Libya:
History of its Flag and National Anthem



When Libya achieved its independance in December 24, 1951 , it used the official name: Al-Mamlaka Al-Libiya Al-Motahidda (The United Kingdom of Libya) a federal system composed of three states: Tripolitania (Tarablus) with its capital Tripoli, Cerinaica (Barka) with its capital Benghazi and Fezzan (Fazzan) with its capital Sabha. The federal government was lead by King Mohammad (Idris) As-Sanousi. During King Idris government Libya had two capitals Tripoli and Benghazi and at one point Al-Baida was the capital. In October 7, 1963 the three Libyan states became one Nation (Libya) and the Libyan official name was changed to: Al-Mamlaka Al-Libiya (The Kingdom of Libya) but still with two capitals Tripoli and Benghazi. From December 24, 1951 till September 1, 1969 the flag on the right was used as the national flag of Libya.
In September 1, 1969 (the day of the Libyan revolution) the official name of Libya was changed to: Al-Jamhooriya Al-Arabiya Al-Libiyah (The Libyan Arab Republic.) lead by the Revolutionary Command Council (Majlis Kyiadat Ath-thawra) which was headed by Moaamar Abou-Minyar Al-Qadhafi. From September 1, 1969 till 1970 [when Libya joined the Union of the Arab Republics or Ittihad al-Jomhoriyat al-Arabiya,] the flag on the right was the national flag of Libya.
When Libya joined the Union of the Arab Republics [Ittihad al-Jomhoriyat al-Arabiya] the flag of the Union of the Arab Republics [shown on the right] became the official Libyan flag till 11 November 1977 when Libya adopted its own flag.
In March 8, 1977 Libya's official name was changed to: Al-Jamahiriya Al-Arabiya Al-Libiyah Ash-Shabiya Al-Ishtrakia (The Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya) and in November 11, 1977 the flag was changed. The flag on the right has been the official flag of Libya since then.
From December 24, 1951 till September 1, 1969 the national anthem of Libya was:
click here to listen to the national anthem
Ya Bilaadi Ya Bilaadi
Bi-Jihadi wa-Jilaadi
Edfa-ee Kaidal-A-Aadi Wal-Awadi Was-Lami
Is-lami Is-lami Toola-Mada Innana Nahnol-Fida
Libya Libya Libya

In September 1, 1969 the national anthem of Libya was changed. The following has been the official national anthem of Libya since then:
Allaho-Akbar Allaho-Akbar
Allaho-Akbar Fauka-Kaidi-l Moatadi
Wal-Laho Lil-Mathloomi Kairo Moaeedi
Allaho-Akbar Fauka-Kaidi-l Moatadi
Wal-Laho Lil-Mathloomi Kairo Moaeedi
Ana-Bil-Yakeeni Wabissilahi Saftadee
Watani Wanoororl-Hakki Yastao Fi-Yadee
Koolo Ma-ee Koolo Ma-ee
Allah Allah Allaho-Akbar Allaho-Faw-Kal-Motadee

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