one day the public sector. First, they will complement each other," he said. [Reuters]
Thursday, 19 June, 2003: In Malta, a policeman has been injured and several police cars damaged in overnight disturbances by illegal immigrants. Mainly from Libya, Iraq, Eritrea and Somalia, they landed on the island in error, thinking they had reached Sicily. It was unclear how many of them took part in the riot, which started after the immigrants insisted on the return of an inmate who was held separately. Some 1,000 immigrants are awaiting repatriation. [Reuters]
Thursday, 19 June, 2003: Since the nationalization of the oil industry in 1969, Libyan oil and gas companies will be allowed for the first time to cooperate in joint ventures with foreign companies for exploration, production and marketing activities. Libya reports that production capacity stands at 1.75 million barrels a day (bpd), and should reach 2 million bpday in 2006. [NefteGaz]
Wednesday, 18 June, 2003: Liberian President Charles Taylor - accused of war crimes in West African conflicts that saw tens of thousands killed, raped or maimed - pledged Tuesday to step down under a cease-fire he signed with rebel groups. In 1989, Taylor launched an insurrection with Libyan backing that plunged the nation into a 7-year civil war that killed at least 150,000 people. The latest rebellion erupted in 1999. Since then, more than 1.3 million Liberians have been uprooted, including hundreds of thousands who fled into neighboring countries. [AP]

Tuesday, 17 June, 2003: Ghana's President Kufuor returned home yesterday from his state visit to Libya. Libya was very much blamed for the overthrow of Ghana's Third Republic in 1981. She was supposed to have armed and financed Jerry Rawlings to carry out that particular treasonable act against the state of Ghana and nurtured and nourished the coup makers after the coup. No wonder, the very first country President Kufuor visited was Libya. [Accra Mail]
Tuesday, 17 June, 2003: The International Tourism Fair of Tripoli opened at the weekend, bringing together representatives of several tourism agencies and firms. [JANA]
Monday, 16 June, 2003: A senior U.S. State Department official was in Egypt Sunday to meet President Mubarak's top political adviser to discuss attempts to curb the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, the U.S. Embassy said. The U.S. believes some countries, including Egypt's neighbors Syria and Libya, are trying to acquire nuclear, chemical and biological weapons. [AP]
Monday, 16 June, 2003: The son of Libyan leader Qadhafi has joined Italian first division football club Perugia on trial. AL-Saadi al-Qadhafi, 30 will start training with them in July. He will join the team permanently in the autumn if his time in Italy proves a success. Al-Saadi already has business deals with three other Italian clubs and is part owner of Italian club Juventus. [Sky News]
Monday, 16 June, 2003: Portugal and Libya took an important step Saturday in reinforcing their bilateral relations with emphasis on the economic, political and cultural fields, Portuguese Foreign Minister Antonio Martins said. Martins made the remarks to the Portuguese news agency Lusa after a meeting with Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. According to Lusa, Martins handed over to Qadhafi a message from Portuguese Prime Minister Jose Durao [Xinhua]

Sunday, 15 June, 2003: Libyan leader Col. Qadhafi has sacked his prime minister and replaced him with an economist, following moves to reform the country's economy. Prime Minister Mubarak al-Shamikh will be replaced by former economy minister Shukri Ghanem. [BBC]
Sunday, 15 June, 2003: Who is Shukri Ghanem; the new [Prime Minister]?
Dr Shukri Mohammed Ghanem (photo) was born in Tripoli on 9 October, 1942.
Ph.D. in Economics, Fletcher School of Economics, Boston, USA, 1975.
M.Sc. in Economics, Fletcher School of Economics, Boston, USA, 1973.
B.Sc. in Economics, [University of Libya], Benghazi, 1963.
2001 - 2003: [Minister] of Economics and Trade.
1998 - 2001: Acting deputy of the Secretary General of the OPEC ,Vienna.
1993 - 1998: Research manager in the OPEC, Vienna.
1987 - 1993: Economics lecturer at al-Jabel al-Gharbi Univresity, Gharayan.
1984 - 1987: Director of the Economic Studies Centre, Tripoli.
1982 - 1984: Visitor, School of African and Oriential Studies, Univ. of London.
1977 - 1982: Head of economics at the Arab Development Institute.
1975 - 1977: Advisor at the Oil Ministry.
1975 : Acting Oil Minister.
1970 - 1975: General Manager of Economic Management in the Oil Ministry.
1968 - 1970: Director of marketing, member of the Management Council in the NOC.
1966 - 1968: Deputy manager of [the Libyan] news agency, translation department.
1963 - 1965: Head of the American and European Affairs in the Economy Ministry.
Sunday, 15 June, 2003: Veteran Libyan diplomat Ali al-Triki (photo/left) lost his job when his post of African unity minister was abolished in a government reshuffle Saturday. Al-Triki, 65, saw his ministry absorbed into the foreign ministry, still headed by Abdelrahman Shalgam (photo/right). Al-Triki served as foreign minister from 1976 to 1981 and 1984-86, as well as ambassador to France, the UN and the Arab League. He became African unity minister when the portfolio was created in 2001. [AFP]
Sunday, 15 June, 2003: Canada is calling for a sweeping reform of the UN, including the expulsion of members who violate the fundamental principles of the world body. The UN Charter makes it clear "membership is not a right, but a commitment to uphold the principles and purposes of the organization," Canadian Foreign Minister Bill Graham said yesterday. Yet membership standards are not being applied, he said in a keynote speech in New York to a UN reform conference. He cited three examples to make his point; One of them is Libya's election earlier this year to the chairmanship of the UN Commission on Human Rights despite the North African country's poor record of jailing and torturing political opponents. [Globe & Mail]
Saturday, 14 June, 2003: Former Libyan diplomat Yousef Murgham, who was feared dead after his deportation from Zimbabwe last year, is alive and well, his lawyer Jonathan Samkange said this week. Samkange this week said Murgham was currently in Libya and would be heading back to Zimbabwe. Murgham was deported in August after Zimbabwe's Central Intelligence Organisation (CIO) declared that he was a security threat to Zimbabwe. [Zimbabwe Independent]
Saturday, 14 June, 2003: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi urged radical reform of the country's socialist-style economy, possibly leading to some form of "popular capitalism", state news agency Jana reported on Friday. "Qadhafi has called for the abolition of the public sector because it needs people of the highest skills, with strong nationalistic beliefs and dedication to the public interest," Jana reported. "The system had failed, as it did in the Sviet Union and Eastern Europe," Qadhafi said. He made the remarks at a gathering of the General People Congress, which is the body with the top legislative and executive powers in Libya. [Reuters]
Saturday, 14 June, 2003: At the end of its sessions in Sirte today, the General Peoples Congress has issued the following resolution for the re-selection of the General Peoples Committee (GPC) as follows:
1- Dr. Shukri Mohammed Ghanem, Secretary GPC
2- Abdallah Salem al-Badri, Assistant Secretary GPC
3- Dr. Al-Baghdadi Ali al-Mahmoudi, Assistant Secretary for Production
4- Eng. Ma'atoug Mohamed Ma'atoug, Assistant Secretary for Services
5- Abdelrahman Mohamed Shalgam, Secretary GPC Foreign Liaison
6- Dr. Al-Taher al-Hadi al-Juhaimy, Secretary GPC for Planning
7- Amar al-Mabrouk al-Litaif, Secretary GPC for Tourism
8- Mohammed Ali al-Misrati, Secretay GPC for Justice
9- Al-Ogaili Abdelsalam Barini, Secretary GPC Finance
10- Abdelgader Omer Belkhair, Secretary GPC Economy and Trade. [JANA]
Saturday, 14 June, 2003: At the end of its sessions in Sirte today, the General Peoples Congress has issued the following resolution to re-select the secretariat of the General Peoples Congress as follows:
1- Al-Zanati Mohamed al-Zanati, General Secretary
2- Ahmed Mohamed Ibrahim, Assistant General Secretary
3- Ibrahim Abdelrahman Ibjad, Secretary for Peoples Congresses Affairs
4- Ibrahim Ali Ibrahim, Secretary for Peoples Committees Affairs
5- Suliman Sassi al-Shohoumi, Secretary for Foreign Affairs
6- Abdallah Idris Ibrahim, Secretary for Unions and Federations
7- Amal Nouri Abdallah Safar, Secretary for Social Affairs. [JANA]
Saturday, 14 June, 2003: Zimbabwean aircraft passengers who were detained in Kenya this week were Zanu PF youths going to Libya for training, it has emerged. The 57 passengers were drawn from Zanu PF youth structures throughout the country and were heading for Tripoli for a training programme. "It's an ongoing exchange programme," a Zanu PF official said. Libya has compulsory national youth service, including ideological tutoring. [Zimbabwe Independent]
Saturday, 14 June, 2003: The OPEC oil cartel could be forgiven for feeling a touch of paranoia. Iraq, where it was born in 1960, has been invaded and occupied by the U.S., and now Washington hawks call for "regime change" in Iran, another founder member. A Venezuelan proposal is to link the long-held OPEC principle of security of oil supply to the national security of OPEC nations themselves. The proposal could be welcomed by some members such as Iran and Libya, which are already under U.S. sanctions, but face opposition from Saudi Arabia. [Reuters]
Saturday, 14 June, 2003: Ghana's President John Agyekum Kufuor flew to Libya Friday for a first visit to deepen ties between the two countries. Presidential Spokesman Kwabena Agyepong said trade, economy, investment, consolidation of existing economic bilateral agreements would dominate talks. Ganaian officials said Libya is keen to provide financial assistance to the West African country's private sector for large- scale salt production. [SPA]

Friday, 13 June, 2003: Fifty-seven Zimbabwean nationals were detained at the Jomo Kenyatta Airport in Kenya for three days after a Libyan plane they were travelling in was intercepted and forced to land by the Kenyan Government. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs said the delegation was on a cultural exchange programme to Libya. The pilots flying the Russian-made IIyusin plane were fined 82,000 shillings for overflying the Kenyan airspace without authority. [The Herald]
Friday, 13 June, 2003: Saudi Arabia has proposed a detailed plan to reform the Arab political order that would enable the Arab League (AL) to deal with the new regional realities imposed by the war on Iraq and the American engagement in peace making in the Middle East. Libya said it intends to quit the AL, however, Arab leaders managed to convince Qadhafi to postpone the pullout in the hope that the Saudi plan would convince Libya to stay in the league. [Gulf News]
Friday, 13 June, 2003: South Africa has got the blessing of its regional partners to become the seat of the proposed Pan African Parliament (PAP). Success in this quest will depend on defeating Libya, which has made a claim for the honour. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi's team left the African Union summit in Durban last year insisting that they had been assured that the PAP would come their way. The delicious irony of having a country without its own Parliament become the seat of the continent's legislature was not lost on those seeking a new-look Africa. [Mail & Guardian]
Friday, 13 June, 2003: Libyans commemorated on Wednesday the 33rd anniversary of the departure of US military forces from Libya, with celebrations planned nation-wide. [PANA]
Friday, 13 June, 2003: Libya's embassy in Benin has refuted claims that Libya and particularly the minister in charge of African Union affairs, Ali al-Triki, was involved in activities aimed at destabilising Chad, says a press release issued by Tripoli's mission in Cotonou. [PANA]
Friday, 13 June, 2003: Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi and visiting Burkinabe president Blaise Compaore have held talks on ways of strengthening the African Union (AU) and the Community of Sahel and Saharan States (CEN-SAD), official Libyan sources said. [PANA]
Friday, 13 June, 2003: The UAE has recorded the highest population growth rate in the Arab region, according to the Arab economic report distributed by the Arab Monetary Fund. Yemen came third with an average 3.45%, while growth was estimated at 3.29% in Libya. [Gulf News]

Thursday, 12 June, 2003: Libya's head of OPEC delegation Abdulhafidh al-Zlitni (photo) said on Wednesday Libya was on track for production capacity of 1.7-1.8 million barrels a day by year's end. Al-Zlitni, head of Libya's national oil company, said he expected redistribution of supply quotas next year. Libya is estimated pumping about 1.45 million bpd but it is looking for a larger share of OPEC's output. [Reuters]
Thursday, 12 June, 2003: Bulgarian nurse Maria Zasheva, whose passport was taken by the Libyan authorities over the case of the Bulgarian medics accused of intentionally infecting Libyan children with HIV, returned to Bulgaria Wednesday. Following her arrival from Libya she headed for Bulgaria's Foreign Ministry where she met Foreign Minister Solomon Passy. [Novinite]
Thursday, 12 June, 2003: Al-Saadi al-Qadhafi (photo), the son of the Libyan leader, said he believes that the right to host the 2010 World Cup will come down to a straight fight between Libya and S. Africa. "Libya's chances of hosting the World Cup are the best thanks to its riches and infrastructure," said al-Saadi. "We are undertaking a feasibility study with a German company which estimates it would cost four to six billion dollars to organize the World Cup. "Libya is ready to spend this sum," added al-Saadi. [AFP]
Thursday, 12 June, 2003: Tony Blair is a member of a shrinking club of world leaders who have yet to make themselves available to voters by e-mail, according to the Tories. The British prime minister has so far resisted getting his own e-mail address - despite "lecturing" others of the importance of information technology. Shadow trade spokesman Tim Yeo wrote to Mr Blair saying: "You are, like the leaders of Cuba, Libya, Myanmar, North Korea and Zimbabwe, one of the few heads of any government who cannot be contacted in this way". [BBC]
Wednesday, 11 June, 2003: Some 213 trade unionists worldwide were assassinated or "disappeared" during the year 2002, according to an annual survey released Tuesday by the International Confederation of Free Trade Union. The 249-page 'Annual Survey of Violations of Trade Union Rights' details abuses in 133 countries. In the Middle East, the overall trade union landscape remained bleak... In Libya, for instance, the Labor Ministry controls all aspects of union elections, from the date they are held to the ratification of their results. [One World]
Wednesday, 11 June, 2003: The head of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad) implementation committee, Nigerian President Obasanjo said the first reviews would be conducted in the second half of this year. Not all the countries on the Nepad committee have signed up for peer review. Botswana has not signed up and neither have Angola or Libya. [Business Day]
Wednesday, 11 June, 2003: The U.S. government has secretly launched an intensive campaign to find a Boeing 727 passenger jet that mysteriously disappeared in Africa three weeks ago. The plane disappeared out of Angola on May 25. But a government official says the Angolans do not know whether it was bound for Burkina Faso, South Africa, Libya or Nigeria. [ABC]
Tuesday, 10 June, 2003: A high-profile Arab meeting will start today in Bahrain to discuss the U.S. roadmap to peace in the Middle East. The meeting will be attended by the foreign ministers of Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen in addition to Arab League Secretary General Amr Moussa. The peace plan has been endorsed by Arab leaders at last week's U.S.-Arab summit in Sharm El-Sheikh. [Gulf News]
Tuesday, 10 June, 2003: Egypt's Presidential Adviser Osama al-Baz said that the Egyptian- Sudanese unity had become a necessity in today's world where small economic blocs could not compete with major ones. Such integration should also include Libya, al-Baz told the Sudanese newspaper Akhbar al-Yawm, adding that the three nations had common interests. [Arabic News]

Monday, 9 June, 2003: Today's UN, which entrusts the protection of human rights to countries that are themselves among the prime violators of these rights, is no longer acceptable. What is needed is a "World Organization of Democracies," devoted to promoting the original values of the UN, including democracy, the rule of law, and respect for human rights. Indeed, we are so far today from the spirit of the UN charter that it seems normal for dictatorships to sit in judgment of democracies and for Libya to chair the UN Commission for Human Rights. [Taipei Times]
Monday, 9 June, 2003: Libya's ministery for African Unity has denied media reports that African Unity Minister, Dr Ali al-Teirki recently held a meeting with a delegation of the Chadian opposition, including Adam Togoi, Hamed Yagoub and Hussein Qoti in Benin. [JANA]
Monday, 9 June, 2003: The gardens of Baghdad's Haifa Club have been turned into Middle East's newest refugee camp as hundreds of Palestinians are driven out of their homes. The reason for their eviction is their inability to pay their rent, previously paid by Saddam's government. In 1993 and 1994, hundreds of Palestinians were evicted from Libya. Now it is the Palestinians in Baghdad who are the victims of the political upheaval. [The Daily Telegraph]

Sunday, 8 June, 2003: Libya's Peoples General Congress (PGC), on Saturday began its yearly session in Sirte with PGC secretary general Zenati Mohammed Zenati advocating cooperation to solve current challenges facing the world. "The challenges facing the world today can only be faced through the establishment of blocs, mergers, and joint work through world organisations to find solutions to the current problems in the world," Zenati said. [PANA/JANA]
Sunday, 8 June, 2003: Bulgaria's Foreign Minister Solomon Pasi told BTA that Maria Zasheva is returning from Libya next week. Zasheva's passport was returned by the Libyan authorities, which took it in 2001 in connection with an investigation into an AIDS epidemic in Benghazi. The Bulgarian nurse has lived at the Bulgarian embassy in Tripoli without an ID for two years. She could not leave the country without a passport. A Bulgarian doctor and five nurses have been held in remand since Feb. 2001 on charges of infecting 393 Libyan children with HIV. [BBC-MS]
Sunday, 8 June, 2003: Senegal and Nigeria both moved closer to qualifying for the African Cup of Nations finals on Saturday. Senegal topped Gambia 3-1 while Nigeria downed Malawi 4-1. Both teams need only a draw in their next match to ensure qualification to the 2004 finals in Tunisia. In other matches, it was: Libya 1; Namibia 2, Chad 1; Burkina Faso 4, Mozambique 0. [AP]
Sunday, 8 June, 2003: Experts from Arab nations began meeting in Tunis to draw up a strategy for protecting Iraq's cultural heritage in the wake of the US-led war, during which the occupying US army failed to prevent the looting of thousands of antiquities. The meeting was organized by the Arab Organisation for Education, Culture and Sciences and was expected to involve experts from Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, the Occupied Territories, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, the UAE and Yemen. [AFP]

Saturday, 7 June, 2003: The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child concluded today its thirty-third session and issued its conclusions and recommendations on the situation of children in Eritrea, Cyprus, Zambia, Sri Lanka, the Solomon Islands, Libya, Jamaica, Morocco, Syria and Kazakhstan. After reviewing the situation in Libya... The Committee recommended that the State party take effective measures, including enacting or rescinding legislation... to ensure that all children enjoy the rights set out in the UN Convention without discrimination. [UNHCHR]
Saturday, 7 June, 2003: Visiting Italian Foreign Minister Frattini has hailed "the important role" played by Libya in the fight against terrorism in the Mediterranean region. [PANA]
Saturday, 7 June, 2003: Countries or terrorist groups seeking weapons of mass destruction frequently target Canada "for clandestine and illicit procurement activities," Canada's spy agency said in an annual report. The Canadian Security and Intelligence Service (CSIS) also warned that Islamic extremists -- particularly Sunni extremists -- presented the greatest security threat to the country. CSIS also said that "countries such as Iran, Syria and Libya continue to provide terrorist organizations with training, arms, money, materials and logistical support". [AFP]
Saturday, 7 June, 2003: Algeria may allow Germany, Austria and the Netherlands to raise a ransom to secure the release of 15 Europeans being held captive in the Sahara desert, Germany's weekly news magazine Focus reports in its Saturday edition. Part of the deal would be safe passage to Libya for the hostage-takers. Fifteen Europeans -- 10 Germans, four Swiss and a Dutchman -- are believed to be held in an isolated location near the border with Libya. [AFP]
Saturday, 7 June, 2003: Between 2001 and 2002, Arab exports to Germany declined by 9% (from 7.7 billion Euro to 6.8 billion Euro) while German exports grew by 5% (from 14.1 billion Euro to 14.8 billion). Saudi Arabia is Germany's top customer (3.4 billion Euro) while Libya is the European country's top supplier (1.6 billion Euro), according to 2002 statistics. [Arabic News]
Saturday, 7 June, 2003: "The men haven't done a good job of running our countries, so maybe now we are looking for a Big Woman, not a Big Man, to do the job," said Chipo Lungu, executive director of the Zambia National Women's Lobby Group. "The list of corrupt, incompetent and just foolish male leaders is a long one". Lungu rapidly ticked of a list of men whose autocratic and often corrupt rule sent African states into decline -- Mugabe of Zimbabwe; Libya's Qadhafi, at the helm since 1969; Mobutu Sese Seko; and Daniel arap Moi. [Washington Post]
Saturday, 7 June, 2003: The Zimbabwean government has successfully negotiated a deal with Libya's Tamoil oil company to provide fuel to the southern African country. According to reports, the agreement will see the resumption of fuel supplies to Zimbabwe from Libya by the end of June. Libya previously supplied Zimbabwe with 70% of its fuel requirements. [SABC]
Saturday, 7 June, 2003: President Yoweri Museveni has indicated Uganda's readiness to back the candidacy of Libyan Football Association deputy chairman al-Saadi Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi, who is bidding for election as president of the African Football Confederation. [PANA]
Saturday, 7 June, 2003: Italian AC Milan and Juventus could face each other in New York in the pre-season Italian Supercup match in August. Last season the Supercup was played in Tripoli, Libya and the Italian Football League are looking to hold the match outside Italy again. A source at the Italian League said that Libyan authorities had given a clear indication of willingness to host the match again while there had also been interest from Japan and New York. [Reuters]

Friday, 6 June, 2003: The Committee for the Support of Imam Sadr called in a letter on Wednesday for the Union of Arab Parliamentarians to raise the issue of Sadr's disappearance in Libya in 1978. The letter asked parliamentarians to pressure Libyan leader Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi to reveal the fate of the missing Imam and release Sadr and his two companions. The letter called for the creation of an Arab tribunal to put Qadhafi on trial. [The Daily Star]
Friday, 6 June, 2003: Libyan leader Colonel Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi Thursday held talks with Italian foreign minister Frattini Franco, who is in Tripoli to deliver a special message from Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi. [PANA]
Friday, 6 June, 2003: The US will attempt to "roll back" proliferation of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons in the world -- and may use force to take away these deadly arsenals from rogue states, a senior US government official warned. Under Secretary of State John Bolton told Congress: "Moreover, the logic of adverse consequences must fall not only on the states aspiring to possess these weapons, but on the states supplying them as well". The US has accused Russia, China and some former Soviet republics of supplying sensitive, dual-use technologies to Iran, Libya, N. Korea and other countries deemed by Washington a proliferation threat. [AFP]
Friday, 6 June, 2003: A Dutch court has acquitted 12 men accused of plotting a "holy war" against the West and helping to recruit al Qaeda and Taliban fighters in the Netherlands. The four Algerians, a Frenchman, a Moroccan, a Libyan, an Iraqi, an Egyptian, a Turk, a Mauritanian and a Dutch citizen were arrested last year in raids across the Netherlands. The men were jubilant after the verdict, smiling and waving at friends in the packed public gallery. One of the men shouted "Allahu Akbar" (God is greatest). [Reuters]
Friday, 6 June, 2003: Fourteen countries are requiring all travellers from China to produce health certificates proving they do not have SARS symptoms before they are allowed entry. They are: Malaysia, Libya, Democratic Congo, Mongolia, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Switzerland, the United Arab Emirates, Sudan, Uruguay, Columbia, Panama, Myanmar and Papua New Guinea. [AFP]

Thursday, 5 June, 2003: Libya has invited Indian Railways for building its railway system. While a senior Libyan diplomat said opportunities were waiting to be tapped, railway officials said contracts entered in the past had remained on paper. The diplomat said that a major project involving the designing and construction of trans Libya railway connecting the north to the central Africa would be coming up and Indian Railways could take part in it. [The Financial Express]
Thursday, 5 June, 2003: The lawyer of six Bulgarians, whom Libya is trying on charges of infecting children with HIV, said Wednesday he hoped a court in Benghazi to resume hearings by the end of this month. "I expect the trial to resume in the end of this month, but if it doesn't, I expect the Bulgarian embassy to help me make the necessary steps to move the case forward," Sofia's Darik Radio quoted Othman el-Bizanti (photo) as saying. The Bulgarians have been in Libyan custody since early 1999. [BNN]
Thursday, 5 June, 2003: Libya yesterday donated 6,000 tonnes of locally-purchased maize to the Zambian Government and the Maureen Mwanawasa Community Initiative. Libyan ambassador to Zambia Khalifa Swiesi said during the hand-over of the maize bought from Lendor Agricultural Holdings' Wanga farm in Chisamba that the maize was meant as relief for Zambians in need. Mr Swiesi said his government was forced to engage the services of a Swiss company which bought the maize from Wanga farm on its behalf. [Times Of Zambia]
Thursday, 5 June, 2003: Leaders of the global gas industry said on Tuesday that demand for clean energy would help spark a huge rise in natural gas consumption in Europe and Asia in the coming years. Speaking at the World Gas Conference, being held in Tokyo, Pierre Gadonneix, chairman and CEO of Gaz de France (GdF) said Europe would see a 30 percent jump in demand over the next decade. To meet rising demand, he said Europe hoped to diversify its portfolio of supply sources to include Libya, Nigeria, Trinidad and Tobago, Angola and Iran. [Reuters]
Thursday, 5 June, 2003: A U.N.-sponsored war crimes court in Sierra Leone charged Liberian President Charles Taylor with crimes against humanity Wednesday for a 10-year terror campaign in which tens of thousands of people were killed, raped, kidnapped or maimed in Sierra Leone. Taylor, a warlord-turned-president, long had been accused of running guns and keeping close ties to Sierra Leone's Revolutionary United Front. Taylor's ties to the Sierra Leone rebels date back more than a decade to when he trained with rebel leader Foday Sankoh in Libya. Sankoh also was indicted and is in custody. [AP]
Wednesday, 4 June, 2003: Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Nigeria, South Africa and Tunisia were confirmed as official bidders to host the 2010 World Cup finals by Fifa on Tuesday. They have until the end of September to complete their bid documents and submit them to Fifa, who will then examine them and arrange for inspections between October 1 and January 31, 2004. The final decision will be made by the Fifa executive committee in Paris next May. [Reuters]
Wednesday, 4 June, 2003: The Secretariat of the General Peoples Congress (GPC) has issued resolution no 65 for the year 2003 for the convening of the GPC. The decision indicates that the GPC is to convene Saturday, 7 June, 2003 in the Libyan town of Sirte. [JANA]
Wednesday, 4 June, 2003: Libya is camping in Uganda before travelling to Botswana for a Nations Cup qualifying tie. The team, led by coach Abubakr Bany and FA vice -president Al-Saadi al-Qadhafi, arrived in Kampala on Sunday. An away win for Libya would brighten their chances of participating in their first Nations Cup tournament since 1982. [BBC]

Tuesday, 3 June, 2003: Relatives of the victims of the Lockerbie bombing have reacted furiously to reports that the legal expert who brokered the trial received financial assistance worth thousands of pounds from businessmen linked to Col. Mu'ammar al-Qadhafi. Prof. Robert Black, QC, a law lecturer at Edinburgh University, has long protested the innocence of the Libyan who was convicted of carrying out the atrocity. Black took up to five trips to Libya between 1993 and 2002, partly bankrolled by a consortium of British businessmen who stand to benefit if UN sanctions against Libya are lifted, "Scotland on Sunday" revealed yesterday. [The Scotsman]
Tuesday, 3 June, 2003: US Secretary of State Colin Powell and Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini discussed solution to the Middle East conflict and the fight against terrorism in their talks in Rome Monday. Frattini said the US and Italy were convinced of the need to involve moderate Arab leaders in a "reinforced dialogue" and "reject all support for extremist factions." Frattini will shortly leave on a tour of Morocco, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Lebanon and Syria. [Xinhua]
Tuesday, 3 June, 2003: Bulgaria's Justice Minister Anton Stankov called for speeding up the procedure of relocating the hearing of the case of the Bulgarian medics in Libya. The medics are accused of intentionally infecting Libyan children with HIV. In a letter to his Libyan counterpart Stankov insists that the hearing is carried out in Tripoli, because of the justifiable, in his words, negative public attitude in Benghazi after HIV contamination in the town's hospital. [Novinite]
Monday, 2 June, 2003: Libya on Sunday announced a break in diplomatic relations with Iraq and the closure of its embassy in Baghdad following the US raid on the Palestinian mission in the Iraqi capital. Libya's foreign ministry said the decision was taken due to "the practices of the American and British occupation forces against diplomatic missions in Baghdad and the announcement that their diplomatic immunity had lapsed". [AFP]
Monday, 2 June, 2003: In the African Cup Winner's Cup, holders Wydad Casablanca beat al-Hilal of Libya 4-0 on Sunday, and 6-2 on aggregate, to advance to the last eight of the competition. In the Confederation of African Football (CAF) Cup, in Cairo, Saturday: Al-Ahli of Egypt beat al-Nasr of Libya 2-0. Al-Ahli won 4-1 on aggregate. [Reuters]
Monday, 2 June, 2003: The OPEC has rejected Iraq's U.S-approved delegate to next month's Qatar meeting of the Arab-dominated oil cartel. This is a calculated snub, intended to show that the 11 member states of OPEC - including Libya, Iran, Venezuela and Saudi Arabia - neither recognize nor approve of the Anglo-American coalition's control of Iraq. [New York Post]

Sunday, 1 June, 2003: Scotland's most vocal legal critic of the case against convicted Lockerbie bomber Abdelbaset al-Megrahi (photo) received financial assistance worth thousands of pounds from businessmen linked to Colonel Qadhafi. Robert Black, QC, who has secured widespread publicity to protest the Libyan's innocence and criticise the prosecution case against him in British and US media interviews, has insisted that he always acted independently. But yesterday he admitted that companies with commercial interests in the country helped fund trips to meet the dictator's officials and that the Libyan government may even have paid his hotel bills. [The Scotsman]
Sunday, 1 June, 2003: The 30th session of the Islamic Conference foreign ministers meeting which ended in the Iranian capital Tehran yesterday renewed its call for the immediate lifting of the unjust sanctions which were imposed against Libya. In their final communique, the ministers renewed their call for releasing Abdelbaset al-Megrahi and affirmed their rejection of the unilateral actions and attempts to impose sanctions against member countries. [JANA]
Sunday, 1 June, 2003: Tunisia submitted a bid to host the 2010 World Cup, which has been promised to an African country by soccer's governing body. Tunisia, whose bid was announced Saturday, joins five other African candidates for 2010 -- South Africa, Egypt, Libya, Morocco and Nigeria. African nations were angered when Germany beat South Africa for the 2006 tournament by a 12-11 vote after a last-minute abstention by New Zealand's delegate. [AP]
Sunday, 1 June, 2003: Maltese Consortium Holdings Ltd are set to open another showroom in Libya, within a month. The negotiations for the second showroom were concluded on Thursday coinciding with the opening of their first complex in Tripoli that includes a two storey, 1,500 square metre showroom and a business centre. The Tripoli showroom, known as the International Furnishings Centre, was inaugurated by the Finance Minister John Dalli and the general director of the Libyan Foreign Investments Board, Mohammed Abulhoul. [The Malta Independent]
Sunday, 1 June, 2003: A report prepared by HIV experts Professor Collizi and Professor Luc Montaigner proves the innocence of the Bulgarian defendants in Libya's HIV case. Bulgaria's Justice Minister Anton Stankov said that following the get-together of the Bulgarian interdepartmental committee on the Libyan case on Friday. According to Stankov, the report insists that the HIV contamination in the Benghazi paediatric hospital started as an internal infection a year before the Bulgarian defendants took medical jobs there. [Novinite]
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