The U.S. Air and Sea Attacks on Libya in 1986
Accusing Libya of masterminding the West Berlin descotheque bombing on 5 April 1985, the USA carried out a military air-and-sea attack on the Gulf of Sirte on 24 March 1986 in which three aircraft carriers participated. The US actions against Libya started long before 1986 and continued long after that year:
In 1972 Washington refused to conduct any dialogue or any diplomatic relations at the ambassadorial level with Libya, on 30 May 1973, a US aircraft entered Libyan air space during the maneuvers of the Sixth Fleet, in 1974 the delivery of 8 DC 1309 planes to Libya was blocked, despite the previous payment of $60,000 in cash, on 3 January 1975 the US Secretary of State threatened to use force against oil-producing countries, in 1977 the Pentagon put the Jamahiriya on its list of enemies of the USA., in 1978 the USA waged an undeclared economic war against the Jamahiriya with the aim of discontinuing Libya's export business, including the delivery of Boeing planes for civilian air traffic, in 1981 the US navy jets shot down two Libyan Air Force jets over the Mediterranean and a lot more actions against Libya followed.
On 25 March 1986 the USA violated the UN Charter and international law when Navy planes in the Mediterranean near the Gulf of Sirte bombarded civilian targets in the Gulf of Sirte and a Coast Guard boat which was on a routine reconnaissance trip. Furthermore, a Coast Guard ship which was also on a routine reconnaissance trip in Libyan territorial waters was also attacked. The brutal result of this adventure was the
death of the entire crew - 10 men - of the Coast Guard boat. The crew of the Coast Guard ship - 42 men - survived the attack and were swimming to shore when the US Navy eliminated them.
On April 14, 1986, the United States launched an air attack against targets in Libya.
The American official justification for the 1986 air and sea raids on Libya was self-defence, but up to date there has not been any evidence of Libya's involvement in the Berlin bombings which means the 1986 attacks were planned long before the Berlin incident . Many civilians were killed because of the USA attacks on Libya in 1986. The American writer Jim Taylor in his book "Man or Myth" writes: "History tells us that about 175 years ago, pasha-led pirates ensconced in Tripoli demanded and received tribute from American ships on the shores of that Mediterranean port city. But in today's "New World Order" it is the United States of America that is using piracy against the small nation of Libya via both vituperative rhetoric and murderous military attacks that would do justice to the Japanese treachery culminating in the 1941 surprise attack upon Pearl Harbor. Was not President Ronald Reagan's vicious raid on Libya in the middle of the night to make an attempt to kill the leader of Libya also a "surprise attack?" Was it not planned in secret at the White House in exactly the same manner as the Japanese naval command prepared for the Pearl Harbor attack? There was not even any American ambassador in Tripoli to discuss matters with as the Japanese diplomats did in November of 1941. Why were the Japanese called traitorous at Pearl Harbor while the Americans sent to kill civilians in Tripoli were called patriotic? I fail to see the difference between the two sneak attacks ........ Even if Libya had done wrong, two wrongs do not make it right--nor do they make it even. "
The official justification for the 1986 air and sea raid on Libya , as stated by the American president Ronald Reagan, and echoed by his Cabinet, was self-defense (to prevent any more terrorist attacks on American citizens abroad.) The American Christopher Ficek wrote in his page " ...... this U.S. military intervention remains a unique situation. Never before in American history had the fight against terrorism been the primary justification for committing U.S. troops to direct combat. Since the 1986 incident, there have been no other interventions of this sort. All other actions have been fought under a banner of a different color. Libya,
therefore, is an anomaly and an exception to the rule. During the Cold War, 1949-1991, every U.S. intervention was framed by the polarization of the time, the struggle of the United States versus the Soviet Union. Libya broke this time-tested mold. Even the chaos of the post-Cold War era has not produced this type deviation from the traditional foreign intervention pattern. The U.S. has not used of armed force to combat terrorism since the Libya incident. Because of this stark break with the tradition of U.S. foreign policy, one must wonder if the fight against terrorism is really the primary cause of the Libya attack. "
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